From P2P Foundation
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Commons is a central concept relating to very many other topics in this Wiki.

Michel Bauwens states the P2P position thus: "A commons is

  1. shared resources (i.e. there is something objective about it)
  2. maintained or co-produced by a community or group of stakeholders (hence: a subjective activity and choice, 'there is no commons without commoning') and
  3. it is managed according to the rules and values of that community ('autonormativity'), which makes it also an alternative governance and property regime."

(from the Commons page on this Wiki)

The Wikipedia entry gives the origin of the term thus: "the Roman legal category res communis, applied to things common to all to be used and enjoyed by everyone, as opposed to res publica, applied to public property managed by the government."

Key Ideas

  • "The Tragedy of the Commons" is a famous paper by Garrett Hardin, which was sometimes taken as dismissing the feasibility of commons in general. But as the author later admitted, (e.g. [1]) the "tragedy" properly relates to "unmanaged" commons, not to all commons.
  • Elinor Ostrom is widely cited and quoted as a key author in the field. She researched and documented several examples of commons that are effectively managed.
  • See our page on Enclosure to understand the meaning and significance of enclosure in opposing the Commons.
  • Commons-Based Peer Production points to a strategy for economic activity based on the commons. The P2P Foundation specifically aims to create a commons-centric society. See the article: Michel Bauwens' Blueprint for P2P Society

Useful Learning Resources


Deeper Study

Related Categories

for subcategories, see below


This category has the following 10 subcategories, out of 10 total.




Pages in category "Commons"

The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 1,979 total.

(previous page) (next page)




(previous page) (next page)