This section is dedicated to monitoring P2P-influenced concepts and practices related to Collective Intelligence, Knowledge Management, epistemology, etc...
At this state we only ported a limited number of items from our related section on P2P Learning, i.e. the relevant entries from A to H.
- David Weinberger: Objectivity without Transparency is Arrogance
- Introduction by Toni Prug: We need Open Process Search Systems.
Rule Number One is to pay attention. Rule Number Two might be: Attention is a limited resource, so pay attention to where you pay attention.
- Howard Rheingold 
Systems thinking has a certain simplicity and elegance to it — basically, a shift from seeing the world as a machine to understanding it as a network… To deal with nonlinear systems requires a change of perspective from objects to relationships, from measuring to mapping, and this is why visual thinking becomes important.”
~ Fritjof Capra 
"Co-intelligence is the capacity to call forth the wisdom and resources of the whole and its members to enhance the longterm vitality of the whole and its members." Collectively, a community has more - and more diverse - information, perspective, and resources than any individual has. A wise community, a wise leader, and a wise democracy will use that rich diversity creatively and interactively. The diversity will then be mutually enhancing rather than mutually problematic. The appropriate role of the state is to create enabling conditions for that to happen at all levels and in all sectors and facets of society.
- Tom Atlee 
The systematic extensions of my brain is the brain of my friends. No matter how good tagging systems and wikis I have, they are neither sustainable nor scalable, when facing the tsunami of complexity waves coming at us faster and faster. The coming chaos is evolution trick’s to push us out from the comfortable but illusory thinking of the individual being the basic cognitive unit. IMHO, it’s the collective.
- George Por
Experience has long been considered the best teacher of knowledge. Since we cannot experience everything, other people’s experiences, and hence other people, become the surrogate, of knowledge. I store my knowledge in my friends is an axiom for collecting knowledge through collecting people.
To survive and thrive, human systems *need* a not just a network view, but a multi-dimensional, multi-scaled view and definition of systems. this will help us see how many, many people can operate and multiply many forms of wealth within systems that previously seemed easily depletable. Peer networks are vital to creating the multi-dimensional maps and models and views that will allow all of us to see the cornacopia of options that now exist, provided we can shift out focus from exploitation and control, to existential symbiosis with everything that is around us, on as many scales as possible.
- Sam Rose
"From a very early age, we are taught to break apart problems, to fragment the world. This apparently makes complex tasks and subjects more manageable, but we pay a hidden, enormous price. We can no longer see the consequences of our actions; we lose our intrinisic sense of connection to a larger whole. When we then try to ‘see the big picture,’ we try to reassemble the fragments in our minds, to list and organize all the pieces. But, as physicist David Bohm says, the task is futile–similar to trying to reassemble the fragments of a broken mirror to see a true reflection. Thus, after a while we give up trying to see the whole altogether."
- Peter Senge 
Meta-theory as humanity’s vocabulary of self-transformation
"[With] self-consciousness comes the possibility of transforming ourselves by adopting new vocabularies, redescribing, and so reconstructing our selves and discursive institutions. While all of us are in some sense consumers of such new vocabularies, it is the special calling of some to produce them. And among those producers some take the construction of unique, potentially transformative vocabularies as the project by commitment to which they understand and define themselves. Among that group, some seek to produce those new vocabularies precisely by trying to understated the phenomena of sapience, normativity, conceptuality, reason, freedom, expression, self-consciousness, self-constitution, and historical transformation by subversive, empowering vocabularies. Those are the philosophers. They are charged neither with simply understanding human nature (human history), nor with simply changing it, but with changing it by understanding it."
—Robert B. Brandom (2009, p. 150) 
Dave Snowden has proposed the Cynefin framework for identifying the best match between knowledge styles and reality:
"It has five domains, characterised by the relationship between cause and effect. The first four domains are:
- Simple, in which the relationship between cause and effect is obvious to all, the approach is to Sense - Categorise - Respond and we can apply best practice.
- Complicated, in which the relationship between cause and effect requires analysis or some other form of investigation and/or the application of expert knowledge, the approach is to Sense - Analyze - Respond and we can apply good practice.
- Complex, in which the relationship between cause and effect can only be perceived in retrospect, but not in advance, the approach is to Probe - Sense - Respond and we can sense emergent practice.
- Chaotic, in which there is no relationship between cause and effect at systems level, the approach is to Act - Sense - Respond and we can discover novel practice.
The fifth domain is Disorder, which is the state of not knowing what type of causality exists, in which state people will revert to the comfort zone in making a decision." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cynefin)
See the video: Shawn Callahan on the Cynefin Framework
- One species, many minds: The official future. We interbreed among our genetic improvements and keep our individuality distinct, and our species identity intact.
- One species, one mind: Through electronic mediation, we join together to create a superorganism. A suprahuman.
- Many species, many minds: Ultimate diversity. Humans fork in their evolution to create new breeds. Some may even join machines in cyborgian partnerships.
- Many species, one mind: We fork in biology but unite in the noosphere. Millions of species share the same mind.
"We can argue that there are a range of different models of collective intelligence shaping the digital realm at the present time. We might distinguish broadly between three different models:
1) An aggregative model which assumes that we can collect data based on the autonomous and anonymous decisions of “the crowd” and use it to gain insights into their collective behavior. This is the model which shapes Digg and to some degree, YouTube.
2) a curatorial model where grassroots intermediaries seek to represent their various constituencies and bring together information that they think is valuable. This is the model which shapes the blogosphere.
3) a deliberative model where many different voices come together, define problems, vet information, and find solutions which would be impossible for any individual to achieve. This is the model shaping Wikipedia or even more powerfully alternate universe games. Of the three, the deliberative model offers the most democratic potentials, especially when it is tempered by ethical and political commitments to diversity. This is the model which Pierre Levy describes in his book, Collective Intelligence. Levy’s account stresses the affirmative value placed on diversity in such a culture. The more diverse the community, the broader range of possible information and insights can inform the deliberative process." (http://henryjenkins.org/2009/11/reflections_on_cultural_politi_1.html)
Related Wiki Sections
- Material on "Participation"
- Examining the new relationality and cooperative individualism
- The emerging sharing economy
- Cooperation and cooperatives
- Material on "Facilitation"
- The Social Brain Hypothesis, (2016: no longer at www.liv.ac.uk/evolpsyc/Evol_Anthrop_6.pdf ) essay where Robin Dunbar explains the cognitive limitations of his Dunbar Number
- The Social Brain Hypothesis and Human Evolution, Robin Dunbar
- Book: Collective Intelligence: Creating a Prosperous at Peace. Ed. by Mark Tovey.
- Great Information Transitions in the Past and the Present. By René Barsalo.
- Emergence of a Global Brain. Francis Heylighen
- Science of Collective Intelligence. Norman L Johnson
- Civic Intelligence and the Public Sphere. Douglas Schuler
- Co-intelligence, Collective Intelligence, and Conscious Evolution. Tom Atlee
- Kingsley Dennis on The Great Acceleration: The Astounding Growth in the Psychological Evolution of the Human Self.
- Moving from Binary to Ternary Thinking. John Michael Greer
- Collective Sense-Making as Negotiated Agreement. Harold Jarche
- The Evolution of Cognition. William L. Benzon and David G. Hays. 
- Harnessing Crowds: Mapping the Genome of Collective Intelligence. By Thomas Malone, Robert Laubacher, and Chrysanthos Dellarocas. 
- What is Collective Intelligence? Thomas Malone
- Cultivating Collective Intelligence Leadership. George Pór
- Evolutionary Worldview Rising, Integral Leadership Review, http://www.integralleadershipreview.com/archives-2010/2010-06/2010-06-notes-por.php
- Collective Intelligence and Collective Leadership: Twin Paths to Beyond Chaos, University of Amsterdam, http://sprouts.aisnet.org/8-2/
- Connecting Our Conversations for Becoming Wiser Together, Kosmos Journal, http://www.community-intelligence.com/?q=node/104
- Collective Intelligence as a Field of Multi-disciplinary Study and Practice, Evolutionary Nexus, http://www.evolutionarynexus.org/node/606
- Designing for the Emergence of a Global-scale Collective Intelligence, The First Global Brain Workshop, http://www.community-intelligence.com/?q=node/106
- Nurturing Systemic Wisdom through Knowledge Ecology, The Systems Thinker, http://www.community-intelligence.com/?q=node/98
- Quest for Collective Intelligence, Community Building: Renewing Spirit and Learning in Business, http://www.visionnest.com/btbc/cb/chapters/quest.htm
- Report: Rapid Decision Making for Complex Issues. HOW TECHNOLOGIES OF COOPERATION CAN HELP. Andrea Saveri and Howard Rheingold. INSTITUTE FOR THE FUTURE, 2005.
- Towards Healthy Virtual Selves for Collective Groups; From the recommended essay: How to Build the Global Mind
- Harnessing the Collective Intelligence of the Web.
- The evolution of consciousness, rooted in complexity and cognitive sciences. See Stewart, J. E. (2007) The future evolution of consciousness, Journal of Consciousness Studies, Vol. 14, No. 8, Pp. 58-92.
- Evolutionary Manifesto ; book: Evolution's Arrow
- George Dyson. Darwin Among The Machines: The Evolution Of Global Intelligence: wonderful history of the network mind
- Otto Laske. Manual of Dialectical Thought Forms.
- COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE: Creating a Prosperous World at Peace. Ed. by Mark Tovey. This book contains key essays from all major figures in the field. Full online version 
- Handbook of Collective Intelligence By Thomas W. Malone et al.: This Handbook provides a survey of the field of collective intelligence, summarizing what is known, providing references to sources for further information, and suggesting possibilities for future research.
Pages in category "Intelligence"
The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 574 total.(previous page) (next page)
- Access to Knowledge Movement
- Adam Hyde on Open Web Book Sprints
- Alberto Cottica on Designing Collective Intelligence
- Alexander Wissner-Gross on Planetary Scale Intelligence
- Alexandria Decentralized Library
- Alg-a Lab/es
- Alterglobalization Movement - Epistemological Aspects
- Amit Basole on Knowledge Satyagraha and the People’s Knowledge Movement
- Amit Basole on the Knowledge Satyagraha People’s Knowledge Movement
- Andrew Famiglietti on the the Neutral Point of View's Effect on the Moral Economy of Wikipedia
- Andy Clark on Extended Mind
- Appreciative Inquiry Commons
- Argument Map
- Art Commons in a Social Knowledge Economy
- Artificial General Intelligence
- Astounding Growth in the Psychological Evolution of the Human Self
- Ateneu Candela/es
- Athina Karatzogianni on Wikipedia’s Impact on the Global Power-Knowledge Hierarchies
- Attention Blindness
- Attention Scarcity
- Attentional Capital and the Ecology of Online Social Networks
- Augmented Social Cognition
- Authorship Through Networks
- Awareness Design
- Axemaker's Gift
- Camera Libre
- Capability Approach
- Carlos Castillo on Finding High Quality Content in Social Media
- Case Study on Strategic Tagging
- Cass Sunstein on Infotopia, Information and Decision-Making
- Center for Pattern Literacy
- Chris Anderson on How Web Video Powers Global Innovation
- Chris Dede on Neomillenial Learning Styles
- Circle Organization
- Civic Intelligence and the Public Sphere
- Clay Shirky on Constructive Criticism for Peer Collaboration
- Clay Shirky on the Cognitive Surplus
- Climate CoLab
- Co-Creative Event Pattern Language
- Co-Creative Recipes
- Co-Intelligence Institute
- Co-intelligence, Collective Intelligence, and Conscious Evolution
- Cognitive Computing
- Cognitive Diversity
- Cognitive Policy
- Cognitive Surplus
- Collaboration and Collective Intelligence
- Collaboration by Difference
- Collaboration Theory
- Collaborative Evolution Network
- Collaborative Intelligence
- Collaborative Knowledge Building and Integral Theory
- Collaborative Moderation
- Collaborative Ontology
- Collaborative Rationality
- Collective Action
- Collective Artificial Intelligence
- Collective Awareness Platforms
- Collective Consciousness
- Collective Insight
- Collective Intelligence
- Collective Intelligence and Collective Leadership
- Collective Intelligence and Neutral Point of View in the Case of Wikipedia
- Collective Intelligence is a Commons That Needs a Dedicated Language
- Collective Intelligence Net
- Collective Intelligence Research Institute
- Collective Leadership
- Collective Presencing
- Collective Sense-Making as Negotiated Agreement
- Collective Thinking
- Collective Wisdom
- Collectively Intelligent Systems
- Common Crawl
- Common Libraries
- Commons State
- Commonwealth of Knowledge
- Communal Validation
- Community Control of Knowledge
- Community Intelligence
- Community Knowledge Gardening
- Community Knowledge Hub for Libraries
- Community Managed Libraries
- Concept Web
- Conceptual Integration Techniques
- Connective Knowledge
- Connectivist Learning Theory - Siemens
- Consensus Web Filters
- Convergent vs Divergent Reasoning
- Cooperative Intelligence
- CQ - Collaborative Intelligence
- Creación Libre/es
- Creating Invisible Architectures for Collective Wisdom
- Critical Reflection On The Three Pillars Of Transdisciplinarity
- Critical Thinking
- Critical Thinking Compendium
- Critical Wikipedia Reader
- Critique of Empathy
- Crowd IPR
- Cultivating Collective Intelligence Leadership
- Culture in Mind
- Cybernetic Balance
- Cynefin Framework
- D.I.Y. Macroeconomics
- Dan Robles on Dissolving Big Data with P2P Knowledge Economies
- Daniel Domscheit-Berg on OpenLeaks
- Daniel Goleman on Achieving Ecological Intelligence in Practice through Technology
- Darwin Among the Machines
- Darwin and the Battle for 21st Century Mind
- Data Collaborative
- Dave Pollard on Personal Knowledge Management
- David Brin and Sheldon Brown on Massive Collaborative Problem-Solving
- David Garcia on Collective Emotions in the Internet Society
- David Gurteen on Incentivizing Sharing in Knowledge Management
- David Swedlow on Beyond Folksonomies
- David Warlick on Redefining Literacies for the 21st Century
- David Weinberger
- David Weinberger on Everything Is Miscellaneous
- David Weinberger on How the P2P Information Explosion Will Transform Business
- David Weinberger on Tagging and Folksonomies
- David Weinberger on the Transformation of Knowledge
- David Weinberger on What Information Was
- Decline of Wikipedia
- Deep Search
- Deletionism and Inclusionism in Wikipedia
- Democratic Curation
- Democratic Reason
- Design Criteria for a Global Brain
- Design for Cognitive Justice
- Design Pattern
- Dialogical Nature of Human Activity
- Digital Curation
- Digital Curator
- Digital Literacy
- Digital Preservation Coalition
- Disenclosing the Crises of Imagination and Power
- Distributed Advancement of Knowledge
- Distributed Cognition
- Distributed Cognition Theory - Hutchins
- Distributed Genius
- Distributed Knowledge
- Distributed Problem Solving
- Diversity and Empathy as Generators of Creative Wholeness for Participatory Public Policy
- Doing Doing/es
- Don Tapscott about Complexity and Collaborative Problem Solving
- Don Tapscott on Cooperation through Networked Intelligence
- Dor Garbash on the Rhizi Annotation System
- Douglas Engelbart on Harnessing Collective Intelligence
- Dunbar Number
- Dunning–Kruger Effect
- Effects of Algorithm Awareness
- El Campo de Cebada/es
- Embedded Knowledge
- Embodied Cognition
- Embodied Perception
- Emergence of a Global Brain
- Emergence of Global Consciousness and its Impact on the System of Global Governance
- Epistemic Experimental Communities
- Epistemologies of the South
- Epistemology of Peer Production
- Epistemology of Wikipedia
- Ethnography of Wikipedia
- Evaluating Spiritual and Utopian Groups
- Evolution of Cognition
- Evolution of Consciousness According to Jean Gebser
- Evolution's Arrow
- Evolutionary Manifesto
- Evolutionary Psychology