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Defining Occupy Wall Street

URL = Wikipedia

See also:

  1. FAQ by the Nation:
  2. Eleven ways to support the movement
  3. More information in the individual entry on Occupy Wall Street
  4. Timeline:

Important Events



Intro: The Occupy Wall Street API ; How To Occupy

  1. Affinity Group
  2. Assembly ; General Assembly & General Assembly Guide ; People's Assembly & Popular Assembly ; General Assembly Process Guide‎
    1. blog material on the General Assemblies: 1 ; 2 ; 3 ; 4 ; 5
  3. Blocking - Consensus Governance‎
  4. Collective Thinking
  5. Consensus ; Consensus Decision-Making ; Video: Consensus Methodology at Occupy Wall Street
  6. Consensus_Hand_Signals
  7. Human Microphone System ; Mic Check Protest
  8. Occupations
  9. Occupy Facilitation Groups
  10. Occupy Working Groups
  11. Protest Camp, How-To by Willie Osterweil
  12. Spokes Council; see: Occupy Wall Street Spokes Council‎
  13. Strategic Nonviolent Direct Action, as proposed by Starhawk.
  14. Working Groups: Occupy Wall Street Operations Groups‎ ; Occupy Wall Street Movement Groups

See also:

  1. Suggestions for P2P Governance Techniques (By Alpha Lo)
  2. Structure of New York City General Assembly

Organizational Resources

Internet Presence

  1. Occupation Directory: a public listing of all known Occupation sites [3]
  2. The daily Occupations Report ; Greg Mitchell's daily OccupyUSA blog at The Nation
  3. provides channels of communications between GAs, Work Groups and Occupiers across the Occupy movement.
  4. The NYC General Assembly leads the direct democratic process in Liberty Square. Website ;
  5. LibertySqGA: Livetweeting Occupy Wall Street's General Assembly & SpokesCouncil in Liberty Square, NYC.
  6. is a primary source of information from Liberty Square.
  7. OccupyWeb is a 'river of news' (RSS) on the various Occupy movements ; Occupy Together Meetups
  8. Adbusters Diary: day by day ..
  9. Media: Occupy the Airwaves
  10. Wiki: Occupy Wiki
  11. Occupy Wall Street Protest Locations‎‎

Ongoing coverage also at:


Working Groups

The GA consists of a number of working groups that act autonomously to organize events, engage in project and present proposals to the GA, where they can be acted upon.

Tools and Technologies

To read: Peer to Peer User Owned Communications Infrastructure. Gordon Cook. Cook Report, March-April 2012. [4]: a very detailed treatment of the alternative, user-owned p2p infrastructures that are emerging, and detailing in particular the case study of Isaac Wilder’s FreedomTower meshwork.

Occupy-related Businesses

  • OccuCopy, Brooklyn
  • OWS Screenprint Coop, Brooklyn

Strategic and Tactical Discussions and Controversies

See also:


Occupy as a Peer Production of a Political Commons

"If you observe an occupation, you see a community that is producing its politics autonomously, not following hierarchical or authoritarian political movements with a pre-ordained program; you see for-benefit institutions in charge of the provisioning of the occupiers (food, healthcare), and the creation of an ethical economy around it (such as Occupy’s Street Vendor Project). This is prefigurative of a new form of society in which the commons is at the core of value creation; these commons’ are maintained by non-profit institutions, and the livelihoods are guaranteed through an ethical economy. Of course there are historical precedents, but what is new is the extraordinary organisational, mobilization and co-learning potential of their networks. Occupy works as an open API with modules, such as ‘protest camping’, ‘general assemblies’, which can be used as templates and modified by all, without the need for central leadership. We can now have global coordination and mutual alignment of a multitude of small-group dynamics, and this requires a new type of leadership. The realization of historical moment of Peak Hierarchy, the moment in which distributed networks asymmetrically challenge vertical institutions in a way they could not do before, forces social movements to look for new ways of governance… but these are not given, and have to be discovered experimentally, and of course, there will be valuable lessons to learn from predecessor movements!"

- Michel Bauwens [6]

Key Resources

Ongoing coverage also at:


Key Texts and Articles



  1. Michel Bauwens: P2P and #OccupyWallStreet: It’s not just technology, it’s the people
  2. Jake Stanning: From Ideology-Led Organizing via Action-Led Organizing to Behavioural-Led Organizing. A reflection on the logic behind the organizing of the Occupy Wall Street Movement [7]
  3. McKenzie Wark: #OccupyWallStreet as an Occupation, not a Movement
  4. Michael Gurstein: How the OccupyWallStreet Movement is Evolving from Networked Individualism to Empowered Communities
  5. McKenzie Wark on how #OccupyWallStreet re-introduces “The Political” where none existed before
  6. Naomi Wolf: #OccupyWallStreet as the first mass movement of global consciousness
  7. Jodi Dean: Critique of OccupyWallStreet's Tactics as a Brand ; OccupyWallStreet as a Necessary Call for Collectivity
  8. Micah Sifry reflects on a analysis by Andrew Boyd: Why does #OccupyWallStreet succeed and endure where previous movements failed?
  9. Chris Hedges on the significance of #OccupyWallStreet: tinkering with the corporate state is no longer sufficient
  10. The anthropology of horizontalism at #OccupyWallStreet
  11. Michael Gurstein: rethinking the linkage between online and offline through the #OccupyWallStreet mobilizations
  12. Tim Rayner on the characteristics of #OccupyWallStreet as a swarm movement
  13. Gideon Rosenblatt and Lawrence Lessig: What to think of the framing of the #OccupyWallStreet movement as a ‘Tea Party of the Left’?
  14. Scott Timberg: Behind the #OccupyWallStreet mobilizations: the fading of the creative class
  15. Slavoj Zizek: Occupy as a Movement of the Salaried Bourgeoisie
  16. Naomi Klein; Jimmy Higgins: Three conclusions on the global importance of #OccupyWallStreet
  17. William Gamson: Occupy Wall Street as a Culture Change Movement
  18. How the Occupy movement is already changing everything. by: Sarah van Gelder, David Korten and Steve Piersanti
  19. Occupy Wall Street and the Decline of the Professional Managerial Class. by BARBARA EHRENREICH AND JOHN EHRENREICH.
  20. Jodi Dean on the Meaning of Occupy Wall Street for the Left
  21. Carne Rosse: Why the Occupy Movement Represents a New Politics
  22. Mark Jagdev: Can Occupy think strategically?

See also:

  1. Dennis Kucinich and Chris Hedges on the Reasons for the 99 Percent Movement
  2. Naomi Klein on the Context for OccupyWallStreet
  3. Slavoj Zizek on Occupy Wall Street


  1. How the privatization of the public sphere criminalizes/encloses the #OccupyWallStreet protest commons
  2. David Harvey: #OccupyWallStreet as a political commons


  1. An account of conflict (resolution) at the #OccupyWallStreet New York camp
  2. Consensus Hand Signals and the Human Microphone at the #OccupyWallStreet Protest Camps
  3. John Robb on Real Open Source Leadership at #OccupyWallStreet
  4. A critique of the #OccupyWallStreet tactics: Leaderlessness does not mean a lack of direction
  5. Chris Corrigan; John Robb ; Naomi Klein: The governance and leadership mechanisms of the open source #OccupyWallStreet protest
  6. The New York City “General Assembly” at #OccupyWallStreet: what’s the process

See also:

  1. Leadership at Open Source Protests
  2. Self-Governance and Mutual Aid at Occupy Wall Street
  3. Provisioning and Direct Democracy Infrastructures at Occupy Wall Street


  1. The intellectual heritage and foundation to OccupyWallStreet: the Madagascar connection
  2. Mattathias Schwartz in The New Yorker: Pre-Occupied: The origins and future of Occupy Wall Street

See also:

  1. Hashtag History of Occupy Wall Street; The 2: the Canadian connection
  2. Argentine Assembly Movement ; Disappearance of the Neighborhood Assembly Movement in Buenos Aires


  1. The “one demand”: Robert Steele’s powerful proposal to the #OccupyWallStreet Electoral Reform Committee
  2. Carol Schachet: 5 Values to Profess Beyond the #OccupyWallStreet Protest
  3. The Declaration of Economic Democracy: 6 proposed demands for the #OccupyWallStreet Movement
  4. Michael Hudson on #OccupyWallStreet: “Wall Street has become a Criminal Organization.”

See also:

  1. Analysis of Financial Terrorism in America
  2. David DeGraw's Proposals for Common Ground for the 99 Percent Movement
  3. David E. McClean: 50 Proposals for Reform and Reclamation [8]


See the video: Provisioning and Direct Democracy Infrastructures at Occupy Wall Street


  1. Feed the Movement
  2. Occupy Wall Street Street Vendor Project


  1. Occupy Wall Street Medical Center ; [9]
  2. Veterinarians who support Occupy Wall Street

Media (and art)

  1. Art for Occupy
  2. FreedomTower
  3. Music For Occupy; Occupy This Album
  4. Occupy Design
  5. Occupy Filmmakers
  6. Occupy Poetry
  7. Occupy Theatre
  8. Occupy Wall Street Library
  9. Occupy Writers‎‎
  10. OWS Art Gallery
  11. Support OWS


  1. Matthew Slater: Does #OccupyWallStreet need an alternative ‘protest’ currency?

See also:

  1. OWS Currency


  1. Occupy Wall Street Town Planning

Repression / Policing

  1. The Brooklyn Bridge case: how the police adapts to leaderless resistance


  1. Lessons for #OccupyWallStreet: Why Did the Neighborhood Assembly Movement in Argentina Disappear?
  2. Tim Gee on Building Counterpower: are there lessons for #OccupyWallStreet?
  3. Tactical and Strategic reflections on #OccupyWallStreet: is it wise to only use peaceful protest tactics?
  4. Randy Shaw:The tactical and strategic innovation of the #OccupyWallStreet Movement
  5. Peter Marcuse: Are Non-Reformist Reforms the way forward for #Occupywallstreet ?
  6. A critique of the #OccupyWallStreet tactics: Leaderlessness does not mean a lack of direction
  7. Matthew Slater: Does #OccupyWallStreet need an alternative ‘protest’ currency?

See also:

  1. Mobile Tactics for Participants in Peaceful Assemblies
  2. Ralph Nader at Occupy Washington
  3. Ralph Nader, Ron Paul, Kucinich and Chomsky on Left-Right Convergence Against Corporatism


  1. Video: Charles Eisenstein talks Re-Envisioning Money to #OccupyWallStreet
  2. Video: Arthur Brock and Eric Harris-Braun on the Metacurrency Project
  3. Video: Juliet Schor Talks on the Plenitude of the Commons Economy at Occupy Wall Street
  4. Video: William Black Occupy LA Teach In on the Meltdown, Financial Crime, and Economics
  5. Video: Ellen Brown Occupy LA Teach In on Money and Banking
  6. Video: Michel Bauwens OWS London Tent University Teach In on P2P and the Commons


  1. People’s University - NYC‎

Key Books

  1. Counterpower
  2. 40 DAYS THAT SHOOK THE WORLD: From Occupy Wall Street to Occupy Everywhere. Greg Mitchell. Sinclair Books, 2011
  3. Occupying Wall Street. The Inside Story of an Action that Changed America. WRITERS FOR THE 99%, 2012. [10]
  4. Judy Rebick's "Occupy This!"
  5. Occupy Consciousness: Essays on the Global Insurrection. Evolver, 2012. [11]

Key Documentaries

  1. Occupy Movie
  2. Occupy Wall Street Collaborative Film
  3. While We Watch

Key Media

  1. Facebook Occupy Sites Directory‎ ; Occupy Twitter Accounts‎ ; Occupy Websites Directory‎ ; Occupy Wiki‎ ; Occupy Related Subreddits‎
  2. Global Revolution TV ; Occupy Live Streams‎ ; Occupy the Airwaves
  3. Occupations Report
  4. Occupy Archive Project
  5. Occupy Arrests
  6. Occupy Design
  7. Occupy Hub's Twitter directory counts Collective Followers: 9,175,404 [12]
  8. Occupy Ideas
  9. Occupy Research
  10. Occupy The Music
  11. Occupy Together Map‎ ; Occupy Wall Street Protest Locations
  12. Occupy Wall Street Media ; Occupied Wall Street Journal
  13. Occupy Wall Street Screen Printing Guild‎‎ ; Occuprint‎‎ ; Occupied Wall Street Posters

See also:

  1. Occupy Filmmakers‎
  2. Occupy Writers‎‎

Key Movements

  1. AmpedStatus Network
  2. Feed the Movement
  3. Occupy Homes ; Video: Monique White and Nick Espinosa on the Occupy Homes Movement
  4. Occupy Wall Street Occupy Alternative Banking Group; Occupy the SEC ; Occupy the Banks
  5. Occupy Together
  6. Occupy Wall Street
  7. US Day of Rage
  8. Yes We Camp

Key Videos

  1. Provisioning and Direct Democracy Infrastructures at Occupy Wall Street
  2. We The People Have Found Our Voice at Occupy Wall Street: Atmospheric reportage via [13]
  3. Consensus Methodology at Occupy Wall Street; Consensus at the [[General A#Feed the Movementssembly]] explained
  4. Introduction to the Facilitation Methods at the Occupy Atlanta General Assembly
  5. Speaking in Stack at the Occupy Movement‎‎


  1. A potpourri of #OccupyWallStreet Videos (3)
  2. A potpourri of videos on #OccupyWallStreet (2)
  3. A potpourri of #occupywallstreet videos


"To put the problem a little differently, partly through these broken solidarities, partly through demonizing the 1%, and partly through explicitly forging this new populist ethos, OWS has managed in spirit, analysis and conduct to substitute justice talk for interest talk. And it has done so when the language of justice seemed nearly extinguished by a neoliberal rationality that refracts all conduct through the metric of human capital self-appreciation. "We are the 99%," far from participating in a discourse organized by interest or difference, overtly rejects the seizing of the nation by a plutocracy, by private rather than public interests. If the slogan is sometimes mobilized to cast this seizing as an effect of corruption and greed rather than neoliberal rationality in late capitalism (including the complete imbrication of Euro-Atlantic states with the fates and imperatives of finance capital), this is consequent not only to the wealth extremes the epoch has generated but to the necessary personification and theatricalization of all potent political discourse. (Even the Bolsheviks needed to feature the czars as the enemy!) Yet how difficult it has been for the mainstream media to grasp this new formation as promulgating a vision of justice, as issuing from educated political conviction and not only personal circumstance or individual rancor! It is a sign of our profoundly depoliticized vernacular of citizenship today that the stock interview question of OWS participants, "what brings you here?" is always intended to solicit a story of personal hardship or calamity. From CNN to NPR to the New York Times, the interviewers never know what to do with OWS answers that reference a decent, equitable and sustainable way of collective life, a sense of right and wrong, and an account of what we political theorists quaintly call The Good for the polity.

As splendidly surprising as the OWS movement has been, equally astonishing is the level of national endorsement for it: recent polls indicate that 62% of the country supports the movement and that more than a third of the super-rich (the 1%) are sympathetic. Regardless of the strategic challenges ahead for OWS as a movement, these facts alone brighten future prospects for a critical national discourse about democracy and capitalism. Occupy Wall Street has already generated something extraordinary in its successful challenge to the neoliberal image of the nation on the model of the firm, where profit is the only metric, competition the only game, private property the only rule, winners and losers the only outcome, and hierarchy and inequality the only form of organization. In place of that image, OWS has revived the classical image of the nation as res-publica, the nation as a public thing. The struggle ahead? To make the image real."

- Wendy Brown [14]

Pages in category "OccupyWallStreet"

The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 288 total.

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