Cybernetic Revolution

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= concept and book

The concept

1. Anton and Leonid Grinin:

"In the 1950s and 1960s the world (first, the developed countries) became a witness to the largest technological revolution in history, which continues to this day. At the end of the twentieth century, the achievements of this revolution, especially in the field of information technologies, has spread all over the world. We call this revolution the “Cybernetic revolution, ”because cybernetics is the science about information and its transformations in various complex systems (L. Grinin and A. Grinin 2015). During its first phase (from the 1950s to the present day), the Cybernetic revolution has radically changed information processing and provided a breakthrough in the regulating of complex processes in a wide range of natural and artificial systems that became part of the production process. In the future it will provide the ultimate breakthrough by creating a fundamentally new environment, a world of self-regulating systems. The Cybernetic revolution became the third largest production revolution in the history of humankind after the Agrarian (Neolithic) and Industrial ones, but it has not yet ended. We consider the revolutionary changes, which the world will face in the coming six to seven decades, will happen during the second (the final) phase of the Cybernetic revolution."


2. Andrey Korotayev, Anton and Leonid Grinin:

"In this article, on the basis of the synthesis of the theory of long cycles and the theory of production revolutions, we provide an analysis of the modern production revolution whose initial phase(often referred to as the scientific and information revolution) began in the 1950s. We expect that in the coming decades, we should expect the final phase of this revolution.

The final phase of this revolution will begin in the 2030s – 2040s and will last until the2060s – 2070s. We denote this revolution as “Cybernetic”, basing on the fact that the leading type of its technology has been firmly linked to information and management, this relationship in the future will further increase and, accordingly, future technologies will be largely based on the principles that are formulated in the scientific discipline of Cybernetics. We expect that the final phase of the Cybernetic Revolution will result in a widespread use of self-regulating systems (i.e., of the systems that can regulate themselves, responding in a pre-programmed and intelligent way to the feedback from the environment; systems that operate either with a small input from humans or completely without human intervention."


The Book





"The monograph presents the ideas about the main changes that occurred in the development of technologies from the emergence of Homo sapiens till present time and outlines the prospects of their development in the next 30–60 years and in some respect until the end of the twenty-first century. What determines the transition of a society from one level of development to another? One of the most fundamental causes is the global technological transformations.

Among all major technological breakthroughs in history the most important are three production revolutions:

1) the Agrarian Revolution;

2) the Industrial Revolution; and

3) the Cybernetic one.

The book introduces the theory of production revolutions which is a new valuable explanatory paradigm that analyzes causes and trends of dramatic shifts in historical process. The authors describe the course of technological transformations in history and demonstrate a possible application of the theory to explain the present and forthcoming technological changes. They analyze the technological shifts which took place in the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries and forecast the main shifts in the next half a century. On this basis the authors present a detailed analysis of the latest production revolution which is denoted as ‘Сybernetic’."


"The authors argue that the transition to the starting final phase of the Cybernetic Revolution (in the 2030–2040s) will first occur in the field of medicine (in some its innovative branches). In future we will deal with the started convergence of innovative technologies which will form the system of MANBRIC-technologies (i.e. the technological paradigm based on medicine, additive, nano- and bio- technologies, robotics, IT and cognitive technologies). The monograph gives an outline of the future breakthroughs in medicine and some other technologies (between the 2010s and 2070s)."