Notre devise : "ENSEMBLE NOUS SAVONS TOUT"
et un avertissement de la part de Robert Cringely: Nous avons atteint un stade où, dans le cadre de l'adaptation de notre culture à l'informatique et aux technologies de la communication, les générations les plus jeunes ont monté en puissance et sont prêtes et impatientes de rejeter ces institutions que la plupart d'entre nous continuent à considérer essentielles, centrales, voire immortelles. Elles sont prêtes à jeter nos écoles.. (eng)
EDUCAUSE définit(eng) l'ouverture de la manière suivante :
* Standards ouverts et inter-opérabilité * Développement communautaire ouvert de logiciels * Accès ouvert aux données de la recherche * Communications ouvertes dans le cadre scolaire * Accès ouvert au contenu et possibilité de le modifier
Si l'éducation est vouée à être transformée, nous nous devons de nous attaquer simultanéent à ses sept aspects  (eng):
Les Sept C de l'Éducation.
- Curriculum : Comment le contenu des programmes est choisi, validé, organisé et présenté.
- Contenu: The material supporting any learning objective. Ironically, content used to be considered the most important part of an educational model – thus the proliferation of tests. But in the age of Internet, content has gone to being the least important.
- Coaching: The individual attention helping each student overcome their individual weaknesses, answer specific questions, and leverage their individual strengths, as well as provide motivation.
- "Customisation" (INdividualisation) : La capacité à reconnaître et à correspondre aux besoins de chaque individu.
- Communauté : Un groupe de pairs qui rend l'apprentissage à la fois plus efficace et plus enthousiasmant.
- Crédits: Preuve et documentation montrant qu'un certain niveau de compétence a été atteint (aussi censés fournir de la motivation).
- day Care: The ability to house students for a specific time.
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Key P2P Learning Theories
- 3 Key P2P Educational Initiatives
- 4 Some Citations
- 5 Key Resources
- 5.1 Key Articles
- 5.2 Key Blogs
- 5.3 Key Books
- 5.4 Key Conferences
- 5.5 Key Courses
- 5.6 Key Initiatives
- 5.7 Key Journals
- 5.8 Key Podcasts and Webcasts
- 5.9 Key Policy Statements
- 5.10 Key Reports
- 5.11 Key Tags
- 6 Key Tools
- 7 Recommended Instructional Videos
- 8 Open Learning Content Initiatives
- 9 P2P Hall of Fame
This section is about learning, knowledge exchange and management, education, epistemology (ways of knowing) and related developments.
The P2P Foundation supports the Cape Town Declaration on Open Education.
The pages below are maintained by Michel Bauwens.
This most remarkable video says it all!!
- George Siemens: Openness in Education should have firm principles!
- Miles Berry: What Would an Open Source Education Look Like?
- For a good introduction see John Heron on facilitation and the revolution in learning
- We need Open Access to the means of instruction. David Wiley.
- Terry Anderson on the Three Levels of Aggregation of Learners; See the full essay on Networked modes of learning
- Tera Vaden et al. on the Three Metaphors of Learning; See the book: Wikiworld
- The Learn Nodes concept of Judy Breck may well represent the future of informal learning
- Three Generations of Education. Derek W. Keats and J. Philipp Schmidt 
- Read also this essay on the Teaching to Learning Paradigm Shift by Robert B. Barr and John Tagg.
- Here's an extraordinary mind-blowing scenario map, with linked resources on the Forces Affecting the Furure of Education
- Check out the pioneering work of Alfie Kohn on democratic learning communities.
Follow the most recent trends through this Delicious P2P Learning tag.
Key P2P Learning Theories
- George Siemens, and his Connectivist learning theory, is one of the scholars most intensely constructing what I would call a 'peer to peer learning theory'.
- David Cormier on Rhizomatic Education
- Terry Anderson (and Jon Dron): Three Social Sources of Learning: maps out three different types of “many” in social learning environments
- Josef Jacotot's Pedagogy of Equality: Nina Powers presents ‘On Ignorant Schoolmasters’, Jacques Rancière, published as Chapter 1 of Jacques Rancière, Education, Truth, Emancipation, by Charles Bingham and Gert Biesta (London, Continuum: 2010), pp. 1-24.
Key P2P Educational Initiatives
See here for more Informal Learning Projects
"digital technologies are now providing educators and students with tools of study, as opposed to tools of instruction" 
when everyone has free and open access to the means of instruction, we can expect to see large scale experimentation and innovation.
- David Wiley 
Read here about:
- Why schools need to open up to peer-based learning models
- About the Learning 2.0 approach
- How Education is diverging from schooling
- What is the power of peer teaching
- Who are the new knowledge leaders
- How we are evolving from learning "just in case" to "learning on demand"
- Teachers are world-changers
- Stephen Downes: An introduction to connective knowledge; The Threefold Opening of Education
- Key essay by Yochai Benkler: Common Wisdom: Peer Production of Educational Materials 
- Ilkka Tuomi: Learning in the Age of Networked Intelligence
- George Siemens: Learning and Knowing in Networks: Changing roles for Educators and Designers; towards Networked-Directed Learning
- From Expert led to peer driven social learning : 6 p2p learning trends summarized by Nancy White and Josien Kapma
- Henry Jenkins: Learning by Remixing
- JOHN WILLINSKY. The Educational Implications of Networks
- Dave Cormier: The Community as Curriculum
Food for Thought
A bit of history to start:
- Peer to Peer Origins of the European University: Interesting historical recall of the origins of the European university system, in 12th cy. Bologna, when the students were in charge.
- The Structure and Silence of the Cognitariat, Christopher Newfield (3 types of knowledge workers, 3 types of sharply unequal education)
- Miles Berry: What Does an Open Source Approach to Education Look Like
- George Siemens: The New Forms of Connectivist Education
- Is Compulsory Education needed in a Gift Economy
- Towards a Place for Study in a World of Instruction
- In Transcending the Individual Human Mind through Collaborative Design, Ernesto Arias et al. explain why peer to peer learning design is essential in complex societies.
- 10 Reasons why schools should use free software
- Assessment 2.0: modernizing assessment
- Commons-based Peer Production and Education. J. Philipp Schmidt (P2PU.org). Short essay for the Free Culture Research Workshop. Harvard University, 23 October 2009, which touches on the issue of Reputation and Open Accreditation 
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- Overview of recent technological developments (Web 2.0) and how these participatory technologies could be used for teaching and learning, by Bryan Alexander, EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 41, no. 2 (March/April 2006): 32–44 .
- 'Coming of Age'  is an introduction to teachers on how they can use the 'new World Wide Web'.
- Article by Ulises Mejias A Nomad's Guide to Learning and Social Software
- Teaching and Learning with the Net Generation
- Using Wiki's in Education
- CC Learn, using Creative Commons licensing for education
- Finding Open Educational Resources. By Esther Wojcicki.
- Guide for Participating in the International Open Education Commons. The UNESCO OER Toolkit is an initiative of the Information Society Division of UNESCO’s Communication and Information Sector. The drafting of this toolkit was facilitated by Philipp Schmidt of the University of the Western Cape, South Africa.
- Report of the discussion on Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) for Open Educational Resources, compiled by International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP)
- FOSS in School Education
- FOSS: Education Primer, written by Tan Wooi Tong
- The Future of Learning Institutions in a Digital Age. By Cathy N. Davidson and David Theo Goldberg. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning. This report is available in a free digital edition on the MIT Press website at http://mitpress.mit.edu/9780262513593.
- The State of the OpenCourse ware movement, 2010: NYT review
Digital Media Literacy
- The New Media Literacies project has a list of the new skills that children need to know to cope with the participatory media, at http://www.projectnml.org/node/308. Here's a summary of those New Media Literacy Skills.
- David Warlick maintains the very similar Redefining Literacies for the 21st Century pages.
- Participatory Media Literacy: wiki-based curriculum combines texts that address the social, political, economic, cultural aspects of participatory media with practical instructions in the use of each medium.
- Thesis available online: Migrating to Open Source Learning Management Systems
- Henry Jenkins has a report on how education should be adapted to the requirements of a participatory culture and digital media, see Media Education in the 21st Century
- Back to School with the Class of Web 2.0 is a three-part overview of educational tools. It discusses amongst other topics, Online Gradebooks, Study Organizers. Part 3 covers Educational Blogging and Educational Podcasting.
- Recommendations as to the use of Creative Commons in schools by students, at http://innovateonline.info/index.php?view=article&id=251. By Howard Pitler.
- Open Source Software for Education: introduction by Shaheen E. Lakhan and Kavita Jhunjhunwala.
- Home Schooling Goes Mainstream: status in 2008 
- Amazing stories of openness in education: cases, testimonials
Blogs that monitor P2P-like developments in the world of learning and education are:
- The Connectivism blog , a new educational theory for the peer to peer age
- Ewan McIntosh understands the learning needs of the digital natives
- Open Content and Education blog , freeing educational content
- Flosse Posse  monitors the use of free and open software in the educational field
- OL Daily by Stephen Downes , monitors how online can help in the creation of a more open and participatory learning environment.
- eLearn Space blog , for discussion of eLearning developments
-  monitors learning theories and epistemology from a deeper historial and philosophical background, as it related to e-learning, warning for digital myth-making.
- Global Mentoring blog , bringing peers together for learning
- Will Richardson's Learning with the Read-Write Web
- The New Media Literacies blog, helping teachers to help children getting familiar with new media
- Open Courseware blog
- Open Education News
- Chris Lott's Ruminate
For directories of educational blogs, see
- Top 100 Education blogs
- The Edublog Awards of 2007
- The top 50 educational blogs by engagement, i.e. number of comments, links, etc...
- Links to School Bloggers: very extensive
- 100 recommended education blogs
- Education in the Creative Economy: Knowledge and Learning in the Age of Innovation. Edited by Daniel Araya & Michael A. Peters. Peter Lang, 2010. Collection of essays with a sizeable number of essays concentrating on p2p thematics.
- Knowing Knowledge. By George Siemens. An exploration of participative learning.
- Everything is Miscellaneous. By David Weinberger. How we are changing the way we organize knowledge.
- The Edu-factory Collective (eds) (2009) Toward a Global Autonomous University. Cognitive Labor, The Production of Knowledge, and Exodus from the Education Factory. New York: Autonomedia, 2009 
- Wikiworld: Political Economy of Digital Literacy, and the Road from Social to Socialist Media. Juha Suoranta - Tere Vadén. 
- The New Social Learning. by Tony Bingham and Marcia Conner: "quite simply, a must-read if you are in either responsible for learning in, or running, a business. In short, eloquent, and yet highly readable chapters, they cover both the natural ways we learn, and how the new technologies both support and enhance these capabilities." 
- Learning Networks. Linda Harasim et al.
- Opening Up Education: The Collective Advancement of Education through Open Technology, Open Content, and Open Knowledge. Editors Toru Iiyoshi and M. S. Vijay Kumar. MIT Press, 2008
- The Tower and The Cloud. Higher Education in the Era of Cloud Computer. Richard Katz, editor. Educause, 2008. URL of online edition at http://www.educause.edu/thetowerandthecloud/133998
- DIY U: Edupunks, Edupreneurs and the Coming Transformation of Higher Education. Anya Kamenetz. Chelsea Green, 2010 
- Alfie Kohn's work on democratic learning communities and intrinsic learning motivation is foundational, see booklist at http://www.alfiekohn.org/books.htm
- Howard Rheingold recommends Will Richardson’s excellent book, Blogs, Wikis, Podcasts and Other Powerful Web Tools for Classrooms
- The Future of Higher Education. By Parker Rossman. A 3-volune online book.
- Giving Knowledge Away for Free, OECD report about open educational resources
- Coming of Age: Terry Freedman on using the Web 2.0 in the classroom
- OLCOS 2012 Roadmap on Open Education Resources: excellent introduction and overview for European audience
- Educational Technology Conferences: Clayton R. Wright compiles the most comprehensive list of educational technology conferences.
See in particular:
- The Drumbeat Festival 2010 on "learning, freedom and the web" will feature many new informal learning initiatives (Barcelona, November 4-5, 2010)
- Future of Learning in a Networked World
- K12 Online
- David Wiley: http://www.opencontent.org/wiki/index.php?title=Intro_Open_Ed_Syllabus
- Teemu: http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Composing_free_and_open_online_educational_resources
- Leigh and Bron: http://wikieducator.org/Designing_for_flexible_learning_practice
- Bron: http://wikieducator.org/Evaluation_of_eLearning_for_Best_Practice
- George Siemens: http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/connectivism/
To read: George Siemens' Reflections on Open Courses
Stephen Downes recommends:
- Best educational use of a virtual world: Media Grid Immersive Education
- Best educational use of a social networking service: OU Course Profiles on Facebook
- Best educational wiki: WikiEducator
- Best educational use of video / visual: Civilization III and World History
- Best educational use of audio: iTunes University
- Best teacher blog: The Open Classroom
- Best resource sharing blog: Jane's E-Learning Pick of the Day
Read the reasons for the recommendations here at http://halfanhour.blogspot.com/2007/12/not-edublog-award-winners.html
- Journal of Virtual Worlds and Education: an academic peer-reviewed journal that will present the best writing and thinking available about Virtual Worlds and their applications and implications for the field of education
Key Podcasts and Webcasts
- David Wiley on the Open Education Movement
- Doc Searls on Free and Open Source in Education
- Exploring Wikis in Education
- Stephen Downes on Connective Knowledge
- A Vision of Students Today: a must watch!!
We recommend: Astra Taylor on the Experience of Unschooling: personal experiences of growing up home-schooled without a curriculum or schedule
Some of the comments are taken from the excellent list of Alec Courosa at http://educationaltechnology.ca/couros/1480
Good overview for beginners: Pia Waugh on Open Source Futures in Education
- Richard Baraniuk of Connexions on Open Source Learning and Textbooks
- Sir Ken Robinson on Do Schools Kill Creativity?, an excellent, humor filled 20 minute talk. Transcripts English and Dutch available too.
- Did You Know 3.0 - Widely viewed video by Karl Fisch and Scott McLeod that gives light to the changes imminent in our emerging knowledge-based society. This is an excellent video for framing and introducing the the new reality to students, teachers, faculty, and administrators.
- An Anthropological Introduction to Youtube - Professor Michael Wesch’s presentation to the Library of Congress, June 23rd, 2008. The video is over 55 minutes long but is informative and engaging throughout.
- A Vision of Students Today - Another excellent video by Michael Wesch and his group that summarizes some of the most important characteristics of students today.
- A Portal To Media Literacy - This is an excellent presentation by Michael Wesch held at the University of Manitoba. “During his presentation, the Kansas State University professor breaks down his attempts to integrate Facebook, Netvibes, Diigo, Google Apps, Jott, Twitter, and other emerging technologies to create an education portal of the future.”
Key Policy Statements
- The Capetown Open Education Declaration ; Critique by Stephen Downes; Response by David Wiley
- Make Textbooks Affordable
- Demos: Their Space: Education for a digital generation, 2010
- Free Software for Schools: a catalogue of open source computer programs for teaching and learning.
- A Free Learning Tool for Every Learning Problem? See the ZaidLearn Directory.
- Directory of Learning Tools: over 2,600 tools for learning, compiled by Jane Hart.
- A wiki on Gaming in Education, by John Evans
To Create Online Courses
Free-to-use software for creating online courses is now available. It was developed, and is being further developed, on the open source model by a worldwide network of educators and software designers. 
- Curriki: a global education and learning community devoted to creating free, open-source curricula.
- Moodle: a free, open source, and highly flexible course management system that allows educators to create their own online courses
Also the following related directories:
- More course authoring tools in this directory.
- Course and Learning Management Systems
- Learning games and simulation tools
- Mobile learning authoring tools
Here is a Study Pack Creator
Most Important Collaborative Learning Technologies
More Mini-Guides from Robin Good:
Here is a provisional list of courses related to social technology, which are being updated through this link in Delicious
- The Social Media Classroom (we’ll call it SMC) includes a free and open-source (Drupal-based) web service that provides teachers and learners with an integrated set of social media that each course can use for its own purposes—integrated forum, blog, comment, wiki, chat, social bookmarking, RSS, microblogging, widgets , and video commenting are the first set of tools. The Classroom also includes curricular material: syllabi, lesson plans, resource repositories, screencasts and videos. The Collaboratory (or Colab), is what we call just the web service part of it. Educators are encouraged to use the Colab and SMB materials freely, and we host your Colab communities if you don’t want to install your own.
- Social Media for Educational Networking: list of networks
- Eduforge is an open access environment designed for the sharing of ideas, research outcomes, open content and open source software for education.
- The OER Commons is an open learning network where teachers share learning materials.
- The Net Pedagogy Portal is a resource whose purpose is to increase understanding, knowledge, and awareness of the changing landscape of teaching and learning online.
- The Bazaar is a community portal for people who want to use, exchange and share Open Source Software and resources to support learning.
- 25 Tools every Learning Professional should have in their Toolbox 
- Directory of Social Networks for Learning Professionals: compiled by Janet Hart.
- Cool Collaborative Tools for School
Teaching and Learning Resources
- Indispensable ICT Tools for teachers
- If you want free access to online learning resources, check out this Massive Directory of Learning Resources available in Open Access
- The Free Curricula Center assists in producing and distributing university level curricula that can be copied freely and modified cooperatively. The Global Text Project and Wikiversity aim to provide free and open textbooks to students worldwide. OER Recommender links you to open education resources related to web pages you are browsing
- Here are more sites that offer free learning materials and online courses under Creative Commons: ADUni.org, on Computer Science; Berklee Shares, provides a library of free music lessons in audio, video, and print-ready formats; Creative Commons Education; Internet Archive Open Educational Resources; MIT OpenCourseWare: Video and Audio; MSRI Math Lectures; Ourmedia Learning Center, tutorials and guides for a wide range of user-generated media activities; University Channel,collection of public affairs lectures.
- Specifically for high school: National Repository of Online Courses; Hippocampus
- This Massive Resource List for Autodidacts offers a one page summary of free online education resources, such as those of MIT, plenty of free video tutorials, and the like. You can also use the Open CourseWare Finder
- Robin Good of Master New Media has compiled a list of freely available Video Tutorials, mostly of a technical nature, for those wanting to learn production and usage of social media.
- Here is a list of free podcasts and webcasts provided by U.S. universities.
- Infed is a key resource on informal education, including peer to peer mentoring
- Open Source CMS and LCMS: links to open source Course Management Systems (CMS) and Learning Content Management Systems (LCMS) aimed at the Higher Education market. Example: Online Teaching and Learning
- Moodle Learning Management System, specially designed to help educators create localized online courses with opportunities for rich interaction between educators and students from all over the world
- 100 Free Online Lectures, for teachers, contains many good videos
- Partial List of Online University Lecture Sites
Sindya Bhanoo: Top 10 recommended web tools for college students
- Notemesh allows student to share lecture notes per class.
- Pick A Prof is a really disruptive service to the old model of education. It allows students to find the grading histories of professors, and allows student to rate professors. See also: Rate My Professors
- StudyCurve helps middle school students find experts and study buddies
- The College FreeWay: a network for sharing notes, outlines, essays, problem sets, study guides and more. Users can search by university, course or type of document needed.
- Find student assessments of colleges and universities: Unigo — Yollege — College Prowler
- Cramster: an online study community offering homework help to college students
Resources at Shambles.net
- Guide to free software and Linux resources for education and schools.
- A listing of useful Mind Maps software
- Link pages on Web 2.0 resources for Learning ; #Research reports on the future of learning 
- List of University Wikies at http://universitywikinodewiki.wikia.com/wiki/University-wikis
- Main Unschooling Resources: collated by Chris Corrigan
- 50 places to read free books, 
- 35 tools for teachers, tutors, and students
- Cool Mind Mapping and Knowledge Organizing Tools for Schools
Recommended Instructional Videos
These are absolute must sees:
- The Machine is US: “Web 2.0 in just under 5 minutes”, explained by the Digital Ethnography Project at Kansas State University (Wesch). The video helps to illustrate important changes brought by Web 2.0 (read/write web, social web) as content and form became separated.
- RSS in Plain English; Howard Rheingold Introduces RSS
- Social Bookmarking in Plain English; Howard Rheingold Introduces Social Bookmarking
- Wikis in Plain English
- Social Networking in Plain English
- Online Photo Sharing in Plain English
- [[Blogs in Plain English
- Howard Rheingold on Making Stuff in Second Life
- How to Behave on an Internet Forum
Open Learning Content Initiatives
Open Textbooks Initiatives
- Flat World Knowledge
- Community College Open Textbook Collaborative
- Free Digital Textbook Initiative 
- OER Commons
- The Open Textbook Initiative, at http://wiki.bssd.org/index.php/Open_Content_Textbooks
Open Audio and Video of Lectures
P2P Hall of Fame
Who should be in our P2P Hall of Fame on Educational Theory?
Candidates are: George Siemens (connectivist learning theory); Jean-Francois Noubel  and Pierre Levy (collective intelligence); David Wiley (open content and open education); Stephen Downes  (e-learning); Alfred Kohn  (democratic learning communities); David Cormier's Rhizomatic Education
Candidates are: Lucy Hooberman's Mentoring Worldwide initiative