For Benefit Corporation Models

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  1. Social Business as described by Muhammad Yunus,
  2. Beneficial Corporations (B Corporations),
  3. Low Profit Limited Liability Companies (L3C) and the
  4. UK Community Interest Company (CIC) model.



"P-CED is now UK based as a profit-for-purpose company, since 2004. We conduct small business for profit in UK, and invest profits for social purpose under UK rules. This is somewhat similar to non-profit in the US, except we can conduct any business we see fit according to normal business rules without restrictions that bind non-profits or charities. We pay company and personal taxes according to usual business rules. Profits are not shielded in any way from normal taxation that any for-profit business has to pay. Whatever is left over is invested in the social purpose or purposes of our own choosing."