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From Wikipedia (emphasis Nicolas Stampf ):

Swaraj "(Hindi: स्वराज swa- "self", raj "rule") can mean generally self-governance or "self-rule", and was used synonymously with "home-rule" by Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati and later on by Mahatma Gandhi,[1] but the word usually refers to Gandhi's concept for Indian independence from foreign domination.[2] Swaraj lays stress on governance, not by a hierarchical government, but by self governance through individuals and community building. The focus is on political decentralisation.[3] Since this is against the political and social systems followed by Britain, Gandhi's concept of Swaraj advocated India's discarding British political, economic, bureaucratic, legal, military, and educational institutions.[4] S. Satyamurti, Chittaranjan Das and Motilal Nehru were among a contrasting group of Swarajists who laid the foundation for parliamentary democracy in India." (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swaraj Swaraj)

More Information

  • Some pages on the wiki to refer to Swaraj.
  • What is Swaraj? on the Swaraj Foundation website
  • Kumarappa Institute Of Gram Swaraj: The mission of this Institute is to act through realistic, innovative and sustainable interventions for building a capacity for Self Governance at grassroots level as propounded by Mahatma Gandhi in Gram Swaraj. Hence our primary objective is to empower the people through Gram Sabha (Rural Self-Governance System) and Institution building. Priority is given to women, children and socially and economically weaker sections viz., Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, small and marginal farmers. Working for the holistic and sustainable development of these people we can contribute to a more secure, equitable and prosperous society.