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By Maria Chehonadskih:

"Proletkult is a contraction of Proletarian Culture and Enlightenment Organisations. It was a mass organisation of scientific, educational and art societies for the proletariat, existing from 1917 to 1932. Proletkult was established by Bogdanov and Lunacharskii after the February Revolution in 1917. Bogdanov’s concept of ‘proletarian culture’ formed a basis for Proletkult ideology. He insisted on the autonomy of the proletariat from the party and believed that its culture should be developed in order to replace bourgeois culture and science. Proletkult had art studios, clubs and various educational institutions, but it completely lost its autonomy in 1922, and was reorganised into the associations of proletarian writers, artists, musicians and drama study. By the end of 1920s, most of Proletkult’s associations had become conservative Stalinist supporters." (


"His articles on nature, agriculture and communist farming exist only in Russian version. I will name juts a few of them. Earth’s Repair (1920), Revolutionary War Council of the Earth (1921), Earth Cheka (Black Revolutionary War Council) (1922), About the Liquidation of Agricultural Catastrophes (1923), Struggle with A Desert (1924). See: Andrei Platonov. Fabrika Literaturi. Literaturnaya Kritika i Publitzistika, Tom 8, [‘The Factory of Literature’, Literary Criticism and Journalism, Volume 8]. Moskva, 2011; Andrei Platonov. Sochineniya. Tom 1: 1918-1927, Kniga 2: Stat'I [Complete Works. Volume 1: 1918-1927, Book 2: Articles], Moskva, 2004. However, occasionally these topics appear in Chevengur, Dzhan (Soul) and other works of fiction. It seems that there is only one source in English. See: Christopher W. Harwood. ‘Human Soul of an Engineer: Andrei Platonov's Struggle with Science and Technology’, PhD, New York, 2000." (