On Self-Organizing Systems and Their Environment

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* Article: ON SELF-ORGANIZING SYSTEMS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTS. Heinz Von Förster. In: Self-Organizing Systems. M.C. Yovits and S. Cameron (eds.), Pergamon Press, London, pp. 31–50 (1960).

URL = https://organism.earth/library/document/on-self-organizing-systems


"An adaptation of an address given at The Interdisciplinary Symposium on Self-Organizing Systems in Chicago, Illinois. Von Förster argues self-organizing systems don’t exist in isolation but require an environment to draw energy and order from. He defines measures of order and mechanisms whereby order arises, including via internal "demons" that decrease system entropy and external "demons" that increase maximum possible entropy. Overall, some noise helps systems remain adaptable."