Gross Data Product

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Gunther Pauli:

"Academia have established criteria for the importance of “data” in the overall economy. This has lead to the ranking of world’s top “Gross Data Product” producers, according to four criteria:

Volume: Absolute amount of broadband consumed by a country, as a proxy for the raw data generated.

Usage: Number of users active on the internet, as a proxy for the breadth of usage behaviors, needs and contexts.

Accessibility: Institutional openness to data flows as a way to assess whether the data generated in a country permits wider usability and accessibility by multiple AI researchers, innovators, and applications.

Complexity: Volume of broadband consumption per capita, as a proxy for the sophistication and complexity of digital activity." (