= a German Amazon-like online marketplace, owned and governed by its users, who are also its shareholders
" Fairmondo, a member-owned digital cooperative that enables people to sell ethical products. Launched 2013 in Germany, Fairmondo is now going global.
Fairmondo is rooted in an ethos of open source, open innovation, and a commons-based society. It has funded itself through a series of successful crowdfunding campaigns that have raised hundreds of thousands of Euros in member equity.
To scale up, Weth and the Fairmondo team plan to use a federated model where co-ops are started in countries around the world to be part of a global network of country-based co-ops feeding into the platform. In this way, they hope to leverage local expertise to enter new markets while spreading the wealth even further.
While Fairmondo has only just begun creating the federation, there’s a solid team in place to realize their vision of Co-op 2.0. As pioneers in the movement toward democratic platforms, which benefit the workers and the members above all, Fairmondo is paving the way for other entrepreneurs and changemakers." (http://www.shareable.net/blog/qa-with-felix-weth-of-fairmondo-the-platform-co-op-thats-taking-on-ebay)
The interview of co-founder Felix Weth was conducted by Chelsee Rustrum for Shareable:
"* Chelsea Rustrum: How did you originally fund Fairmondo and how are you sustaining it now? Did the crowdfunders automatically become members or was that a separate process? How does all of this work legally?
Felix Weth: We originally funded Fairmondo through crowdfunding, using a platform to distribute coop-shares. The crowdfunding platform thereby provided an escrow service—they collected the membership applications and once our campaign had successfully ended, they handed the applications to us. We thus applied the requirements of German cooperative law to the crowdfund. Since then, we regularly do a membership campaign. Today, our monthly costs are covered through income from fees and subscriptions by customers.
We used the German platform startnext.com. With them, we developed a solution of how we could crowdfund coop shares through their platform. Two examples are (both still under our former name Fairnopoly): startnext.com/fairnopoly and startnext.com/fairnopoly2
So far, we’ve done two campaigns for raising member shares. Another one is scheduled this spring.
* What is your business structure in Germany and what would it be in the U.S. if you localized here as well?
Fairmondo is registered as a cooperative, according to German law. In order to preserve our vision even if the project grows big, we developed a set of principles and bylaws that we call "Cooperative 2.0". They consist of seven core elements, which any new Fairmondo chapter needs to adapt. Among those are mechanisms to ensure democratic ownership and accountability, as well as an uncompromising commitment to transparency. Internally, local coops are largely free to adapt their preferred modes of operation. In Germany we are adapting a holacracy type of process.
Here are the seven core elements of Cooperative 2.0:
- 9/10 people have to agree to change anything in the general principles
- Democratic accountability to all stakeholders
- Independence of individual vested interests
- Uncompromising transparency
- Distributed profits (see 4/4 profit distribution model)
- The magic of the crowd
- Open source
* What is your management model?
There is no specific management model attached to Fairmondo's coop 2.0 model. In accordance with German coop law, we have a managing board that is responsible (and liable) for running the company. Formally, this board takes decisions and is free to set up internal organizational processes.
The one thing that is special in our model is that the managing board is elected by the employees. This enables employees to elect a new board if they do not support the management style implemented by the existing board, or if they feel they do not get sufficient voice in the design of these processes. Combined with the principle of uncompromising transparency, employees are thus empowered to make sure that the company is run in a way they are comfortable with.
The managing board knows it can be replaced by the employees, so it has a direct incentive to work for an open and respectful organizational culture and to listen to their needs, suggestions and critique. Which specific style or model suits the needs of the team best, is really left to the people in place.
In our coop back in Germany, we are in the process of introducing a holacracy variant, because it comes closest to what we have been practising so far. But this can change when people change, when organizational growth requires different solutions, or when we learn of new useful management models.
* How do you pay your employees? Do you feel they are adequately compensated or does that come once there is a surplus?
Right now we work on a very limited budget and this forces us to work with very moderate salaries. We did and do communicate this constraint on our job ads and interviews. At one moment we did have to reduce our team, which at the time was mainly paid through the starting capital we raised in our crowdfunding campaign. We then had to restructure into a setup that is covered by our monthly income.
As we have monthly presentations of our budget situation with the team, everybody was aware of this. The restructuring was then a quite difficult process in which we brought employees' needs, business needs, and budget limitations into a balance that worked for us. Also, Fairmondo is supported by many volunteers (including the managing board), and some employees choose to work more time than they are paid for.
In order to compensate for this, our Cooperative 2.0 model uses a special "Fair Founding Point" system. For every unpaid hour contributed to Fairmondo, members receive an equal number of 200 points. These points are registered in the bylaws and entitle those members to an extra share of the surplus once the cooperative works successfully enough to actually make one.
* Can you please explain your four-pronged approach for distributing surplus?
Fairmondo aims at very broad membership (We now have over 2,000 members, if successful it should have hundreds of thousands.). We therefore defined very clearly what should happen with any surplus in case our business grows big:
- One quarter is distributed to members through their shares
- One quarter is distributed through the Fair Founding Points just mentioned
- One quarter goes as donations to nonprofits that the users decide on
- The last quarter is used for developing the wider Fairmondo project"