Eight Design Principles for Common Pool Resource Systems
From the Wikipedia:
Ostrom is considered one of the leading scholars in the study of common pool resources. In particular, Ostrom's work emphasizes how humans interact with ecosystems to maintain long-term sustainable resource yields. Common pool resources include many forests, fisheries, oil fields, grazing lands, and irrigation systems. She conducted her field studies on the management of pasture by locals in Africa and irrigation systems management in villages of western Nepal. Ostrom's work has considered how societies have developed diverse institutional arrangements for managing natural resources and avoiding ecosystem collapse in many cases, even though some arrangements have failed to prevent resource exhaustion. Her current work emphasizes the multifaceted nature of human–ecosystem interaction and argues against any singular "panacea" for individual social-ecological system problems.
- Clearly defined boundaries (effective exclusion of external unentitled parties);
- Rules regarding the appropriation and provision of common resources are adapted to local conditions;
- Collective-choice arrangements allow most resource appropriators to participate in the decision-making process;
- Effective monitoring by monitors who are part of or accountable to the appropriators;
- There is a scale of graduated sanctions for resource appropriators who violate community rules;
- Mechanisms of conflict resolution are cheap and of easy access;
- The self-determination of the community is recognized by higher-level authorities;
- In the case of larger common-pool resources: organization in the form of multiple layers of nested enterprises, with small local CPRs at the base level."
Three more Commons Governance Principles that are necessary to insure inclusion
Translated by Pascale Garbaye:
"A social aspiration to an equitable development of capabilities motivates collective action
- The aim is real access to the resource based on equity and attention to the most helpless and vulnerable. Access is reflected in practice by the allocated rights regulating access to the resource
- a local and deliberative mode of governance involving the persons who are committed (procedural freedom) and founded on democratic solidarity based on the recognition of the other as different but equal in dignity.
- the resource under a common capability ("social resource") contributes to capabilities and is the subject of a shared judgment about utility, desirability and a vow of fair staffing constructed through deliberation
Public authorities promoting the procedural freedom of the players and adopting a posture of co-construction, in addition to the meta-institutional recognition of the rules of the common (Ostrom, 1990)"
Proposed by Geneviève Fontaine
- Review (french) in: http://www.bibliobsession.net/2017/11/08/communs-de-capabilites-chainon-manquant/
- Original reproduced at Commons of Capability