Thermodynamic Cradle-to-Cradle Assessment of the Earth's Mineral Resources
* Book: Thanatia: The Destiny of the Earth's Mineral Resources. A Thermodynamic Cradle-to-Cradle Assessment. By Antonio Valero Capilla and Alicia Valero Delgado. World Scientific, 2014
"Is Gaia becoming Thanatia, a resource exhausted planet? For how long can our high-tech society be sustained in the light of declining mineral ore grades, heavy dependence on un-recycled critical metals and accelerated material dispersion? These are all root causes of future disruptions that need to be addressed today.
This book presents a cradle-to-cradle view of the Earth's abiotic resources through a novel and rigorous approach based on the Second Law of Thermodynamics: heat dissipates and materials deteriorate and disperse. Quality is irreversibly lost. This allows for the assessment of such depletion and can be used to estimate the year where production of the main mineral commodities could reach its zenith. By postulating Thanatia, one acquires a sense of destiny and a concern for a unified global management of the planet's abiotic resource endowment.
The book covers the core aspects of geology, geochemistry, mining, metallurgy, economics, the environment, thermodynamics and thermochemistry. It is supported by comprehensive databases related to mineral resources, including detailed compositions of the Earth's layers, thermochemical properties of over 300 substances, historical energy and mineral resource inventories, energy consumption and environmental impacts in the mining and metallurgical sector and world recycling rates of commodities."
The Threads: Minerals, Economy and Thermodynamics:
The Depletion of Non-Renewable Abiotic Resources
Economic versus Thermodynamic Accounting
From Thermodynamics to Economics and Ecology
Physical Geonomics: A Cradle-Grave-Cradle Approach for Mineral Depletion Assessment
Over the Rainbow: From Nature to Industry:
The Geochemistry of the Earth
The Resources of the Earth
An Introduction to Mining and Metallurgy
Metallurgy of Key Minerals
Down the Rainbow: From Grave to Cradle:
Thermodynamics of Mineral Resources
Thanatia and the Crepuscular Earth Model
The Exergy of the Earth and Its Mineral Resources
The Exergy Replacement Costs of Mineral Wealth
The Exergy Evolution of Mineral Wealth
Tying the Rainbows: Towards a Rational Management of Resources:
The Challenge of Resource Depletion
The Principles of Resource Efficiency