Progressive Utilization Theory

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Sohail Inayatullah:

"The principles of Sarkar's good society are developed in his comprehensive theory: the Progressive Utilization Theory, or PROUT. [4] PROUT attempts to balance the need for societies to create both wealth and grow as well the requirements for distribution. To achieve this, an integral part of the PROUTist vision is to create income floors and ceilings progressively indexed to aggregate economic growth. Thus wealth will not be hoarded and thereby underutilized or misutilized, as in the case of global stock markets. However, unlike socialist utopias, which argues for equality, PROUT accepts individual differences and the desire of individuals to own limited property and goods as well as the key role of incentives in spurring technological innovation and economic growth. And unlike Green perspectives focused solely on equilibrium, PROUT is focused on prama, or dynamic balance, or progressive sustainability.

Sarkar along with others, has initiated PROUT movements throughout the world. Although the self-reliant, cultural people's movements are still small, he believes eventually they will reach a critical size and then pose a significant challenge to the present world system.

These movements are active throughout the world, organizing women, students, workers, farmers, professionals as well as other groups and classes against the injustices and inequities of the present system. Demands, for example, include 100% employment for local people; laws against the export of local raw materials; laws against the import of manufactured goods which can be produced locally; primacy of local languages in offices and schools; land reforms; rights for animals as well as concern for the long term care of the environment; and support for local music, writing, art and dance.

In the Philippines, for example, one social movement,Kasama participated in the ouster of Marcos and in the removal of foreign military bases from the Philippines. In India, Amra Bengali has contested various local elections and has established cooperatives throughout the region.

Thus through the creation and legitimation of globally-oriented, yet regionally and locally -based spiritual, cultural and economic movements - and, through the ensuing dialectical conflict that these anti-systemic movements will engender as they reconceptualize polities and economies, Sarkar sees the eventual demise of capitalism and communism." (

More Information

  1. Economic_Democracy_in_Action
  2. Dada_Maheshvarananda_about_Prout