Macrohistory and Macrohistorians

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* Book: Macrohistory and Macrohistorians: Perspectives on Individual, Social and Civilizational Change. By Johan Galtung and Sohail Inayatullah. Praeger, London, 1997


“Through an analysis of the theories of macrohistory of such luminaries as Ssu-Ma Ch’ien, St. Augustine, Ibn Khaldun, Giambatista Vico, Adam Smith, G.W.F. Hegel, Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer, Vilfredo Pareto, Max Weber, Rudolf Steiner, Oswald Spengler, Teilhard de Chardin, Pitirim Sorokin, Arnold Toynbee, Antonio Gramsci, Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar, and Riane Eisler, authors/editors Johan Galtung and Sohail Inayatullah articulate a new theory of macrohistory, of grand social change.

They argue that a complete macrohistory is one that has linear, cyclical and transcendental dimensions. A complete macrohistory theorizes and describes why and how collectivities move through space and time. Galtung and Inayatullah argue that the real use of macrohistory is to not only find meaning in the past so as to create new possibilities of meaning for the future, but to reduce suffering – macrohistory is essentially about understanding and changing the human condition."



An Introduction to Macrohistory and Macrohistorians by Johan Galtung

Twenty Macrohistorians: A Presentation, edited by Sohail Inayatullah

Macrohistorians Compared: Toward a Theory of Macrohistory by Sohail Inayatullah

Macrohistorians Combined: Toward Eclecticism by Johan Galtung

Social Macrohistory as Metaphor for Personal Macrohistory by Johan Galtung

Social Macrohistory as Metaphor for World Macrohistory by Johan Galtung

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