Freedom Question

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* Book: The Rational Human Condition. Vol. 2: Deep freedom and real persons: a study in metaphysics. By Robert Hanna. Nova Science Pub., 2018


Contextual Quote

"What is free will? What is practical agency? What is human personhood? And how are human free will, practical agency, and human personhood really possible in the natural world as it is correctly characterized by the modern natural sciences, especially physics, chemistry, biology, and cognitive neuroscience? Or more compactly put: given the truth of modern science, how is human free agency really possible? Let us call this the freedom question. In this book, I provide what I think is a rationally decisive and true answer to the freedom question."

- Robert Hanna [1]


From the publisher:

"Robert Hanna’s THE RATIONAL HUMAN CONDITION is a five-volume book series, including:

 Volume 1. Preface and General Introduction, Supplementary Essays, and General Bibliography

 Volume 2. Deep Freedom and Real Persons: A Study in Metaphysics

 Volume 3. Kantian Ethics and Human Existence: A Study in Moral Philosophy

 Volume 4. Kant, Agnosticism, and Anarchism: A Theological-Political Treatise

 Volume 5. Cognition, Content, and the A Priori: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind and Knowledge

The fifth volume in the series, Cognition, Content, and the A Priori, was published by Oxford University Press in 2015. So, with the present publication of the first four volumes in the series by Nova Science in 2019, all five volumes of THE RATIONAL HUMAN CONDITION are now available in hard-copy and as e-books. All five books share a common aim, which is to work out a true general theory of human rationality in a thoroughly non-ideal natural and social world. This philosophical enterprise is what Hanna calls rational anthropology. In the eleventh and most famous of his Theses on Feuerbach, Karl Marx wrote that “philosophers have only interpreted the world in different ways; the point is to change it.”

Hanna completely agrees with Marx that the ultimate aim of philosophy is to change the world, not merely interpret it. So, Marx and Hanna are both philosophical liberationists: that is, they both believe that philosophy should have radical political implications. But, beyond Marx, Hanna also thinks that the primary aim of philosophy (understood as rational anthropology)and its practices of synoptic reflection, writing, teaching, and public conversation is to change lives for the better — and ultimately, for the sake of the highest good. Then, and only then, can the human race act upon the world in the right way. The first four volumes of THE RATIONAL HUMAN CONDITION will therefore appeal not only to philosophers, but also to any other philosophically-minded person interested in the intellectual and practical adventure of synoptic, reflective thinking about the nature of our rational, but still ineluctably “human, all -too- human” lives."