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Jenny Koho:

"A new view for production methods was introduced in UNCED meeting in Rio 1992 when the term eco-efficiency was launched. The core idea of ecoefficiency is to do more with less. In business terms this means making more money and utility with less energy and material input. This results in less waste, pollution, and less cost. Eco-efficiency can be understood as an efficiency with which human needs are fulfilled by using natural resources or as a proportion of output and input where eco-efficiency is the value of products or services divided with environmental impacts caused by the economic activity. (Gustafsson 2005, 127; Penttinen 2010, 32.)" (