Alex Pazaitis

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Alex Pazaitis is researcher at the Ragnar Nurkse Department of Innovation and Governance, Tallinn University of Technology and core member of P2P Lab. He holds a PhD in Technology Governance and is leading parts of the COSMOLOCALISM and CENTRINNO projects Alex has extensive experience from research and innovation projects and project management, and has worked as a consultant for private and public organizations. His research interests include digital commons; theory of value, innovation policy; cooperativism; and distributed ledger technologies.

  • e-mail: alex.pazaitis (AT); alexandros.pazaitis (AT)



  • Kostakis, V., Pazaitis, A., and Liarokapis, M. (2023). Beyond high-tech versus low-tech: A tentative framework for sustainable urban data governance. Big Data and Society, 10(1) (text)
  • Pazaitis, A., Kostakis, V., and Drechsler, W. (2022). Towards a theory of value as a commons. International Journal of the Commons, 16(1): 248-262. (text)
  • Robra, B., Pazaitis, A., and Latoufis, K. (2021). Counter-hegemonic decision premises in commons-based peer production: A degrowth case study. ΤripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, 19(2): 343-370. (text)
  • Pazaitis, A., and Kostakis, V., (2021). Are the most influential websites peer-produced or price-incentivized? Organizing value in the digital economy. Organization, 00(0), 1-13. (text)
  • Kostakis, V., and Pazaitis, A. (2020). Who Creates Value? Insights on Value Theory From the Last Dance. Halduskultuur: The Estonian Journal of Administrative Culture and Digital Governance, 21(1), 76-85. (text)
  • Pazaitis, A., Kostakis, V., Kallis, G., and Troullaki, K. (2020). Should We Look for a Hero to Save Us from the Coronavirus? The Commons as an Alternative Trajectory for Social Change. TripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, 18(2): 613-621. (text)
  • Pazaitis, A. (2020). Breaking the chains of open innovation: Post-blockchain and the case of Sensorica. Information, 11(2): 104. (text)
  • Pazaitis, A., De Filippi, P., and Kostakis, V. (2017). Blockchain and value systems in the sharing economy: The illustrative case of Backfeed, Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 125: 105-115. (text)
  • Pazaitis, A., Kostakis, V., and Bauwens, M. (2017). Digital economy and the rise of open cooperativism: The case of the Enspiral Network. Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research. 23(2): 177-192. (text)
  • Giotitsas, C., Pazaitis, A., and Kostakis, V. (2015). A peer-to-peer approach to energy production. Technology in Society, 42: 28-38. (text)


  • Bauwens, M., Kostakis, V., & Pazaitis, A. (2019). Peer to Peer: The Commons Manifesto. London, UK: Westminster University Press. Free E-book available (text)

Chapters and others

  • Pazaitis, A. and Drechsler, W. (2021). Peer Production and State Theory: Envisioning a Cooperative Partner State. In M. O'Neil, C. Pentzold, & S. Toupin (Eds.), The Handbook of Peer Production (pp. 359-370). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons, Inc. (text)
  • Pazaitis, A. and Bauwens, M. (2020). New roles of citizens, markets and the state for an open-source agricultural revolution. In: J.L. Vivero Pol, T. Ferrado, O. De Schutter, & U. Mattei (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Food as a Commons (pp. 70-84). New York: Routledge. (text)
  • Bauwens, M. and Pazaitis, A. (2019). P2P Accounting for planetary survival: Towards a P2P infrastructure for a socially-just circular society. A joint publication between the P2P Foundation, Guerrilla Foundation and Schoepflin Foundation. (text)
  • Bauwens, M., Kostakis, V., & Pazaitis, A. (2016). Towards a society of the commons. In W. Baier, E. Canepa & E. Himmelstoss (Eds.), Transformative Strategies: European Network for Alternative Thinking and Political Dialogue. London: The Merlin Press. (text)