Chronology of Western Philosophy
* Chronology of (Western) Philosophy in Antiquity
Source : Le monde de Sophie, Jostein Gardner, an initiation into the history of philosophy
- 700 BC: Homer and Hesiod transcribe Greek myths
- 570 BC: Xenophanes says: "men are the inventions of myths"
- 6th cy BC: the pre-Socratic philosophers of nature:
- Thales: water - Anaxemander: Infinity - Anaximene:,570-526 BC, "air"
- 5th cy BC
- Parmenides, 515-450 BC, philosophy of Being, 'nothing ever changes' - Heraclitus, 540-480 BC, "everything changes" - Empedocles, 490-430 BC - 4 root substances never change - 2 substances make them change - Anaxagoras, 500-428 BC: the universe consists of holographic seeds, moved by the intellect (nous) - Democritus, 460-370 BC, atomistic materialism - First historians: Herodotus (484-424 BC) and Thucydidas (460-400 BC) - First doctors: Hippocrates , 460 BC - Protagoras (485-410 BC) and the Sophists : "man is the measure of all things" - Socrates (470-399 BC): "know yourself"
- 4th cy BC
- Plato, 427-347 BC - Aristoteles, 384-322 BC
- Hellenism, 4th cy BC to 4th cy AD
- 1) The Cynics:
- Antisthenes, 400 BC - Diogenes (Alexander's Time)
- 2) The Stoics
- Zenon, 300 BC - Marcus Aurelius, 121-180 AD - Cicero, 106-43 BC - Seneca, 4 C-65 AD
- 3) The Epicurians
- Epicurus, 341-270 BC
- 4) The Neoplatonists
- Plotinus, 205-270 AD