Triple-Free Software

From P2P Foundation
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Tere Vaden distinguishes Four Stages of Freedom, from Closed to Single, Double and Triple-Free, which can also be applied to the conditions of free software development.

Graphic at


Tere Vaden:

"triple-free peer production (whether in free software, media, education...) includes the ownership of the means of production down to the level of electricity, the physical infra etc. I'm thinking of Gandhi in South-Africa: when he with his colleagues wanted to start a newspaper highlighting the racial/economic/legal issues, they could not get it printed (economy + censorship), so they bought a printing press and moved with it to the country where they grew their own food & wrote & published. I'm thinking that something like this might in the long run be necessary if we want to escape the dependency & falling back of peer production to waged labour."

More Information

Stefan Merten sees a congruence between the above formulation and his own Germ Form Theory, especially step five. See at