Three Stages of Freedom

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Characteristics Media Education

Exchange value

Vehicle and content controlled



Media as corporate business

Economic utility, control of content (business logic)


Education as an ideological state apparatus

Economic utility, control of content (educational policy) Learning as having Prolonged exchange value of well-educated citizens 

First stage of freedom

Economic Utility, limited collaboration

Market sphere, entrepreneurship, multicultural capitalism, liberal communism

Limited autonomy ofcontent "Sharing"

Web 2.0

YouTube, Google, CitizenTV, Adbusters, Yahoo Answers, Knol ...


Educational content business

Teachers and students as commodifed semi-objects

(knowledge creators, consumers)



Use value/value in itself

Full autonomy of content, limited autonomy of vehicle


Media as collaboration

Wikis, Linux, P2P

"Access to the Internet power of the soviets"


Education as collaboration

Freire, Selbstentfaltung

Learning as being Refective uncertainty


Value inseparable from the world, Aristotelian finalities

Full autonomy of content and vehicle

Promoting other than materially-driven life forms "Communist"

Immediate media practices

Wikipedia ecological autonomy  control of resources

"Electricity access to the Internet  power of the soviets" Tosltoy farm (Gandhi)

"Deschooling society"(Illich)

Learning by doing, native skills

Students and teachers as human beings, "life-long learners" in an existential sense

Education as commons