"The Sendai Framework reflects the certainty that in an ever more populous, networked and globalizing society, the very nature and scale of risk has changed, to such a degree that it surpasses established risk management institutions and approaches. Recent events - such as large-scale prolonged droughts and heatwaves, financial and commodity market crashes, large scale and long term human migration, cybervulnerabilities and political upheavals - carry the potential to generate diverse types of damage and destruction simultaneously, to vital infrastructure and even to the life support systems of very large parts of societies and economies.
With non-linear change in hazard intensity and frequency a reality, and now threatening all three dimensions of sustainable development, the imperative for greater ambition and accelerated systemic action pre-2030 to converge with the Sendai Framework is clear. The Sendai Framework compels new conceptual and analytical approaches to improve understanding and management of risk dynamics and risk drivers at a range of spatial and temporal scales. It requires particular emphasis on the interaction among physical, technological, social and environmental hazards, and attention to “anthropogenic metabolism”. (Anthropogenic metabolism means the systemic interaction between humans and the environment that consists of the inputs, outputs and stock of materials and energy required to sustain physiological needs for food, air, water and shelter, as well as the products, substances and services necessary to sustain modern human life.
It emerges from the application of systems thinking to industrial and other human-made activities, and is central to sustainable development.) Technical communities use models to better “see” risk in the present or near future, and so the view of risk is inherently shaped by the tools used to describe it. Most models have been based on historical data and observations, assuming that the past is a reasonable guide to the present and the future. That assumption is now rendered obsolete on almost every frontier: by the sheer number of human beings, never before seen on Earth; by the changing climate; and by the dynamic and global connectedness of biological and physical worlds, individuals and communities." (https://gar.unisdr.org/sites/default/files/chapter/2019-06/chapter_2.pdf)