Free Production

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From Patrick Anderson's User Owned theory perspective:

Free Production is a true Mode Of Production that recovers the Costs of Physical Sources while using Free Design for all Virtual Sources.

Free Production is not just Free Hardware, because that term is limited to the 'virtual' or 'soft' or universal portion of things.

Free Production is therefore about completing and complementing the ideals of Free Software by addressing the physical, tangible, fungible properties of Space, Time, Mass and Energy required to finally begin real Peer Production in a "Free as in Freedom" manner.


User Freedoms

A list of Freedoms analogous to the Software Freedoms defined by the Free Software Foundation at

"Free Production" is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of "free" as in "free speech," not as in "free beer."

Free Production is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the product. More precisely, it refers to four kinds of freedom, for the users of the product:

  • The freedom to use the product, for any purpose (freedom 0).
  • The freedom to study how the product works, and adapt it to your needs (freedom 1). Access to the Physical Sources and Virtual Sources is a precondition for this.
  • The freedom to redistribute other instances of this product so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
  • The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3). Access to the Physical Sources and Virtual Sources is a precondition for this.

Possible Applications

  • Social Networking Website where all users become partial owners of the Physical Sources required for that hosting.
  • Agriculture where the collective consumers hold the debt burden and have full control.
  • Restaurant where customers become parital owners whenever they pay Price Above Cost.
  • Local government where each citizen has divisible (the right to secede) ownership weighted by the amount they chose to pay toward that Public Utility instead of Tax.
  • OTHER APPLICATIONS (must work in all cases)


This is a rough idea. What is wrong, and what is right? -- Ownut 14:21, 21 April 2008 (PDT)