What the P2P Foundation Did in 2014

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Discussion

Part 1: from Open Cooperativism to the Commons Transition Plan

This overview is meant to be for the P2P Foundation as a network but this first part focuses on my own activities, which is the aspect I know best.

My two strategic priorities for 2014 were the following:

  • to contribute to the convergence between the open/p2p modes of production, and the cooperative/social/solidarity economy mode of production, and their respective social movements;
  • to continue the work around a commons transition, following the experience in Ecuador with the floksociety.org project


In 2014, I continued to work on the convergence of the open/commons and cooperative movements, and I believe we made really substantial progress on this.

This convergence was prepared in late 2013 with my participation as attendee, speaker and scientific adviser to the Rencontre du Mont Blancs meeting 7-8 November 2014. This is a french network for the Social and Solidarity Economy. Following this event, we continued our conversations within that network, and met with the Frederic Sultan, Nicole Alix, and J-M Bancel, and others, to continue working at the institutional level. This will likely culminate in workshops in the spring and fall of 2015.

A separate line of communication and dialogue went through the english cooperative network, with members such as Pat Conaty, Robin Murray, Ed Mayo and Canadians like Margie Mendell, Mike Lewis, John Restakis. This network is now in alignment for this convergence. One of the highlights of 2014 was the ability to work very closely with John Restakis and many of his policy papers for the Ecuadorian FLOK project, also reflect this convergence. John is a great cooperative thinker and as he is influenced by p2p/commons thinking so am I influenced by his ideas on the Cooperative Commonwealth (also beautifully expressed by Pat Conaty). The dialogue with and within this network culminated in the open cooperativism deep dive in September in Berlin, which I co-organized with David Bollier, and in the subsequent 3-day 'movement of movements convergence' in Meisse, also co-organized with David Bollier. It was also the theme of a very well diffused lecture during the Degrowth conference, in which Silke Helfrich was an active co-organizer for the material on the commons. Finally, we organized a three day collaborative convergence festival, organized by the P2P Foundation and myself with the assistance of Kevin Flanagan and the participation of John Restakis, in the We Create green fablab at the Cloughjordan ecovillage in Ireland, which attracted many Irish nationals, especially young people. I was really very enthusiastic to see this green fab lab at work. Imagine in the middle of green Ireland, several dozens of smart and committed people!

Separate from the general dialogue and movement convergence, we also paid close attention to the development of systemic proposals, which can co-create an eco-system in which the open, cooperative and 'sustainability' aspects can co-exist.

The first such project is the creation of a commons-based reciprocity license or copyfair, which has received the endorsement of various activists, including legal experts, particularly in France (such as Lionel Maurel and Primavera de Filippi). We have created a network of interested parties, both experts and a dozen economic entities who are interested in the implementation of the license. We have run into funding issues to responsibly craft this license, but are committed to rewrite that license soon without funding.

The second project in the context of open cooperatism, is the creation of a commons-centric crypto currency for the cooperative commons, i.e. Faircoin. To this effect, we have aligned ourselves in a strategic partnership with the Catalan Integral Cooperative, and the fair.coop eco-system, which includes the use of the faircoin currency [1], has been launched this fall, with crucial cooperation from P2P Foundation associates in Catalonia and Madrid. We have been invited in the second half of April 2015 for more joint collaboration on this topic.


The second priority concerned the advancement of political and policy thinking around the commons transition.

The highlight was of course my participation, along with P2P Foundation network associates, such as John Restakis, as research director for the FLOK transition project in Ecuador. Other 'p2p-f' participants were George Dafermos, and Janice Figueiredo.

For the first time in history a commons transition plan was produced, accompanied by 18 legislative proposals and a dozen pilot projects. While the execution of the FLOK project is momentarily (or for a longer time) stalled at the nation-state level, the Commons Transition Plan has been consulted by nearly 65k viewers on the floksociety.org site; influenced the crafting of the Lemoine report on the digital economy in France; and is already cited as a reference.

The most promising concrete project is the open agricultural machining project in Sigchos district. The committed mayor has bought 2,200 ha. of land for experimentation, nominated a 'sustainable development' director, and with the help of an associate send there to assist in the planning , i.e. Kate Swade of Shared Assets, a full planning was set up, which includes a summer school process in the summer of 2015. The proposals are presently in process for funding by the SENESCYT innovation agency, but whatever outcome there, the mayor is committed to carry out this project.

After the final production in Ecuador itself, we continued working with the CTP as a reference for commons-oriented policy-making and political convergence. A 2 day workshop was organized with the assistance of the Reseaux Francophones des Communs, in la Bergerie, with French and Spanish commoners on September 22-23. This was followed by participation in a What the FLOK festival in Marseille (October 2-5), and a 10-day to Athens, Greece, which consisted of three workshops with cooperative/commons activist groups, one public lecture, and three workshops with Syriza officials, which were considered very successful by the organizers and the Nikos Poulantzas Institute. Being able to influence, or rather to open up to commons thinking, the new generation of transformative parties is high on my wishlist.

This work will continue with a visit in April 2015 to the Catalan Integral Cooperative, which will work on a civic transition towards the commons.

We have also carried out communication and publishing work, with the launch of an international website, commonstransition.org, and an ebook, will be available before the end of year or just after New Year, with the help of Stacco Troncoso, Ann Marie Utratel and Guy James of Guerrilla Translation. Both will contain new versions of the Commons Transition Plan and the policy papers on the civic economy and the partner state, to make them more useful for a generic use outside of Ecuador. The papers are also already available. A full three months (and a half) of lectures and workshops was used for communication and diffusion of the FLOK and further commons transition efforts, in the fall.

One of the hightlights of this trip was definitely visiting the 'Tiers Lieux Open Source' in Lille, i.e. meeting great Ouishare activists like Simon Sarazin and collaborative coworking spaces like Coroutine and Mutualab, where you can feel that the new p2p and collaboration driven culture is taking shape.

In addition, the P2P Foundation has been able to hire a full-time assistant since October 2014, i.e. Kevin Flanagan, to strengthen the organizational capacity of the P2P Foundation. We have now introduced professional governance software, Loomio, as a organizational and governance tool.

The post-flok transition work has a particular potential in urban settings and we started a first cooperation with the Co-Manua project in Italy, looking forward to further cooperation in the future.

We very actively continued our generic communication about the commons economy:

  • The wiki of the P2P Foundation now has 20k articles, which have been viewed 27,385,944 times. The audience of the blog is estimated to be 100k per month. We have been able to collect 160 references to public lectures in 2014; and 80 video recordings, with appearances for Dutch, Belgian and Ecuadorian TV stations.
  • The Flemish book, De Wereld Redden, 200 pages of conversations, with Jean Lievens, on p2p theory and transitions, continues to do well in the Flanders and a bit in the Netherlands; and will be published in France next spring, by Les Liens Qui Liberent.
  • With Penny Travlou and Stacco Troncoso we are working on a important list and directory of the 100 Women Who Are Co-Creating the P2P Society, the profiles of which will be published on our blog in 2015

Here is a summary of the three strategic priorities of the P2P Foundation for 2015 and 2016:

  • Stream 1: Co-creating and catalyzing the alternative eco-system for open and cooperative peer production, to enable reconstruction of economic and social power around the commons. This includes work on our Commons-Based Reciprocity License (or Copyfair License), Open Cooperativism and Phyles, to create ethical entrepreneurial coalitions that co-produce commons.
  • Stream 2: Reclaiming political voice and power via bottom-up Assemblies of the Commons and Chamber of the Commons putting forward social charters, in conjunction with “top-down” progressive coalitions through existing political parties. These coalitions around the commons, or ‘the politics and policies of the commons’, will further our efforts to implement Commons Transition Plans.
  • Stream 3: Creating synergies between cooperative peer production and sustainability, i.e. showing how a transition to the new modes of production, governance and ownership can solve the ecological and climate crises.

Part 2

The P2P Foundation in Brazil

Janice Figueiredo:

"The P2P Foundation has been present in Brazil since 2012, when a partnership between the P2P Foundation, the IBICT (Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia) and the UFRJ (University of Rio de Janeiro) brought Bauwens to the country to minister a 2-month course on P2P practices and the commons. The course was followed by a Wikisprint that mapped almost 100 P2P and collaborative initiatives in Brazil.

During 2014 the P2P Foundation supported a couple of projects in the country:

In September, 2014 the biannual digital magazine “P2P and Innovation” (“Revista P2P & INOVAÇÃO”) was launched, bringing together 8 articles, written by Michel Bauwens' students and one by Bauwens himself. The magazine is linked to the Collaborative Economy and P2P Production Research Group in Brazil, managed by Professor Clovis Montenegro de Lima (IBICT). The second issue of the magazine is scheduled to be released in March, 2015 and it will include a compilation of key articles describing the FLOK experience in Ecuador.

In the last months of 2014 the P2P Foundation consolidated a partnership with “Tecnopolíticas: territórios urbanos e redes digitais" , a recently created research network aimed to contribute to the practices of sustainable urban development in Brazil. The network is composed of 15+ Brazilian and international universities and several other international institutions and researchers, especially from the Ibero-american axis. It intends to produce knowledge and to explore technology to promote the intersection between digital networks and urban spatial dynamics. The project proposes the collaborative development of open and adaptable social technology, basing itself on initiatives that promote free knowledge sharing, such as the open source or peer-to-peer movements. The network will be coordinated by Professor Natacha Rena (Indisciplinar-UFMG) and Professor Fernanda Bruno (MediaLab-UFRJ).

In May, 2014, thanks to the initiative of Fabio Cunha Filho, a landing page of the P2P Foundation in Portuguese started to be worked upon. The highlights of the page are the translation into Portuguese of Bauwens' “The Political Economy of Peer Production”, done by Miguel Caetano (“A Economia Política da Produção entre Pares”) and “Em Direção à Democratização dos Meios de Monetização” (from the English "Towards the Democratization of the Means of Monetization”), also from Bauwens, translated by Fabio Cunha Filho.

In the last days of December, 2014 an article describing the FLOK Society Project in Ecuador was published in TOTVS, a Brazilian magazine aimed to concentrate articles about trends in technology, behaviour and new business mindsets, giving support to the transition towards the 21st century. The article was written by Journalist Gabriela Mafort and can be read at pages 8-11 here: http://www.totvs.com/experience/en-us/. The Portuguese version can be accessed at http://www.totvs.com/experience/pt-br/ and the Spanish version at http://www.totvs.com/experience/es/ .

Brazil has a vibrant and intense ecosystem of collaborative communities and practices that includes an active free software community, a dynamic cultural landscape, solidarity economy practices, the use of alternative and open currencies, hackatons, co-working spaces, urban farming initiatives, crowdfunding platforms, alternative education propositions, platforms for citizen engagement and sharing resources initiatives. In 2015, a group of P2P researchers and an extended network of academics, activists, independent researchers and P2P enthusiasts intend to document such initiatives, as well as to group together on a site relevant academic and non-academic works already published in Brazil on the field."

The P2P Lab in Greece

By Vasilis Kostakis:

The P2P Lab is a Ragnar Nurkse School of Innovation & Governance and P2P Foundation spin-off interested in interdisciplinary research on free/open source technologies and practices. Our Greece-based lab was created in December 2012 as a community-driven space, and since then it has evolved into a for-benefit organization which features a FabLab; a co-working space; a physical library with literature on the Commons; and a guest room designed to host international collaborators and colleagues.

In a nutshell, our long-term goal is to build the necessary infrastructures upon on which the Commoners can create sustainable livings and thus empower and promote the circulation of the Commons versus the accumulation of capital. In 2014, the P2P Lab collaborators published various articles and books, in English, Greek and Spanish, which can be freely accessed at our Publications page. Many of them were based on hands-on projects/case studies that were run by our members and collaborators, like the “3Ducation project”.

During the first half of the next year we will be designing certain research projects with the aim to develop bottom-up, Commons-oriented pilots that would explore and implement the productive model “design global-manufacture local”. P2P Foundation is a key partner in our effort to materialize the vision of our book Network Society and Future Scenarios for a Collaborative Economy, i.e., to build a Commons-oriented, sustainable society.

The Synergia collaborative convergence project

John Restakis:


Guerilla Translation

Annemarie:


The P2P Value research project

Kevin Flanagan:


Part 3: What some of our friends have been doing

Albert Cañigueral

1) what did you do in 2014, related to p2p/commons work

- I kept developing materials around the Collaborative Economy in Spanish language via OuiShare, ConsumoColaborativo and by publishing the book "Vivir mejor con menos". Due to conflicts with incumbent industries the topic was regularly covered by press and other media.

- I kept co-developing the Spanish speaking community of OuiShare. At the end of 2014 we finally became a non-profit association in Spain in order to engage in larger projects. We had our first events in México.

- I had a minor role on bootstrapping Sharitories.net project that gained a lot of moment on late 2014

- I started to be more involved with policy related topics such as EESC opinion paper on collaborative consumption.


2) what are your plans and projects for 2015 - 2016 // I need to figure this out! :)

- OuiShare will organize a large scale event in Spain on 2015 to consolidate the local communities.

- We are developing the initial version of a MOOC around the collaborative economy (in Spanish). There will be a focus on education materials generation (ideally co-created) under OuiShare Academy umbrella.

- I will spend some time in Latin America, very likely Bogotá and México.

- There will be local (May) and national (~November) elections in Spain on 2015. Collaborative economy will be part of the debate and we plan to have an active role on this debate.



Marc Dangeard, Entrepreneur Commons

1) what did you do in 2014, related to p2p/commons work

Entrepreneur Commons is on hold for now as chapters have disbanded one after the other after I stopped working on it to take care of personal stuff. There is still some activity in London and I have not given up on re-starting the process later on.

As I moved back to France this year I also made contacts there to raise interest around CommonAccord, a Law Commons bringing the Open Source model to Legal docs (Law is Code).


2) what are your plans and projects for 2015 - 2016

Talking to a French organization who is just starting a program to help students from the suburbs who want to start their own business. They have the concept equivalent to "Entrepreneur Commons by Company_name) so I would like to take this opportunity to get Entrepreneur Commons going again.

And then I will keep pushing CommonAccord as I am convinced this is a much needed solution and very well suited for entrepreneurs getting started with their business. I was very happy to see that others in this group are involved in CommonAccord as well.

Joel Dietz, Swarm project

1) what did you do in 2014, related to p2p/commons work

Switched from community currency project (Evergreen) to cryptoledger crowdfunding project (SWARM). Fundamental idea is that it allows multi-stakeholder arrangements and more rapid funding via issuing each person a share in a project, powered by the 2.0 wave of blockchain technology. Currently largest barriers are regulatory, and we also need more funding to scale out our team.

2) what are your plans and projects for 2015 - 2016

Early adopters (and funders) have almost been from the crypto in-crowd, but I want to facilitate the adoption of these dynamic multi-stakeholder arrangements in the larger "sharing economy," especially among those most discontent with the current venture capital model. At some point I would also like to re-add the "community currency" aspect to it, so that you could create your own internal currency that is secured by blockchain technology but easily transferable.

I also believe one major component here is going to be reputational systems, which I am excited to contribute to in some fashion.