Difference between revisions of "Tiziana Terranova"

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Tiziana Terranova is well-known for her thesis that the trend towards free labour in peer production is an illusion, as it has already been incorporated in capitalism.
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Tiziana Terranova pioneered the critical approach towards the trend towards free labour
  
One of the versions of the original paper is here at http://www.uoc.edu/in3/hermeneia/sala_de_lectura/t_terranova_free_labor.htm
 
  
As explained by Johan Soderbergh:
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=Bio=
  
"The shifting of time-consuming tasks from paid employees to unpaid customers when accessing banking services, is one example of enhanced interactivity. Another example would be the 15.000 volunteer maintainers of AOL’s chat-rooms. Or the attempt by the Open Source initiative to co-opt the labour power of free software engineers.These are highpoints in a broader pattern, according to Tiziana Terranova. '''Free labour has become structural to late capitalist cultural economy'''. It is therefore totally inadequate to apply the leftist favourite narrative of authentic subcultures that are hijacked by commercialism. Authentic subcultures at this point of time is a delusion, she charges. ‘Independent’ cultural production takes place within a broader capitalist framework which has already anticipated and therefore modified the ‘active consumer’. Interactivity counts to nothing else than intensified exploitation of the audience power of the user/consumer. It is not different to the intensification of exploitation of wage labourers." (http://journal.hyperdrome.net/issues/issue1/soderberg.html )
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"Tiziana Terranova is well known for her thesis, formulated in the early 2000s, that the free labor of users is the source of economic value in the digital economy. Free labor is an ambivalent concept, rooted in Italian post-workerist labor theories of value, such as Paolo Virno's re-reading of Marx's notion of the general intellect, Antonio Negri's theory of the social factory, and Maurizio Lazzarato's concept of immaterial labor. It defines both the outcome of the 'refusal of work' of the 1960s and 1970s and the resulting investment of subjective needs and desires for expression into production (culture, technology, the arts); and its subsequent transformation into the engine of economic production in the post-Fordist economy first and the digital economy later (branding, marketing, social media). Free labor is both free as in 'free beer' (for digital entrepreneurs) and free as in free speech (for those who perform it voluntarily). It is no more of an illusion than industrial labor was, it is simply a new source of value and engine of production which is open to capture by the capitalist enterprise, but maintains a potential to express itself in new forms of economic organizations such as the p2p economy."
  
Tiziana Terranova teaches media studies within the department of Cultural Studies at the University of East London. She has published her research on technological subcultures and science in Italian and English in journals such as New Formations, Science and Culture, Derive e Approdi and the online journal The Difference Engine. She is currently completing a book on post-representational analyses of digitalisation.
 
  
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=Discussion=
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Johan Söderberg:
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"The shifting of time-consuming tasks from paid employees to unpaid customers when accessing banking services, is one example of enhanced interactivity. Another example would be the 15.000 volunteer maintainers of AOL’s chat-rooms. Or the attempt by the Open Source initiative to co-opt the labour power of free software engineers.These are highpoints in a broader pattern, according to Tiziana Terranova. '''Free labour has become structural to late capitalist cultural economy'''. It is therefore totally inadequate to apply the leftist favourite narrative of authentic subcultures that are hijacked by commercialism. Authentic subcultures at this point of time is a delusion, she charges. ‘Independent’ cultural production takes place within a broader capitalist framework which has already anticipated and therefore modified the ‘active consumer’. Interactivity counts to nothing else than intensified exploitation of the audience power of the user/consumer. It is not different to the intensification of exploitation of wage labourers." (http://hyperdrome.net/journal/issues/issue1/soderberg.html)
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=More Information=
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* One of the versions of the original paper is here at http://www.electronicbookreview.com/thread/technocapitalism/voluntary
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* discussion:  discussion which could possibly be linked from UOC here: http://laboralcentrodearte.uoc.edu/2010/12/17/interconnections-free-labour-and-the-social-factory/
  
=Bio=
 
  
'Tiziana Terranova is currently associate professor in the Sociology of Communications at the Dipartimento di Studi Americani, Culturali e Linguistici, Università degli Studi di Napoli 'L'Orientale'. Her research interests lie in the area of the culture, science, technology and the political economy of new media.
 
She is the author of Corpi Nella Rete (Costa e Nolan 1996), Network Culture: politics for the information age (Pluto Press, 2004) and numerous essays on new media published in journals such as Derive e Approdi, New Formations, Ctheory, Angelaki, Social Text, Theory Culture and Society, and Trasnversal. She is a member of the editorial board of the journal Studi Culturali (Il Mulino); a regular participant to the grassroots seminars of the Italian nomadic university 'uninomade'; and occasionally also a writer on matters of new media for the Italian newspaper Il manifesto. She is also currently a member of the research network ATACD (www.atacd.net, A Topological Approach to Cultural Dynamics) funded by the 6th European Framework. At the moment she is co-editing, together with Couze Venn, a special issue on Michel Foucault for the journal Theory, Culture and Society on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of his death."
 
  
 
[[Category:Bios]]
 
[[Category:Bios]]

Latest revision as of 17:30, 25 August 2014

Tiziana Terranova pioneered the critical approach towards the trend towards free labour


Bio

"Tiziana Terranova is well known for her thesis, formulated in the early 2000s, that the free labor of users is the source of economic value in the digital economy. Free labor is an ambivalent concept, rooted in Italian post-workerist labor theories of value, such as Paolo Virno's re-reading of Marx's notion of the general intellect, Antonio Negri's theory of the social factory, and Maurizio Lazzarato's concept of immaterial labor. It defines both the outcome of the 'refusal of work' of the 1960s and 1970s and the resulting investment of subjective needs and desires for expression into production (culture, technology, the arts); and its subsequent transformation into the engine of economic production in the post-Fordist economy first and the digital economy later (branding, marketing, social media). Free labor is both free as in 'free beer' (for digital entrepreneurs) and free as in free speech (for those who perform it voluntarily). It is no more of an illusion than industrial labor was, it is simply a new source of value and engine of production which is open to capture by the capitalist enterprise, but maintains a potential to express itself in new forms of economic organizations such as the p2p economy."


Discussion

Johan Söderberg:

"The shifting of time-consuming tasks from paid employees to unpaid customers when accessing banking services, is one example of enhanced interactivity. Another example would be the 15.000 volunteer maintainers of AOL’s chat-rooms. Or the attempt by the Open Source initiative to co-opt the labour power of free software engineers.These are highpoints in a broader pattern, according to Tiziana Terranova. Free labour has become structural to late capitalist cultural economy. It is therefore totally inadequate to apply the leftist favourite narrative of authentic subcultures that are hijacked by commercialism. Authentic subcultures at this point of time is a delusion, she charges. ‘Independent’ cultural production takes place within a broader capitalist framework which has already anticipated and therefore modified the ‘active consumer’. Interactivity counts to nothing else than intensified exploitation of the audience power of the user/consumer. It is not different to the intensification of exploitation of wage labourers." (http://hyperdrome.net/journal/issues/issue1/soderberg.html)


More Information