= "Solidarity cooperatives” are multi-stakeholder coops, bringing togther all parties involved in a particular endeavor―workers, consumers, producers and members of the larger community―in a democratic structure of ownership and control. 
- Girard, J-P (2004) “Solidarity Cooperatives in Quebec (Canada): an Overview” in: C. Borzaga
and R. Spear (Eds.), Trends and Challenges for Co-operatives and Social Enterprises in Developed and Transition Countries, Edizioni 31, Trento, Italy.
- Girard, J-P. (2009) “Solidarity Co-operatives (Quebec, Canada): How Social Enterprises can
Combine Social and Economic Goals” in Noya, A. (Ed.), The Changing Boundaries of Social Enterprises. Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). 14"
- Lund, M. (2010). Solidarity as a Business Model: A Multi-stakeholder Cooperative Manual.
Kent, Ohio. Cooperative Development Center, Kent State University.