= anonymous virtual tokens
URL = https://opencoin.org/
"The OpenCoin project is about creating anonymous virtual tokens, by providing a set of standards (formats and protocols) and a GPLed reference implementation of these standards. Tokens can be used for different kind of purposes, including online payments and voucher systems."
"Opencoin is a system to create digital cash - that means one can have an issuer mint electronic coins, which are handled by the wallets of clients. The clients make transfers between them, without the issuer being able to record those transactions, and they might later on redeem the coins as well. Opencoin based coins behave very much like cash as opposed to bank transaction.
Opencoin provides everthing to deal with the coins - creating them, wallet software etc.
The system can however not create/built the social side of an (complementary) currency - trust, social agreements etc. This is outside of the system. E.g. a group would decide to create a LETS, and could then use opencoin to get the currency onto the mobile phone."
The initial project was funded by the LDA, and brought together a team interested in law, cryptography, software, money theory, mobile phone development. This team produced the protocol, a first iteration of software, a legal report and a cryptographic report.
Now, after a break of about a years time, the project is getting momentum again, with usuable software being developed, and a strong desire to get it used in the real world.
Our electronic cash system is based on the invention by David Chaum, who delivered the basic cryptographic building block. Those blocks can then be used to setup a flow of communication, which gets standarized into a protocol.
Opencoin has developed such a protocol, and the protocol got a first audit by cryptographic experts. Result: 'we did not fall off our chairs laughing' - no obvious flaws were found.
Right now opencoin is in the 2nd iteration of the software, with a focus on a mobile phone client. There is a installable client for newer Nokia mobile phones. The client can handle multiple currencies, does all the cryptography, talks a 'real' protocol. It shows what can be done, but is not stable enough to be rolled out in a production environment.
The server side is 'real' as well - crypto is in place, protocols spoken etc - but right now just works enough to show the 'good case' scenario.
The ongoing development work will focus more and more on making client and server more stable, able to handle more attacks and errors.
There is a report by leading experts in the field of banking and financial law that looks into the legal side of using an opencoin system in the real world. There are ways to use opencoin in full legal compliance (as opposed to the grey zone of being tolerated). The report looks into the issues of financial regulation, money laundering laws, anti-terrorism laws etc.
OpenCoin as P2P Currency System
Open Coin has the appeal of being a distributed protocol-based system, like Bitcoin, and is 'currency agnostic' like Ripple. In these ways it is the best of breed, and has already found it's way to the Symbian mobile platform, enabling peer transactions on the go. OpenCoin meets the criteria for a P2P Currency, and could be used in a localized P2P Network alongside a reputation and matching system to facilitate redemption of currency.