Integration as scientific method

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It has become a tradition to consider the exact physical experimental scientific method, including experiments, mathematical deductions and falsification as some of its core ingredients, as the only reliable paradigm to check the validity of scientific hypotheses. The fact that some very important sciences, indispensable to take decisions in daily life, i.e. the so called alpha sciences (philosophy, psychology, sociology, art, economics, religion, politics, etc.), were inaccessible for this method, didn't bother too much science philosophers. "Just wait till we discover some exact tools to measure those phenomena. It's just a question of time." This promise is now repeated since nearly three centuries, and still the alpha sciences remain in the realm of unscientific, uncontrollable, irrational, implausible thinking, where the number of theories equals the number of theorists.

This article proposes a novel approach, considering that classical science is only one of at least two methods to control the plausibility and reliability of scientific hypotheses. The second method is described. Some historical research yields evidence that this method in fact exists since a long time, from the classical scientists to Kant and Whitehead, and that it even "invented" the modern scientific method. And, most probably, the brain itself functions that way.


Confronted with life's experiences, man constantly tries to "understand" things happening around him: which factors contribute to it, to which extend they do so, and how could these factors be influenced to achieve our goals? Even at brain level, spontaneous abstractions and analogies are elaborated, and hypotheses are induced, at different levels of abstraction.

The fundamental question is: how can we be sure that these hypotheses, on which we trust to take action, are reliable, plausible, "exact"? This is the purpose of science: to control the spontaneously induced hypotheses.



Science is an intellectual method to control, i.e. to prove or to falsify, hypotheses that where spontaneously formulated by a subconscious and spontaneous process, called induction.

The procedure

Historical predecessors