Difference between revisions of "Help:Editing"

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<big>'''[http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Help:Contents Official MediaWiki Documentation]'''</big>
+
#redirect [[Help:Editing wiki pages]]
 
 
The following is from: [http://meta.wikipedia.org/wiki/MediaWiki_User%27s_Guide:_Editing_overview Editing Overview].
 
 
 
=== Sections, paragraphs, lists and lines ===
 
<table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0">
 
<tr>
 
<th>What it looks like</th>
 
<th>What you type</th>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
Start your sections with header lines:
 
 
 
<!-- This is the original
 
== New section ==
 
=== Subsection ===
 
==== Sub-subsection ====
 
-->
 
 
 
<!-- next set
 
<h2> New section </h2>
 
<h3> Subsection </h3>
 
<h4> Sub-subsection </h4>
 
-->
 
 
 
<!-- This code prevents confusion in the section editing feature-->
 
<b><font style="font-size:120%"> New section </font></b>
 
 
 
<b><font style="font-size:110%"> Subsection</font></b>
 
 
 
<b><font style="font-size:100%"> Sub-subsection</font></b>
 
 
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>
 
 
 
== New section ==
 
 
 
=== Subsection ===
 
 
 
==== Sub-subsection ====
 
</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
A single [[en:newline|newline]]
 
has no effect on the layout.
 
These can be used to separate
 
sentences within a paragraph.
 
Some editors find that this aids editing
 
and improves the ''diff'' function.
 
 
 
But an empty line
 
starts a new paragraph.
 
</td>
 
<td>
 
<pre><nowiki>A single [[en:newline|newline]]
 
has no effect on the layout.
 
These can be used to separate
 
sentences within a paragraph.
 
Some editors find that this
 
aids editing and improves
 
the ''diff'' function.
 
 
 
But an empty line
 
starts a new paragraph.</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>You can break lines<br/>
 
without starting a new paragraph.</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>You can break lines<br/>
 
without starting a new paragraph.</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
* Lists are easy to do:
 
** start every line with a star
 
*** more stars means deeper levels
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>* Lists are easy to do:
 
** start every line with a star
 
*** more stars means deeper levels
 
</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
# Numbered lists are also good
 
## very organized
 
## easy to follow
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki># Numbered lists are also good
 
## very organized
 
## easy to follow</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
* You can even do mixed lists
 
*# and nest them
 
*#* like this
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>* You can even do mixed lists
 
*# and nest them
 
*#* like this</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
; Definition list : list of definitions
 
; item : the item's definition
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>; Definition list : list
 
of definitions
 
; item : the item's definition</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
:A colon indents a line or paragraph.
 
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.
 
* This is primarily for displayed material, but is also used for discussion on [[MediaWiki User's Guide: Talk pages|Talk page]]s.
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>: A colon indents a line or paragraph.
 
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.
 
</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign=top>
 
<td>
 
<pre><nowiki>IF a line starts with a space THEN
 
  it will be formatted exactly
 
    as typed;
 
  in a fixed-width font;
 
  lines won't wrap;
 
ENDIF
 
this is useful for:
 
  * pasting preformatted text;
 
  * algorithm descriptions;
 
  * program source code
 
  * ASCII art;
 
  * chemical structures;</nowiki></pre>
 
 
 
WARNING If you make it wide,
 
you [[en:page widening|force the whole page to be wide]] and
 
hence less readable. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki> IF a line starts with a space THEN
 
  it will be formatted exactly
 
    as typed;
 
  in a fixed-width font;
 
  lines won't wrap;
 
ENDIF
 
this is useful for:
 
  * pasting preformatted text;
 
  * algorithm descriptions;
 
  * program source code
 
  * ASCII art;
 
  * chemical structures;</nowiki></pre></td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td><center>Centered text.</center>
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki><center>Centered text.</center></nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>A [[en:horizontal dividing line|horizontal dividing line]]: above
 
----
 
 
 
and below.
 
 
 
Mainly useful for separating threads on Talk pages.
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>A horizontal dividing line: above
 
----
 
and below. </nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</table>
 
 
 
=== Links, URLs ===
 
 
 
<table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0">
 
<tr>
 
<th>What it looks like</th>
 
<th>What you type</th>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>Sue is reading the [[video policy]].
 
*First letter of target is automatically capitalized.
 
*Internally spaces are automatically represented as underscores (typing an underscore has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).
 
Thus the link above is to <nowiki>http://meta.wikipedia.org/wiki/Video_policy</nowiki>, which is the page with the name "Video policy".
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>Sue is reading the [[video policy]].</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr><td>
 
Link to a section on a page, e.g.
 
[[List_of_cities_by_country#Morocco]] (links to non-existent sections aren't really broken, they are treated as links to the page, i.e. to the top)</td><td>
 
<pre><nowiki>[[List_of_cities_by_country#Morocco]].</nowiki></pre></td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>Same target, different name: [[User:Larry Sanger|answers]].
 
 
 
(This is called a [[en:piped link|piped link]]).
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>Same target, different name:
 
[[User:Larry Sanger|answers]]</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top">
 
<td>Endings are blended into the link: [[test]]ing, [[gene]]s
 
</td>
 
<td>
 
<pre><nowiki>Endings are blended
 
into the link: [[test]]ing, [[gene]]s</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top">
 
<td>
 
Automatically hide stuff in parentheses: [[kingdom (biology)|kingdom]].
 
<p>Automatically hide namespace: [[Wikipedia:Village pump|Village pump]].
 
<p>The server fills in the part after the | when you save the page. Next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. A preview interprets the abbreviated form correctly, but does not expand it yet in the edit box. Press Save and again Edit, and you will see the expanded version. The same applies for the following feature.
 
</td>
 
<td>
 
<pre><nowiki>Automatically hide stuff in parentheses:
 
[[kingdom (biology)|]]. </nowiki></pre>
 
<pre><nowiki>Automatically hide namespace:
 
[[Wikipedia:Village pump|]].</nowiki></pre>
 
</td></tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>When adding a comment to a Talk page,
 
you should sign it. You can do this by
 
adding three tildes for your user name:
 
: [[User:Karl Wick|Karl Wick]]
 
or four for user name plus date/time:
 
: [[User:Karl Wick|Karl Wick]] 08:10 Oct 5, 2002 (UTC)
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>When adding a comment to a Talk page,
 
you should sign it. You can do this by
 
adding three tildes for your user name:
 
: ~~~
 
or four for user name plus date/time:
 
: ~~~~</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>[[The weather in London]] is a page that doesn't
 
exist yet.
 
*You can create it by clicking on the link.
 
*To create a new page:
 
*#Create a link to it on some other page.
 
*#Save that page.
 
*#Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
 
*Have a look at [[MediaWiki User's Guide: Starting a new page|how to start a page]] guide and the naming conventions page for your project.
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>[[The weather in London]] is a page
 
that doesn't exist yet.</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>
 
[[MediaWiki User's Guide: Using redirects|Redirect]] one article title to another by putting text like this in its first line.
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>#REDIRECT [[United States]]</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>
 
A link to the page on the same subject in another language or, more generally, to a page on another wiki:
 
[[fr:Wikipédia:Aide]].
 
For more info see [[MediaWiki User's Guide: Interwiki linking]].
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>[[fr:Wikipédia:Aide]], [[:fr:Wikipédia:Aide]]</nowiki></pre></td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>"What links here" and "Related changes" can be linked as:<br/>
 
[[Special:Whatlinkshere/Wikipedia:How to edit a page]] and
 
[[Special:Recentchangeslinked/Wikipedia:How to edit a page]]
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>
 
[[Special:Whatlinkshere/
 
Wikipedia:How to edit a page]] and
 
[[Special:Recentchangeslinked/
 
Wikipedia:How to edit a page]]</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>External link: [http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>External link:
 
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>Or just give the URL: http://www.nupedia.com.
 
*In the [[en:URL|URL]] all symbols must be among: A-Z a-z 0-9 ._\/~%-+&amp;#?!=()@ \x80-\xFF. If a URL contains a different character it should be converted; for example, ^ has to be written %5E (to be looked up in [[en:ASCII|ASCII]]). A blank space can also be converted into an underscore.
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>Or just give the URL:
 
http://www.nupedia.com.</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
To link to books, you can use [[en:ISBN|ISBN]] links.
 
ISBN 0123456789X See [[MediaWiki User's Guide: ISBN links]]
 
</td>
 
<td>
 
<pre><nowiki>ISBN 0123456789X</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
To include links to non-image uploads such as sounds, use a "media" link.
 
<br/>[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]
 
</td>
 
<td>
 
<pre>
 
<nowiki>
 
[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]
 
</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign=top>
 
<td>Use links for dates, so everyone can set their own display order. Use [[Special:Preferences]] to change your own date display setting.
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>[[July 20]], [[1969]] , [[20 July]] [[1969]]
 
and [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
 
</nowiki></pre>will all appear as [[20 July]] [[1969]] if you set your date display preference to 1 January 2001.
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</table>
 
 
 
=== Images ===
 
 
 
<table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0">
 
<tr>
 
<th>What it looks like</th>
 
<th>What you type</th>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>A picture: [[Image:Wiki.png|Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia]]
 
* Only images that have been uploaded to Wikibooks can be used. To upload images, use the [[Special:Upload|upload page]]. You can find the uploaded image on the [[Special:Imagelist|image list]]
 
* To center an image, type <nowiki><center>[[Image:File.jpg]]</center></nowiki>
 
* To change dimensions, use <nowiki>[[Image:File.jpg|100px]]</nowiki> or any number
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>
 
A picture: [[Image:Wiki.png]]</nowiki></pre>
 
or, with alternate text (''strongly'' encouraged) <!-- actually required in HTML4 -->
 
<pre><nowiki>[[Image:Wiki.png|Wikipedia
 
- The Free Encyclopedia]] </nowiki>
 
</pre>
 
[[en:Web browser|Web browser]]s render alternate text when not displaying an image -- for example, when the image isn't loaded, or in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud. See [[en:Wikipedia:Alternate text for images|Alternate text for images]] for help on choosing alternate text.
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
Clicking on an uploaded image displays a description page, which you can also link directly to: [[:Image:Wiki.png]]
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>
 
[[:Image:Wiki.png]]
 
</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
 
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.
 
<br/>[[media:Tornado.jpg|Image of a Tornado]]
 
</td>
 
<td>
 
<pre>
 
<nowiki>
 
[[media:Tornado.jpg|Image of a Tornado]]
 
</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
 
 
</table>
 
 
 
=== Character formatting ===
 
 
 
<table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0">
 
<tr>
 
<th>What it looks like</th>
 
<th>What you type</th>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>
 
''Emphasize'', '''strongly''', '''''very strongly'''''.
 
*These are double and triple apostrophes, not double quotes.
 
</td>
 
<td>
 
<pre><nowiki>''Emphasize'', '''strongly''',
 
'''''very strongly'''''.</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>
 
You can also write <i>italic</i> and <b>bold</b>
 
if the desired effect is a specific font style
 
rather than emphasis, as in mathematical formulae:
 
:<b>F</b> = <i>m</i><b>a</b>
 
*However, the difference between these two methods is not very important for graphical browsers, and many people choose to ignore it.
 
</td>
 
<td>
 
<pre><nowiki>You can also write <i>italic</i>
 
and <b>bold</b> if the desired effect is a
 
specific font style rather than emphasis, as
 
in mathematical formulas:
 
:<b>F</b> = <i>m</i><b>a</b></nowiki></pre><!-- that's not a mathematical formula, though -- sure it is, just because it's being applied to physics doesn't make it stop being mathematics -->
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign=top>
 
<td>A typewriter font for <tt>technical terms</tt>.
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>A typewriter font for
 
<tt>technical terms</tt>.</nowiki></pre>
 
</td><!-- tt is really 'teletype', not 'technical term' -->
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign=top>
 
<td>You can use <small>small text</small> for captions.
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>You can use <small>small text</small>
 
for captions.</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>You can <strike>strike out deleted material</strike>
 
and <u>underline new material</u>.
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>You can <strike>strike out deleted material</strike>
 
and <u>underline new material</u>.</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top">
 
<td>
 
'''Umlauts and accents:''' (See [[MediaWiki User's Guide: Creating special characters]])<br/>
 
è é ê ë ì í<br/>
 
<br/>
 
&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring; <br/>
 
&AElig; &Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml; <br/>
 
&Igrave; &Iacute;
 
&Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde; &Ograve; <br/>
 
&Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde;
 
&Ouml; &Oslash; &Ugrave; <br/>
 
&Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &szlig;
 
&agrave; &aacute; <br/>
 
&acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig;
 
&ccedil; <br/>
 
&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml; &igrave; &iacute;<br/>
 
&icirc; &iuml; &ntilde; &ograve; &oacute; &ocirc; <br/>
 
&oelig; &otilde;
 
&ouml; &oslash; &ugrave; &uacute; <br/>
 
&ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>
 
 
 
è é ê ë ì í
 
 
 
&amp;Agrave; &amp;Aacute; &amp;Acirc; &amp;Atilde; &amp;Auml; &amp;Aring;
 
&amp;AElig; &amp;Ccedil; &amp;Egrave; &amp;Eacute; &amp;Ecirc; &amp;Euml;
 
&amp;Igrave; &amp;Iacute; &amp;Icirc; &amp;Iuml; &amp;Ntilde; &amp;Ograve;
 
&amp;Oacute; &amp;Ocirc; &amp;Otilde; &amp;Ouml; &amp;Oslash; &amp;Ugrave;
 
&amp;Uacute; &amp;Ucirc; &amp;Uuml; &amp;szlig; &amp;agrave; &amp;aacute;
 
&amp;acirc; &amp;atilde; &amp;auml; &amp;aring; &amp;aelig; &amp;ccedil;
 
&amp;egrave; &amp;eacute; &amp;ecirc; &amp;euml; &amp;igrave; &amp;iacute;
 
&amp;icirc; &amp;iuml; &amp;ntilde; &amp;ograve; &amp;oacute; &amp;ocirc;
 
&amp;oelig; &amp;otilde; &amp;ouml; &amp;oslash; &amp;ugrave; &amp;uacute;
 
&amp;ucirc; &amp;uuml; &amp;yuml;</nowiki></pre></td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign=top>
 
<td>
 
'''Punctuation:'''<br/>
 
&iquest; &iexcl; &laquo; &raquo; &sect; &para;<br/>
 
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &mdash;
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>
 
&amp;iquest; &amp;iexcl; &amp;laquo; &amp;raquo; &amp;sect; &amp;para;
 
&amp;dagger; &amp;Dagger; &amp;bull; &amp;mdash;</nowiki></pre></td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top">
 
<td>
 
'''Commercial symbols:'''<br/>
 
&trade; &copy; &reg; &cent; &euro; &yen; <br/>
 
&pound; &curren;</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>
 
&amp;trade; &amp;copy; &amp;reg; &amp;cent; &amp;euro; &amp;yen;
 
&amp;pound; &amp;curren;
 
</nowiki></pre></td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>Subscript: x<sub>2</sub><br/>
 
Superscript: x<sup>2</sup> or x&sup2;
 
*The latter method of superscript can't be used in the most general context, but is preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.
 
&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
 
8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup>
 
C&sup2; / J m.
 
<br/>
 
<br/>
 
1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m²]]
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>Subscript: x<sub>2</sub>
 
Superscript: x<sup>2</sup> or x&amp;sup2;
 
&amp;epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
 
8.85 &amp;times; 10<sup>&amp;minus;12</sup>
 
C&amp;sup2; / J m.
 
 
 
1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m²]]
 
</nowiki></pre></td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td>'''Greek characters:''' <br/>
 
&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta; <br/>
 
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu; <br/>
 
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho;  &sigma; &sigmaf; <br/>
 
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;<br/>
 
&Gamma; &Delta; &Theta; &Lambda; &Xi; &Pi; <br/>
 
&Sigma; &Phi; &Psi; &Omega;
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>
 
&amp;alpha; &amp;beta; &amp;gamma; &amp;delta; &amp;epsilon; &amp;zeta;
 
&amp;eta; &amp;theta; &amp;iota; &amp;kappa; &amp;lambda; &amp;mu; &amp;nu;
 
&amp;xi; &amp;omicron; &amp;pi; &amp;rho;  &amp;sigma; &amp;sigmaf;
 
&amp;tau; &amp;upsilon; &amp;phi; &amp;chi; &amp;psi; &amp;omega;
 
&amp;Gamma; &amp;Delta; &amp;Theta; &amp;Lambda; &amp;Xi; &amp;Pi;
 
&amp;Sigma; &amp;Phi; &amp;Psi; &amp;Omega;
 
</nowiki></pre></td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top">
 
<td>
 
'''Math characters:''' <br/>
 
&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; &minus; &plusmn; &infin;<br/>
 
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; &le; &ge; &rarr;<br/>
 
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; &prime; &Prime;<br/>
 
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; &oslash;<br/>
 
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; &sub; &sup; &sube; &supe;<br/>
 
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; &rArr; &hArr;<br/>
 
&rarr; &harr;<br/>
 
</td>
 
<td valign="middle"><pre><nowiki>
 
&amp;int; &amp;sum; &amp;prod; &amp;radic; &amp;minus; &amp;plusmn; &amp;infin;
 
&amp;asymp; &amp;prop; &amp;equiv; &amp;ne; &amp;le; &amp;ge; &amp;rarr;
 
&amp;times; &amp;middot; &amp;divide; &amp;part; &amp;prime; &amp;Prime;
 
&amp;nabla; &amp;permil; &amp;deg; &amp;there4; &amp;alefsym; &amp;oslash;
 
&amp;isin; &amp;notin; &amp;cap; &amp;cup; &amp;sub; &amp;sup; &amp;sube; &amp;supe;
 
&amp;not; &amp;and; &amp;or; &amp;exist; &amp;forall; &amp;rArr; &amp;hArr;
 
&amp;rarr; &amp;harr;</nowiki></pre></td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr valign="top"><td><i>x</i><sup>2</sup>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&ge;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;0 true.
 
*To space things out, use non-breaking spaces - <tt>&amp;nbsp;</tt>.
 
*<tt>&amp;nbsp;</tt> also prevents line breaks in the middle of text, this is useful in formulas.
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>
 
<i>x</i><sup>2</sup>&amp;nbsp;&amp;nbsp;&amp;ge;&amp;nbsp;&amp;nbsp;0 true.
 
</nowiki></pre></td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
'''Complicated formulae:'''<br/>
 
&nbsp;&nbsp;<math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>
 
* See [[MediaWiki User's Guide: Editing mathematical formulae:TeX markup|TeX markup]]
 
</td>
 
<td><pre><nowiki>
 
<math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>
 
</nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
'''Suppressing interpretation of markup:'''<br/>
 
<nowiki>Link &rarr; (<i>to</i>) the [[FAQ]]</nowiki>
 
* Used to show literal data that would otherwise have special meaning.
 
* Shows all wiki markup, including that which looks like HTML tags, instead of applying it.
 
* ''Does'' show special characters, and not the HTML character codes.
 
</td>
 
<td>
 
<pre><nowiki><nowiki>Link &amp;rarr; (<i>to</i>)
 
the [[FAQ]]</nowiki></nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>
 
'''Commenting page source:'''<br/>
 
''not shown in page''
 
* Used to leave comments in a page for future editors.
 
</td>
 
<td>
 
<pre><nowiki><!-- comment here --></nowiki></pre>
 
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</table>
 
 
 
=== HTML Tables ===
 
 
 
[[en:HTML|HTML]] tables can be quite useful as well. For details on how to use them and discussion about when they are appropriate, see [[MediaWiki User's Guide: Using tables]].
 
 
 
==Templates==
 
 
 
Some text on a page may correspond in the edit box to just a reference to another page, in the form <nowiki>{{</nowiki>''name''<nowiki>}}</nowiki>, referring to the page "Template:''name''". This is called a [[template]]. For changing that text, edit that other page. Sometimes a separate edit link is provided for this purpose. A convenient way to put such a link in a template in Wikipedia is with [[en:Template:ed]].
 
 
 
==Page protection==
 
 
 
In a few cases the link labeled "{{MediaWiki:Editthispage}}" is replaced by the text "{{MediaWiki:Protectedpage}}" (or equivalents in the language of the project). In that case the page can not be edited.
 
 
 
==Separating edits==
 
 
 
When moving or copying a piece of text within a page or from another page, and also making other edits, it is useful to separate these edits. This way the [[MediaWiki User's Guide: Diff|diff function]] can be usefully applied for checking these other edits.
 

Latest revision as of 09:06, 13 July 2008