This section is dedicated to monitoring P2P-influenced concepts and practices related to Collective Intelligence, Knowledge Management, epistemology, etc...
At this state we only ported a limited number of items from our related section on P2P Learning, i.e. the relevant entries from A to H.
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Short Citations
- 3 Long Citations
- 4 Framework
- 5 Related Wiki Sections
- 6 Key Resources
- David Weinberger: Objectivity without Transparency is Arrogance
- Introduction by Toni Prug: We need Open Process Search Systems.
Rule Number One is to pay attention. Rule Number Two might be: Attention is a limited resource, so pay attention to where you pay attention.
- Howard Rheingold 
"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident."
- Arthur Schopenhauer
Systems thinking has a certain simplicity and elegance to it — basically, a shift from seeing the world as a machine to understanding it as a network… To deal with nonlinear systems requires a change of perspective from objects to relationships, from measuring to mapping, and this is why visual thinking becomes important.”
~ Fritjof Capra 
"Co-intelligence is the capacity to call forth the wisdom and resources of the whole and its members to enhance the longterm vitality of the whole and its members." Collectively, a community has more - and more diverse - information, perspective, and resources than any individual has. A wise community, a wise leader, and a wise democracy will use that rich diversity creatively and interactively. The diversity will then be mutually enhancing rather than mutually problematic. The appropriate role of the state is to create enabling conditions for that to happen at all levels and in all sectors and facets of society.
- Tom Atlee 
The systematic extensions of my brain is the brain of my friends. No matter how good tagging systems and wikis I have, they are neither sustainable nor scalable, when facing the tsunami of complexity waves coming at us faster and faster. The coming chaos is evolution trick’s to push us out from the comfortable but illusory thinking of the individual being the basic cognitive unit. IMHO, it’s the collective.
- George Por
Experience has long been considered the best teacher of knowledge. Since we cannot experience everything, other people’s experiences, and hence other people, become the surrogate, of knowledge. I store my knowledge in my friends is an axiom for collecting knowledge through collecting people.
To survive and thrive, human systems *need* a not just a network view, but a multi-dimensional, multi-scaled view and definition of systems. this will help us see how many, many people can operate and multiply many forms of wealth within systems that previously seemed easily depletable. Peer networks are vital to creating the multi-dimensional maps and models and views that will allow all of us to see the cornacopia of options that now exist, provided we can shift out focus from exploitation and control, to existential symbiosis with everything that is around us, on as many scales as possible.
- Sam Rose
"From a very early age, we are taught to break apart problems, to fragment the world. This apparently makes complex tasks and subjects more manageable, but we pay a hidden, enormous price. We can no longer see the consequences of our actions; we lose our intrinisic sense of connection to a larger whole. When we then try to ‘see the big picture,’ we try to reassemble the fragments in our minds, to list and organize all the pieces. But, as physicist David Bohm says, the task is futile–similar to trying to reassemble the fragments of a broken mirror to see a true reflection. Thus, after a while we give up trying to see the whole altogether."
- Peter Senge 
We Need to Repair the bridge between rationality and meta-rationality
"Kegan describes three stages of adult development (numbered 3, 4, and 5). We could call them pre-rational, rational, and meta-rational. These stages are distinctive, internally consistent, relatively-well-functioning modes for organizing one’s thinking, one’s self, and one’s relationships. They might be described as “islands of psychological stability.” To progress from one island to the next, you must cross a heaving sea of psychological confusion, in which the previous mode no longer seems functional, but you cannot yet operate in the next mode reliably. These stage transitions are emotionally and cognitively difficult, and typically take several years, during which one may think, feel, and act inconsistently.
Ideally, a society and culture provides “bridges” of support from one stage to the next. To some extent, ours does. However, Kegan pointed out that we have allowed the bridge from stage 3 to 4 to fall into disrepair. We are not adequately teaching young adults how to be rational, systematic, or modern. This is the central theme of his In Over Our Heads: The Mental Demands of Modern Life.
This problem seems to have only gotten worse in the two decades since he wrote that. That is what makes me fear civilizational collapse. Keeping modern institutions operating requires cognitively modern, rational operators. We may be destroying the conditions necessary to produce them." (https://meaningness.com/metablog/stem-fluidity-bridge?)
The Next Civil War will be one over Collective Intelligence
"The conflict of the 21st Century is about forming a Collective Intelligence that can outwit and out innovate all of its competitors. The central challenge is to innovate a way of collaborating and cohering individuals that maximally deploys their individual perspectives, capabilities, understandings and insights with each-other. Right now, the Trump Insurgency has the edge. It has discovered some key ways to tap into the power of decentralized collective intelligence and this is its principal advantage. While it is definitely not a mature version of a decentralized collective intelligence, it is substantially more so than any collective intelligence with which it is competing and unless and until a more effective decentralized collective intelligence enters the field, this advantage is enough."
- Jordan Greenhall 
Individuals can't think non-linearly, only collectives can
"By yourself, you can’t think non-linearly. This isn’t your fault. Individual human beings can’t think non-linearly. Only “collective intelligences,” those agents of “inter-subjective consciousness” can. To put it more simply, we implement and do things as individuals. We innovate as tribes. And the world we live in today — the world of the 21st Century — is a world of continuous innovation. In this environment, for the first time ever in history, the ability to innovate is decisively superior to the ability to deploy power."
- Jordan Greenhall 
Meta-theory as humanity’s vocabulary of self-transformation
"[With] self-consciousness comes the possibility of transforming ourselves by adopting new vocabularies, redescribing, and so reconstructing our selves and discursive institutions. While all of us are in some sense consumers of such new vocabularies, it is the special calling of some to produce them. And among those producers some take the construction of unique, potentially transformative vocabularies as the project by commitment to which they understand and define themselves. Among that group, some seek to produce those new vocabularies precisely by trying to understated the phenomena of sapience, normativity, conceptuality, reason, freedom, expression, self-consciousness, self-constitution, and historical transformation by subversive, empowering vocabularies. Those are the philosophers. They are charged neither with simply understanding human nature (human history), nor with simply changing it, but with changing it by understanding it."
—Robert B. Brandom (2009, p. 150) 
Dave Snowden has proposed the Cynefin framework for identifying the best match between knowledge styles and reality:
"It has five domains, characterised by the relationship between cause and effect. The first four domains are:
- Simple, in which the relationship between cause and effect is obvious to all, the approach is to Sense - Categorise - Respond and we can apply best practice.
- Complicated, in which the relationship between cause and effect requires analysis or some other form of investigation and/or the application of expert knowledge, the approach is to Sense - Analyze - Respond and we can apply good practice.
- Complex, in which the relationship between cause and effect can only be perceived in retrospect, but not in advance, the approach is to Probe - Sense - Respond and we can sense emergent practice.
- Chaotic, in which there is no relationship between cause and effect at systems level, the approach is to Act - Sense - Respond and we can discover novel practice.
The fifth domain is Disorder, which is the state of not knowing what type of causality exists, in which state people will revert to the comfort zone in making a decision." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cynefin)
See the video: Shawn Callahan on the Cynefin Framework
- One species, many minds: The official future. We interbreed among our genetic improvements and keep our individuality distinct, and our species identity intact.
- One species, one mind: Through electronic mediation, we join together to create a superorganism. A suprahuman.
- Many species, many minds: Ultimate diversity. Humans fork in their evolution to create new breeds. Some may even join machines in cyborgian partnerships.
- Many species, one mind: We fork in biology but unite in the noosphere. Millions of species share the same mind.
"We can argue that there are a range of different models of collective intelligence shaping the digital realm at the present time. We might distinguish broadly between three different models:
1) An aggregative model which assumes that we can collect data based on the autonomous and anonymous decisions of “the crowd” and use it to gain insights into their collective behavior. This is the model which shapes Digg and to some degree, YouTube.
2) a curatorial model where grassroots intermediaries seek to represent their various constituencies and bring together information that they think is valuable. This is the model which shapes the blogosphere.
3) a deliberative model where many different voices come together, define problems, vet information, and find solutions which would be impossible for any individual to achieve. This is the model shaping Wikipedia or even more powerfully alternate universe games. Of the three, the deliberative model offers the most democratic potentials, especially when it is tempered by ethical and political commitments to diversity. This is the model which Pierre Levy describes in his book, Collective Intelligence. Levy’s account stresses the affirmative value placed on diversity in such a culture. The more diverse the community, the broader range of possible information and insights can inform the deliberative process." (http://henryjenkins.org/2009/11/reflections_on_cultural_politi_1.html)
Related Wiki Sections
- Material on "Participation"
- Examining the new relationality and cooperative individualism
- The emerging sharing economy
- Cooperation and cooperatives
- Material on "Facilitation"
- The Social Brain Hypothesis, (2016: no longer at www.liv.ac.uk/evolpsyc/Evol_Anthrop_6.pdf ) essay where Robin Dunbar explains the cognitive limitations of his Dunbar Number
- The Social Brain Hypothesis and Human Evolution, Robin Dunbar
- Book: Collective Intelligence: Creating a Prosperous at Peace. Ed. by Mark Tovey.
- Great Information Transitions in the Past and the Present. By René Barsalo.
- Emergence of a Global Brain. Francis Heylighen
- Science of Collective Intelligence. Norman L Johnson
- Civic Intelligence and the Public Sphere. Douglas Schuler
- Co-intelligence, Collective Intelligence, and Conscious Evolution. Tom Atlee
- Kingsley Dennis on The Great Acceleration: The Astounding Growth in the Psychological Evolution of the Human Self.
- Moving from Binary to Ternary Thinking. John Michael Greer
- Collective Sense-Making as Negotiated Agreement. Harold Jarche
- The Evolution of Cognition. William L. Benzon and David G. Hays. 
- The Broken Bridge between Rationality and Meta-Rationality
- Harnessing Crowds: Mapping the Genome of Collective Intelligence. By Thomas Malone, Robert Laubacher, and Chrysanthos Dellarocas. 
- What is Collective Intelligence? Thomas Malone
- Cultivating Collective Intelligence Leadership. George Pór
- Evolutionary Worldview Rising, Integral Leadership Review, http://www.integralleadershipreview.com/archives-2010/2010-06/2010-06-notes-por.php
- Collective Intelligence and Collective Leadership: Twin Paths to Beyond Chaos, University of Amsterdam, http://sprouts.aisnet.org/8-2/
- Connecting Our Conversations for Becoming Wiser Together, Kosmos Journal, http://www.community-intelligence.com/?q=node/104
- Collective Intelligence as a Field of Multi-disciplinary Study and Practice, Evolutionary Nexus, http://www.evolutionarynexus.org/node/606
- Designing for the Emergence of a Global-scale Collective Intelligence, The First Global Brain Workshop, http://www.community-intelligence.com/?q=node/106
- Nurturing Systemic Wisdom through Knowledge Ecology, The Systems Thinker, http://www.community-intelligence.com/?q=node/98
- Quest for Collective Intelligence, Community Building: Renewing Spirit and Learning in Business, http://www.visionnest.com/btbc/cb/chapters/quest.htm
- Report: Rapid Decision Making for Complex Issues. HOW TECHNOLOGIES OF COOPERATION CAN HELP. Andrea Saveri and Howard Rheingold. INSTITUTE FOR THE FUTURE, 2005.
- Towards Healthy Virtual Selves for Collective Groups; From the recommended essay: How to Build the Global Mind
- Harnessing the Collective Intelligence of the Web.
- The evolution of consciousness, rooted in complexity and cognitive sciences. See Stewart, J. E. (2007) The future evolution of consciousness, Journal of Consciousness Studies, Vol. 14, No. 8, Pp. 58-92.
- Evolutionary Manifesto ; book: Evolution's Arrow
- David Pitt & Paul R. Samson (eds.), The Biosphere and Noosphere Reader: Global Environment, Society and Change (1998) download
- George Dyson. Darwin Among the Machines: The Evolution Of Global Intelligence: wonderful history of the network mind
- Otto Laske. Manual of Dialectical Thought Forms.
- COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE: Creating a Prosperous World at Peace. Ed. by Mark Tovey. This book contains key essays from all major figures in the field. Full online version 
- Handbook of Collective Intelligence By Thomas W. Malone et al.: This Handbook provides a survey of the field of collective intelligence, summarizing what is known, providing references to sources for further information, and suggesting possibilities for future research.
Pages in category "Intelligence"
The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 703 total.(previous page) (next page)
- Ecology of Attention
- Effects of Algorithm Awareness
- Embedded Knowledge
- Embodied Cognition
- Embodied Perception
- Emergence of a Global Brain
- Emergence of Global Consciousness and its Impact on the System of Global Governance
- Emergent Dialogue Lab
- Emphatic Civilization
- Epistemic Experimental Communities
- Epistemic Regards and Plurality of Schools on Food as a Commons
- Epistemological Solipsism
- Epistemologies of the South
- Epistemology of Otherness
- Epistemology of Peer Production
- Epistemology of Wikipedia
- Eric and Brett Weinstein on the Distributed Idea Suppression Complex
- Ethics of Intrasubjectivity
- Ethnography of Wikipedia
- Evaluating Spiritual and Utopian Groups
- Everipedia Network
- Evolution of Cognition
- Evolution of Consciousness According to Jean Gebser
- Evolution's Arrow
- Evolutionary Manifesto
- Evolutionary Psychology
- Extended Intelligence
- Fablab Common Description Language
- Ferananda Ibarra
- Field Typology
- Filter Bubble
- Flat World Navigation, Collaboration and Networking
- Florian Cramer on the German WikiWars and the Limits of Objectivism
- Fluid Intelligence
- Folk Commons
- Folksonomy Enrichment
- Forms of Consciousness and the Forms of the Commons
- Fourth Order Cybernetics
- Fourth Singularity
- Framework for Augmenting the Collective Intelligence of the Ecosystem of Commons-based Initiatives
- François Grey on Distributed Computing and Thinking
- Free Revealing
- Freedom of the Press Foundation
- From Systems Thinking to Systems Being
- Fuzzy Cognitive Maps
- Gamer Intelligence
- Gebser’s 19 Criteria to Appraise Aperspectival Movements and Tendencies
- General Intellect
- Genius Factor
- George Pór
- Gifts of Athena
- Global Brain
- Global Coherence Initiative
- Global Commons as New Hope for Noosphere and Noopolitik
- Global Consciousness
- Global Consciousness Project
- Global Crisis of Measurement
- Global Foresight Commons
- Global Integral-Spiritual Commons
- Global Mind
- Global Tapestry of Alternatives
- Good Faith Collaboration as the Culture of Wikipedia
- Google and the World Brain
- Google as the Digital Gutenberg
- Grand Narratives After Post-Modernism
- Graves’s Double Helix Theory
- Great Information Transitions in the Past and the Present
- Group Genius
- Group Pattern Language
- Group Works
- Handbook of Collective Intelligence
- Hanlon's Razor
- Harnessing the Collective Intelligence of the Web
- Heterodox Academy
- Hidden Transcripts
- Historic Food Transitions Enabling Growth in Human Intelligence
- History of Meaning-Making
- Hokkaido-8 Symposium on Evolving Science
- Holomidal Collective Intelligence
- Horizon Scanning
- Horizontal Information Seeking
- How Cooking Made Us Human
- How the Collaborative Economy Is Recreating Collective Meaning
- How the Internet Creates Relational/Ecological Forms of Awareness
- How to Thrive Online
- Howard Rheingold Interviews Robin Good about Online Content Curation
- Howard Rheingold on Reclaiming the Attention Commons
- Hyper Attention
- Ian MacKenzie and Pravin Pillay on the Epistemology and Spirituality of Occupy Wall Street
- Identity Epistemology
- In Search of Democratic Academic Publishing Strategies
- Incongruity of the Aperspectival View
- Information Bundling
- Information Cascades
- Information Diet
- Information Economy Meta Language
- Information Foraging
- Information Maintainers
- Information Overload
- Information Sharing Practices of FabLabs and Hackerspaces in the UK
- Innovation Networks
- Institutional Resilience in Non Conventional Economic Systems
- Integration as scientific method
- Integrative Complexity
- Intellectual Debt
- Intellectual Work
- Interaction Models
- Internet Lacks Centripetal Processes That Would Make It a Efficient Accountability and Disputation Arena
- Interoperability of Knowledge
- Introduction to Mind Amplifiers
- Introduction to Open Annotation by Hypothesis
- Introduction to Open Knowledge and Open Learning
- Introduction to the PsyCommons
- Invitational Journals Based upon Peer Review
- Jaap van Till on Structures for Collective Learning Organizations and Connected Collaboration
- James Surowiecki on the Wisdom of Crowds
- Jamie Wheal On Collective Sensemaking in an Age of Existential Risk
- Jan Krewer
- Jaron Lanier on Digital Maoism
- Jason Kottke on Curating the Web
- Jean Gebser's Five Structures of Consciousness
- Jean-François Noubel on Collective Intelligence
- Jean-François Noubel on Collective Intelligence and Invisible Architectures
- Jeanette Hofmann on Wikipedia between Emancipation and Self-Regulation
- Jeff Howe on the Creative Wisdom of the Crowd
- Jeremy Pitt on Transforming Big Data into Collective Awareness
- Jerry Muller on the Tyranny of Metrics
- Jim Rough on the Wisdom Council Methodology
- Johan Bollen on Modeling Collective Mood States from Large-Scale Social Media Data
- John Arquilla and David Ronfeldt on the Rise of the Noosphere, Noopolitik and Information-Age Statecraft
- John Wilbanks on Libraries and the Commons
- Joseph Reagle on the Collaborative Culture of Wikipedia
- Journal of Free Software and Free Knowledge
- Joël de Rosnay on Internet Epigenetics
- Juho Salminen on Crowdsourcing Sites Focusing on Innovation
- Jurisprudence of the Mind
- Kern Beare on Technology for Global Consciousness
- Kevin Rose on Digging a Smarter Crowd
- Knowing Field
- Knowing Knowledge
- Knowledge Bridges
- Knowledge Broker
- Knowledge Building Community
- Knowledge Democracy
- Knowledge Federation
- Knowledge Governance
- Knowledge Networks
- Knowledge Sharing
- Knowledge Society
- Knowledge Spillovers
- Knowledge Stewardship for Open Development and Open Data
- Knowledge Workers
- Knowledge, Culture and Science as Commons
- Knowmad Society
- La Anécdota/es
- Latitudes of Acceptance
- Law of Complexity - Consciousness
- Lawrence Liang on the Authority of Knowledge in Wikipedia
- Lee Bryant on Collective Intelligence inside the Enterprise
- Libraries as Commons
- Local Knowledge Production
- Logic Trees for Inclusive Discourse
- Low Theory