This section is dedicated to monitoring P2P-influenced concepts and practices related to Collective Intelligence, Knowledge Management, epistemology, etc...
At this state we only ported a limited number of items from our related section on P2P Learning, i.e. the relevant entries from A to H.
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Short Citations
- 3 Long Citations
- 4 Framework
- 5 Related Wiki Sections
- 6 Key Resources
- David Weinberger: Objectivity without Transparency is Arrogance
- Introduction by Toni Prug: We need Open Process Search Systems.
Rule Number One is to pay attention. Rule Number Two might be: Attention is a limited resource, so pay attention to where you pay attention.
- Howard Rheingold 
"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident."
- Arthur Schopenhauer
Systems thinking has a certain simplicity and elegance to it — basically, a shift from seeing the world as a machine to understanding it as a network… To deal with nonlinear systems requires a change of perspective from objects to relationships, from measuring to mapping, and this is why visual thinking becomes important.”
~ Fritjof Capra 
"Co-intelligence is the capacity to call forth the wisdom and resources of the whole and its members to enhance the longterm vitality of the whole and its members." Collectively, a community has more - and more diverse - information, perspective, and resources than any individual has. A wise community, a wise leader, and a wise democracy will use that rich diversity creatively and interactively. The diversity will then be mutually enhancing rather than mutually problematic. The appropriate role of the state is to create enabling conditions for that to happen at all levels and in all sectors and facets of society.
- Tom Atlee 
The systematic extensions of my brain is the brain of my friends. No matter how good tagging systems and wikis I have, they are neither sustainable nor scalable, when facing the tsunami of complexity waves coming at us faster and faster. The coming chaos is evolution trick’s to push us out from the comfortable but illusory thinking of the individual being the basic cognitive unit. IMHO, it’s the collective.
- George Por
Experience has long been considered the best teacher of knowledge. Since we cannot experience everything, other people’s experiences, and hence other people, become the surrogate, of knowledge. I store my knowledge in my friends is an axiom for collecting knowledge through collecting people.
To survive and thrive, human systems *need* a not just a network view, but a multi-dimensional, multi-scaled view and definition of systems. this will help us see how many, many people can operate and multiply many forms of wealth within systems that previously seemed easily depletable. Peer networks are vital to creating the multi-dimensional maps and models and views that will allow all of us to see the cornacopia of options that now exist, provided we can shift out focus from exploitation and control, to existential symbiosis with everything that is around us, on as many scales as possible.
- Sam Rose
"From a very early age, we are taught to break apart problems, to fragment the world. This apparently makes complex tasks and subjects more manageable, but we pay a hidden, enormous price. We can no longer see the consequences of our actions; we lose our intrinisic sense of connection to a larger whole. When we then try to ‘see the big picture,’ we try to reassemble the fragments in our minds, to list and organize all the pieces. But, as physicist David Bohm says, the task is futile–similar to trying to reassemble the fragments of a broken mirror to see a true reflection. Thus, after a while we give up trying to see the whole altogether."
- Peter Senge 
We Need to Repair the bridge between rationality and meta-rationality
"Kegan describes three stages of adult development (numbered 3, 4, and 5). We could call them pre-rational, rational, and meta-rational. These stages are distinctive, internally consistent, relatively-well-functioning modes for organizing one’s thinking, one’s self, and one’s relationships. They might be described as “islands of psychological stability.” To progress from one island to the next, you must cross a heaving sea of psychological confusion, in which the previous mode no longer seems functional, but you cannot yet operate in the next mode reliably. These stage transitions are emotionally and cognitively difficult, and typically take several years, during which one may think, feel, and act inconsistently.
Ideally, a society and culture provides “bridges” of support from one stage to the next. To some extent, ours does. However, Kegan pointed out that we have allowed the bridge from stage 3 to 4 to fall into disrepair. We are not adequately teaching young adults how to be rational, systematic, or modern. This is the central theme of his In Over Our Heads: The Mental Demands of Modern Life.
This problem seems to have only gotten worse in the two decades since he wrote that. That is what makes me fear civilizational collapse. Keeping modern institutions operating requires cognitively modern, rational operators. We may be destroying the conditions necessary to produce them." (https://meaningness.com/metablog/stem-fluidity-bridge?)
The Next Civil War will be one over Collective Intelligence
"The conflict of the 21st Century is about forming a Collective Intelligence that can outwit and out innovate all of its competitors. The central challenge is to innovate a way of collaborating and cohering individuals that maximally deploys their individual perspectives, capabilities, understandings and insights with each-other. Right now, the Trump Insurgency has the edge. It has discovered some key ways to tap into the power of decentralized collective intelligence and this is its principal advantage. While it is definitely not a mature version of a decentralized collective intelligence, it is substantially more so than any collective intelligence with which it is competing and unless and until a more effective decentralized collective intelligence enters the field, this advantage is enough."
- Jordan Greenhall 
Individuals can't think non-linearly, only collectives can
"By yourself, you can’t think non-linearly. This isn’t your fault. Individual human beings can’t think non-linearly. Only “collective intelligences,” those agents of “inter-subjective consciousness” can. To put it more simply, we implement and do things as individuals. We innovate as tribes. And the world we live in today — the world of the 21st Century — is a world of continuous innovation. In this environment, for the first time ever in history, the ability to innovate is decisively superior to the ability to deploy power."
- Jordan Greenhall 
Meta-theory as humanity’s vocabulary of self-transformation
"[With] self-consciousness comes the possibility of transforming ourselves by adopting new vocabularies, redescribing, and so reconstructing our selves and discursive institutions. While all of us are in some sense consumers of such new vocabularies, it is the special calling of some to produce them. And among those producers some take the construction of unique, potentially transformative vocabularies as the project by commitment to which they understand and define themselves. Among that group, some seek to produce those new vocabularies precisely by trying to understated the phenomena of sapience, normativity, conceptuality, reason, freedom, expression, self-consciousness, self-constitution, and historical transformation by subversive, empowering vocabularies. Those are the philosophers. They are charged neither with simply understanding human nature (human history), nor with simply changing it, but with changing it by understanding it."
—Robert B. Brandom (2009, p. 150) 
Dave Snowden has proposed the Cynefin framework for identifying the best match between knowledge styles and reality:
"It has five domains, characterised by the relationship between cause and effect. The first four domains are:
- Simple, in which the relationship between cause and effect is obvious to all, the approach is to Sense - Categorise - Respond and we can apply best practice.
- Complicated, in which the relationship between cause and effect requires analysis or some other form of investigation and/or the application of expert knowledge, the approach is to Sense - Analyze - Respond and we can apply good practice.
- Complex, in which the relationship between cause and effect can only be perceived in retrospect, but not in advance, the approach is to Probe - Sense - Respond and we can sense emergent practice.
- Chaotic, in which there is no relationship between cause and effect at systems level, the approach is to Act - Sense - Respond and we can discover novel practice.
The fifth domain is Disorder, which is the state of not knowing what type of causality exists, in which state people will revert to the comfort zone in making a decision." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cynefin)
See the video: Shawn Callahan on the Cynefin Framework
- One species, many minds: The official future. We interbreed among our genetic improvements and keep our individuality distinct, and our species identity intact.
- One species, one mind: Through electronic mediation, we join together to create a superorganism. A suprahuman.
- Many species, many minds: Ultimate diversity. Humans fork in their evolution to create new breeds. Some may even join machines in cyborgian partnerships.
- Many species, one mind: We fork in biology but unite in the noosphere. Millions of species share the same mind.
"We can argue that there are a range of different models of collective intelligence shaping the digital realm at the present time. We might distinguish broadly between three different models:
1) An aggregative model which assumes that we can collect data based on the autonomous and anonymous decisions of “the crowd” and use it to gain insights into their collective behavior. This is the model which shapes Digg and to some degree, YouTube.
2) a curatorial model where grassroots intermediaries seek to represent their various constituencies and bring together information that they think is valuable. This is the model which shapes the blogosphere.
3) a deliberative model where many different voices come together, define problems, vet information, and find solutions which would be impossible for any individual to achieve. This is the model shaping Wikipedia or even more powerfully alternate universe games. Of the three, the deliberative model offers the most democratic potentials, especially when it is tempered by ethical and political commitments to diversity. This is the model which Pierre Levy describes in his book, Collective Intelligence. Levy’s account stresses the affirmative value placed on diversity in such a culture. The more diverse the community, the broader range of possible information and insights can inform the deliberative process." (http://henryjenkins.org/2009/11/reflections_on_cultural_politi_1.html)
Related Wiki Sections
- Material on "Participation"
- Examining the new relationality and cooperative individualism
- The emerging sharing economy
- Cooperation and cooperatives
- Material on "Facilitation"
- The Social Brain Hypothesis, (2016: no longer at www.liv.ac.uk/evolpsyc/Evol_Anthrop_6.pdf ) essay where Robin Dunbar explains the cognitive limitations of his Dunbar Number
- The Social Brain Hypothesis and Human Evolution, Robin Dunbar
- Book: Collective Intelligence: Creating a Prosperous at Peace. Ed. by Mark Tovey.
- Great Information Transitions in the Past and the Present. By René Barsalo.
- Emergence of a Global Brain. Francis Heylighen
- Science of Collective Intelligence. Norman L Johnson
- Civic Intelligence and the Public Sphere. Douglas Schuler
- Co-intelligence, Collective Intelligence, and Conscious Evolution. Tom Atlee
- Kingsley Dennis on The Great Acceleration: The Astounding Growth in the Psychological Evolution of the Human Self.
- Moving from Binary to Ternary Thinking. John Michael Greer
- Collective Sense-Making as Negotiated Agreement. Harold Jarche
- The Evolution of Cognition. William L. Benzon and David G. Hays. 
- The Broken Bridge between Rationality and Meta-Rationality
- Harnessing Crowds: Mapping the Genome of Collective Intelligence. By Thomas Malone, Robert Laubacher, and Chrysanthos Dellarocas. 
- What is Collective Intelligence? Thomas Malone
- Cultivating Collective Intelligence Leadership. George Pór
- Evolutionary Worldview Rising, Integral Leadership Review, http://www.integralleadershipreview.com/archives-2010/2010-06/2010-06-notes-por.php
- Collective Intelligence and Collective Leadership: Twin Paths to Beyond Chaos, University of Amsterdam, http://sprouts.aisnet.org/8-2/
- Connecting Our Conversations for Becoming Wiser Together, Kosmos Journal, http://www.community-intelligence.com/?q=node/104
- Collective Intelligence as a Field of Multi-disciplinary Study and Practice, Evolutionary Nexus, http://www.evolutionarynexus.org/node/606
- Designing for the Emergence of a Global-scale Collective Intelligence, The First Global Brain Workshop, http://www.community-intelligence.com/?q=node/106
- Nurturing Systemic Wisdom through Knowledge Ecology, The Systems Thinker, http://www.community-intelligence.com/?q=node/98
- Quest for Collective Intelligence, Community Building: Renewing Spirit and Learning in Business, http://www.visionnest.com/btbc/cb/chapters/quest.htm
- Report: Rapid Decision Making for Complex Issues. HOW TECHNOLOGIES OF COOPERATION CAN HELP. Andrea Saveri and Howard Rheingold. INSTITUTE FOR THE FUTURE, 2005.
- Towards Healthy Virtual Selves for Collective Groups; From the recommended essay: How to Build the Global Mind
- Harnessing the Collective Intelligence of the Web.
- The evolution of consciousness, rooted in complexity and cognitive sciences. See Stewart, J. E. (2007) The future evolution of consciousness, Journal of Consciousness Studies, Vol. 14, No. 8, Pp. 58-92.
- Evolutionary Manifesto ; book: Evolution's Arrow
- David Pitt & Paul R. Samson (eds.), The Biosphere and Noosphere Reader: Global Environment, Society and Change (1998) download
- George Dyson. Darwin Among the Machines: The Evolution Of Global Intelligence: wonderful history of the network mind
- Otto Laske. Manual of Dialectical Thought Forms.
- COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE: Creating a Prosperous World at Peace. Ed. by Mark Tovey. This book contains key essays from all major figures in the field. Full online version 
- Handbook of Collective Intelligence By Thomas W. Malone et al.: This Handbook provides a survey of the field of collective intelligence, summarizing what is known, providing references to sources for further information, and suggesting possibilities for future research.
Pages in category "Intelligence"
The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 721 total.(previous page) (next page)
- Abundance Logic
- Abundance Logic vs Scarcity Logic
- Abundance vs. Scarcity Mentality
- Access to Knowledge Movement
- Active Hope
- Adam Hyde on Open Web Book Sprints
- AI Index
- Akasha Foundation
- Alberto Cottica on Designing Collective Intelligence
- Alexander Wissner-Gross on Planetary Scale Intelligence
- Alexandria Decentralized Library
- Alg-a Lab/es
- Alterglobalization Movement - Epistemological Aspects
- Altitude Lens Sickness
- Amit Basole on Knowledge Satyagraha and the People’s Knowledge Movement
- Amit Basole on the Knowledge Satyagraha People’s Knowledge Movement
- Andrew Famiglietti on the the Neutral Point of View's Effect on the Moral Economy of Wikipedia
- Andy Clark on Extended Mind
- Anna De Liddo
- Anneloes Smitsman and Michel Bauwens on Mental Models for Systems Change
- Anthropomorphic vs Therianthropic Representations
- Appreciative Inquiry Commons
- Argument Map
- Art Commons in a Social Knowledge Economy
- Artificial General Intelligence
- Astounding Growth in the Psychological Evolution of the Human Self
- Athina Karatzogianni on Wikipedia’s Impact on the Global Power-Knowledge Hierarchies
- Attention Blindness
- Attention Scarcity
- Attentional Capital and the Ecology of Online Social Networks
- Augmented Social Cognition
- Authorship Through Networks
- Awareness Design
- Axemaker's Gift
- Benjamin Mako Hill on What Eight Collaborative Encyclopedia Projects Reveal About Mechanisms of Collective Action
- Bicameral Brain
- Biosphere and Noosphere Reader
- Blue Brain Project
- Bonnitta Roy, Nora Bateson, and Ria Baeck on Developing Collective Wisdom
- Border Knowledges
- Bronac Ferran, and Andrew Prescott on Contemporary Making as a New Way of Thinking
- Camera Libre
- Capability Approach
- Carlos Castillo on Finding High Quality Content in Social Media
- Case Study on Strategic Tagging
- Cass Sunstein on Infotopia, Information and Decision-Making
- Center for Pattern Literacy
- Change A View
- Chris Anderson on How Web Video Powers Global Innovation
- Chris Dede on Neomillenial Learning Styles
- Circle Organization
- Civic Intelligence and the Public Sphere
- Clare Graves on his Levels of Existence Psychology
- Clay Shirky on Constructive Criticism for Peer Collaboration
- Clay Shirky on the Cognitive Surplus
- Climate CoLab
- Co-Creative Event Pattern Language
- Co-Creative Recipes
- Co-Intelligence Institute
- Co-intelligence, Collective Intelligence, and Conscious Evolution
- Cognitive Computing
- Cognitive Diversity
- Cognitive Policy
- Cognitive Surplus
- Collaboration and Collective Intelligence
- Collaboration by Difference
- Collaboration Theory
- Collaborative Evolution Network
- Collaborative Intelligence
- Collaborative Knowledge Building and Integral Theory
- Collaborative Moderation
- Collaborative Ontology
- Collaborative Rationality
- Collective Action
- Collective Artificial Intelligence
- Collective Awareness Platforms
- Collective Consciousness
- Collective Insight
- Collective Intellectual
- Collective Intelligence
- Collective Intelligence and Collective Leadership
- Collective Intelligence and Neutral Point of View in the Case of Wikipedia
- Collective Intelligence is a Commons That Needs a Dedicated Language
- Collective Intelligence Net
- Collective Intelligence Research Institute
- Collective Leadership
- Collective Presencing
- Collective Sense-Making as Negotiated Agreement
- Collective Thinking
- Collective Wisdom
- Collectively Intelligent Systems
- Common Crawl
- Common Libraries
- Commoning Social Life
- Commons of Capability
- Commons State
- Commonwealth of Knowledge
- Communal Validation
- Community Control of Knowledge
- Community Intelligence
- Community Knowledge Gardening
- Community Knowledge Hub for Libraries
- Community Managed Libraries
- Complex Potential States Theory
- Concept Web
- Conceptual Integration Techniques
- Confirmation Bias
- Connected Consciousness
- Connective Knowledge
- Connectivist Learning Theory - Siemens
- Conscious Evolution
- Consensus Web Filters
- Contemplating the More-than-Human Commons
- Continuing Promise of the Noosphere and Noopolitik
- Convergent vs Divergent Reasoning
- Cooperative Intelligence
- Cosmos Coop
- CQ - Collaborative Intelligence
- Creación Libre/es
- Creating Invisible Architectures for Collective Wisdom
- Critical Analysis of Social Democratic and Critical Theories of the Intellectual Commons
- Critical Realism
- Critical Reflection On The Three Pillars Of Transdisciplinarity
- Critical Thinking
- Critical Thinking Compendium
- Critical Wikipedia Reader
- Critique of Empathy
- Crowd IPR
- Cultivating Collective Intelligence Leadership
- Cultural History of Humanity's Search for Meaning
- Cultural Intelligence
- Culture in Mind
- Cybernetic Balance
- Cynefin Framework
- D.I.Y. Macroeconomics
- Dan Mapes on Planetary Regeneration and the Techno-Optimistic Worldview
- Dan Robles on Dissolving Big Data with P2P Knowledge Economies
- Daniel Domscheit-Berg on OpenLeaks
- Daniel Goleman on Achieving Ecological Intelligence in Practice through Technology
- Daniel Schmachtenberger on Better Sensemaking
- Darwin Among the Machines
- Darwin and the Battle for 21st Century Mind
- Data Collaborative
- Dave Pollard on Personal Knowledge Management
- David Brin and Sheldon Brown on Massive Collaborative Problem-Solving
- David Garcia on Collective Emotions in the Internet Society
- David Gurteen on Incentivizing Sharing in Knowledge Management
- David Swedlow on Beyond Folksonomies
- David Warlick on Redefining Literacies for the 21st Century
- David Weinberger
- David Weinberger on Everything Is Miscellaneous
- David Weinberger on How the P2P Information Explosion Will Transform Business
- David Weinberger on Tagging and Folksonomies
- David Weinberger on the Transformation of Knowledge
- David Weinberger on What Information Was
- Decentralized Community-Controlled Digital Library
- Decline of Wikipedia
- Deep Search
- Deficit Thinking
- Deletionism and Inclusionism in Wikipedia
- Democratic Curation
- Democratic Reason
- Design Criteria for a Global Brain
- Design for Cognitive Justice
- Design Pattern
- Dialogical Nature of Human Activity
- Diane Musho Hamilton on Conflict and Collective Intelligence
- Digital Curation
- Digital Curator
- Digital Literacy
- Digital Preservation Coalition
- Disenclosing the Crises of Imagination and Power
- Distributed Advancement of Knowledge
- Distributed Cognition
- Distributed Cognition Theory - Hutchins
- Distributed Genius