Category:Corona Solidarity Initiatives

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= Commons-oriented, P2P-driven, open source initiatives to help combat the outbreak of Covid-19

What is the difference between this and other directories ? There are many good directories on Corona solutions and initiatives out there, and they are listed here as well. However these directories are specialized by community of practice, topic or locality. This directory attempts to operate at the global meta-level, offering a fuller picture of what is happening.

This guide focuses on:

1) initiatives from open source communities and open hardware medical devices 2) grassroots-based mutual aid initiatives 3) the wider context of societal effects and policy proposals and reforms, from a p2p/commons point of view.

  • The P2P Foundation supports the following collaborative initiative: Viral Solidarity an open and collaborative wiki to map, connect and organize information channels, solidarity initiatives, innovation and social cooperation from local to global in response to the pandemic". [1]


General Context

(this companion article, explains the specific moment in human history, see: The Pulsation of the Commons: The temporal context for the cosmo-local transition. By Michel Bauwens, with Jose Ramos. P2P Foundation, 2020.

Key insights


  • "The specter of massive layoffs and unemployment has already led to levels of state intervention to protect citizens and businesses that were previously unthinkable.bCoronavirus has already been more effective in slowing down climate breakdown and ecological collapse than all the world’s policy initiatives combined. As supply lines break down, communities will look to local and regional producers for their daily needs." [2]. By Jeremy Lent.
  • If you ask yourself 'what went wrong' in the response to Corona, this is the best article on the longer term I have read so far [3]: our governments ignored the 'carrying capacity' of our health system, just as our socio-economic system ignores the basic 'tresholds and allocations' inherent in our planetary boundaries.

"What’s particularly pernicious about crossing carrying capacity thresholds is the potential for amplifying feedback loops to trigger tipping points, thus exiting the relative stability of an existing state of a system in a non-linear phase shift to an altogether different (and inherently unpredictable) systemic state. Think of climate chaos as transgressing the carrying capacity threshold of temperature stability (the best science says the dividing line is 1.5C) tipping us into a hothouse earth, or the spontaneous 1960s riots against racism in the US or the more recent Arab Spring that crossed the carrying capacity of social justice. In each of these instances, there are vital resources that underpin stable systems, and if these resources are depleted, or if we fail to regenerate new resources, we risk crossing carrying capacity thresholds."

  • Coronavirus, synchronous failure and the global phase-shift by Nafeez Ahmed. A systems analysis uncovering the light at the end of the tunnel. [4]: analysis


  • COVID-19 and Circuits of Capital : Crucial article for understanding the distinction between the suppression strategies in East Asia (short term pain) from the mitigation strategies in Europe and the US (long term pain)
  • Rodrick Wallace, “Pandemic Firefighting vs. Pandemic Fire Prevention” (unpublished manuscript, March 20, 2020). "Context counts for pandemic infection, and current political structures that allow multinational agricultural enterprises to privatize profits while externalizing and socializing costs, must become subject to “code enforcement” that reinternalizes those costs if truly mass-fatal pandemic disease is to be avoided in the near future." (no URL)
  • Physical distancing only mitigates the rate of infection. Mass testing, and industrial mobilization, is the only thing that can actually really suppress it. [5]
  • A call to honesty in pandemic modeling: By Maria Chikina and Wesley Pegden: " Public health depends on public trust. If we claim now that our models show that 2 months of mitigations will cut deaths by 90%, why will anyone believe us 2 months from now when the story has to change?"
  • The interesting medical/societal analysis by medical anthropologist Jean-Dominique Michel:

"It is in this complicated paradox between the great harmlessness of the virus for the vast majority of people and its extreme dangerousness in some cases that we found ourselves stuck. We then adopted measures that were absolutely contrary to good practice: we stopped screening people who might be ill, pleading for the confining the population as a whole to stop the spread of the virus. These measures were actually medieval and problematic, since they only slowed down the epidemic at the risk of producing potentially even worse rebound phenomena. And too, they lock up everyone while only a small minority is affected. Conversely, all public health recommendations call for social distancing combined with detecting as many cases as possible, and confining positive cases only, until they are no longer contagious. Confinement of everyone is a poor second-best way to deal with the epidemic, one that is due to the lack of everything that would enable us to fight it effectively... Why did it come to this? Simply because we failed to set up the proper responses from the outset. The lack of tests and screening measures in particular is emblematic of this shipwreck: while Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore and China made these their top priority, we were unbelievably passive in organizing such technically simple action." [6]

Recommended Reading


  • Viral Solidarity an open and collaborative wiki to map, connect and organize information channels, solidarity initiatives, innovation and social cooperation from local to global in response to the pandemic".
  • Crowdfight COVID-19: An initiative from the scientific community to put all available resources at the service of the fight against COVID-19
  • LitCovid is a curated literature hub for tracking up-to-date scientific information about the 2019 novel Coronavirus. It is the most comprehensive resource on the subject, providing a central access to 1558 (and growing) relevant articles in PubMed.

  • See below in the Encyclopedia, but also:


  • Covid Risk, app: "an app to collect and track risks of infection at the individual level, using Bluetooth and GPS data, while (miraculously) safeguarding privacy". []
  • project: NextTrace aims to coordinate test results and contact tracing to enable public health decisions [7]
  • Trace Together (Singapore): "taps Bluetooth signals to detect other participating mobile devices in close proximity to allow them to identify those who have been in close contact when needed." [8]



  • the National Emergency Library, a collection of books that supports emergency remote teaching, research activities, independent scholarship, and intellectual stimulation while universities, schools, training centers, and libraries are closed

Some recommended reads:

  • Rebecca Solnit. Paradise Built in Hell: The [[Extraordinary Communities That Arise in Disaster[[. Penguin 2010 [9]: "how people behave collectively in the face of stunning disasters"


By Country



By Country

  • Netherlands: Code for NL, map: [11]

Scientific Resources

  • Crowdfight COVID-19: An initiative from the scientific community to put all available resources at the service of the fight against COVID-19
  • Evidence Aid: "The COVID-19 (Coronavirus) pandemic is leading to a rapidly expanding and evolving literature. Evidence Aid is preparing summaries of relevant research which are available below as soon as each is ready."
  • LitCovid is a curated literature hub for tracking up-to-date scientific information about the 2019 novel Coronavirus. It is the most comprehensive resource on the subject, providing a central access to 1558 (and growing) relevant articles in PubMed.
  • NJEM Coronavirus: A collection of articles and other res(ources on the Coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak, including clinical reports, management guidelines, and commentary
  • Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service: "The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine develops, promotes and disseminates better evidence for healthcare."


  • Project Lockdown: How a young man survives the COVID-19 lockdown— and thrives [12]


By Topic

Context Future Scenarios for Emerging Infectious Diseases: Sohail Inatullah on the "predictability of the Coronavirus outbreak"

Business and Labor Support

By country


Environmental Issues

Market and State Failures

Contextual Quote

"institutional failings have hampered the response to the outbreak of the virus. For instance, Chinese authorities responded to reports of a potential SARS outbreak in early January by arresting eight people for “spreading rumors”. The World Heath Organization announced in mid-January that there was no evidence of human-to-human transmission, ignoring warnings from Taiwanese health authorities sent in December. (Taiwan, which has not had an outbreak, is not allowed to participate in the WHO due to political pressure from China, which views it as a breakaway province). In the US, the CDC prevented testing in the early stages of the outbreak while containment was still possible, and elected officials dumped millions in stock while doing nothing to mobilize resources or prepare a response."



  • low-wage-sector companies are now exacerbating the spread of COVID-19, insofar as they refused to pay their workers sick pay, forcing them to go to work.


Arguments review

State failures:

Summary of the arguments:

  • austerity policies destroyed public health infrastructure
  • failure to plan for pandemicc
  • failure to act on time to mitigate or suppress the virus
  • lack of public healtn insure forces workers to continue to work
  • lack of support for freelance and independent workers

Market failure:

Summary of the arguments:

  • price gouging of medical devices
  • failure to produce medical producs and devices needed for pandemics

Medical Issues

  • The ethics of triage NJEM

Mental Health Resources

  • Corona virus anxiety: "Resources for anxiety and your mental health in a global climate of uncertainty". [15]

Mitigation Strategies

The successful ones so far

Mutual Aid

  • Next Door: "I find good ol' Next Door App to be helpful if you want to offer your own services or look for help." [17]

By Country

  • China: "In Wuhan, as soon as public transport was suspended, volunteer drivers created a community fleet, transporting medical workers between their homes and hospitals." [18]
  • Czechia: Students in Prague are babysitting the children of doctors and nurses. [19]
  • India: "young people have self-organised on a massive scale to provide aid packages for “daily wagers”: people without savings or stores, who rely entirely on cash flow that has now been cut off." [20]
  • Ireland: "balcony bingo: the caller sits in the square between the blocks of flats with a large speaker, while the players sit on their balconies, taking down the numbers." [21]
  • Norway: a group of people who have recovered from Covid-19 provide services that would be dangerous for non-immune people to offer. [22]
  • Serbia: In Belgrade volunteers organise virtual coffee mornings and crisis counselling. [23]



South Africa

  • "communities in Johannesburg have made survival packs for people in informal settlements: hand sanitiser, toilet paper, bottled water and food." [24]
  • "In Cape Town, a local group has GIS mapped all the district’s households, surveyed the occupants, and assembled local people with medical expertise, ready to step in if the hospitals are overwhelmed." [25] [26]
  • "Another community in the city has built washstands in the train station and is working to turn a pottery studio into a factory making sanitiser." [27]


  • A mothers’ running group in Bristol have restyled themselves “drug runners”, keeping fit by delivering medicines from chemists’ shops to people who can’t leave their homes. [28]


  • Intellihelp: "Cohesive, no-nonsense support community connecting those needing help with those who can give it."


  • HospitalHero connects healthcare workers who don’t have time to meet their own needs with people who can offer meals and accommodation. [30]
  • A group called WePals, created by an eight-year-old, sets up virtual play dates for children. [31]
  • A new website,, finds teaching, meals and emergency childcare for overstretched parents. [32]
  • A network called Money During Corona texts news of job opportunities to people looking for work. [33]

For particular places and communities

  • Ann Arbor: the Kekere Emergency Childcare Collective has formed as a response to Coronavirus related school closures. The group is striving to organize mutual aid childcare for families
  • NY/NJ: invisible Hands, Free deliveries for the most at-risk community members, [34]: "1,300 volunteers in 72 hours to deliver groceries and medicine to older New Yorkers and other vulnerable people"

Social Inequality

  • Paul Engler: How progressive and solidaristic impulses have come to the fore in response to Trigger Events [35]

Solidarity Economy / Social Economy / Cooperatives


Policies (laws and proposals)

Actual policies, voted in parliaments or decided by governments, or at least serious policy and legal propositions:

Policy (debates and interventions)


  • The Covid19 Emergency Is a Green One: A message to European finance ministers to double down on European Green Deal as the economic response to the Corona-pandemic. By Sandrine Dixson-Declève, Hunter Lovins, Kate Raworth, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber. Club of Rome, 20/3/2020
  • The Economic Case for Post-Corona Low-carbon Development: "pursuing low-carbon and climate-resilient growth is the best way to unlock lasting economic and social benefits. Bold climate action could deliver at least $26 trillion in net global economic benefits between now and 2030 compared with business-as-usual according to the New Climate Economy"




By Country

  • UK: Call for a Post-Pandemic Plan: Adam Lent argues we need to start thinking now about a post-pandemic plan focused on building stronger communities and a resilient economy.
  • USA: A group of experts from academia and civil society, many of whom advised the presidential campaigns of Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders, have issued a detailed call for “Green Stimulus To Rebuild Our Economy.” The open letter for members of Congress calls for “an ambitious Green Stimulus of at least $2 trillion” [36]

By Language and Country

Asian Countries




  • Hack Corona [37]: Dutch Hacking Health initiative
  • Molecular Modelling Project Wetenschappelijk onderzoek (drug discovery corona) [38]
  • Open State Foundation: ‘tracker lokale en regionale covid-19-maatregelen’ gestart: In dit openbare bestand worden maatregelen van gemeenten en veiligheidsregio’s verzameld, 600+ maatregelen in GoogleDoc





  • More than 500 @CovidAidUK community support groups spring up as neighbours offer support during Coronavirus outbreak.' [40]
  • Covid 19 Mutual Aid Groups (UK), 931 listed on google doc [41]


  • Covid-19 Financial Solidarity, Oakland, US: " inspiring prototype out of Oakland that has facilitated hundreds of financial transactions to those disproportionately impacted: [42]
  • San Diego (county-wide) COVID-19 Mutual Aid Volunteer [43]
  • How Can I Help? - SF Bay Area [44]


"Il n’y aura pas de « sortie de crise » sans un bouleversement majeur de l’organisation sociale et économique actuelle"


  • Code-Virus: "constitution d’un collectif de travail interdisciplinaire en sciences humaines et sociales CODE-VIRUS (Coordination interDisciplinaire pour l’Etude de l’impact sociétal du CoronaVIRUS) . Objectif : Suivre, documenter et anticiper collectivement et de manière interdisciplinaire les conséquences de la pandémie de Coronavirus sur nos modes de vie, nos organisations et nos territoires" [45]. Contact : [email protected]


  • La Plateforme de Microbiologie Mutualisée (P2M) est ouverte à l’ensemble des laboratoires de référence de l’Institut Pasteur, à Paris et dans le Réseau International. Dans un esprit de mutualisation technologique, P2M regroupe les demandes et permet ainsi l’utilisation en routine, jusqu’ici impossible du séquençage à haut débit multi-pathogènes (NGS par les technologies illumina et Ion Torrent). [46]
  • OpenCOVID19-fr: Organisation informelle issue de la société civile dont l'objet est de consolider des données et de proposer des outils de visualisation concernant l'épidémie de COVID19 en France. [47]

Initiatives limitees a un lieu particulier :

(via Pierre PP)

  1. Paris :

Reseaux Sociaux :

  1. Covid-entraide infos France a des groupes facebook et telegram :
  2. Dont le groupe Coronavirus - Infos pratiques :
  3. Marie covid 19 infos :


  • Covid-19 aide communautaire Montreal fb ; [Covid-19 aide communautaire Montreal [48]



Spanish Language

  • Peer/citizen produced guides to cope with the virus. Social innovation and civic resilience for pandemic times. [49]
  • The super-neighborhood ( app Is working overtime during the Corona crisis in Spain and Portugal


See the overview maintained by Appropedia at

  • CivicTechHub lists international grassroots movements, bringing together individuals, organisations and governments. We are using open data and encourage open collaboration globally [50]
  • COVIDbase is a work-in-progress curated list of projects, news, and data related to COVID-19

Miscellaneous Tools

  1. UV Sterilizer,
  2. U-Shaped Virus Water Trap Filler,
  3. Acrylic board stand for blocking droplet,
  4. UV Sterilizer,
  5. U-Shaped Virus Water Trap Filler
  6. Acrylic board stand for blocking droplet
  7. Handy Tool for Buttons (Kid),
  8. Button press tool with a protective sleeve,
  9. Coronavirus Covid-19 Custom Message Display Board

By Country

Tech Events / Hackatons

3D Printing


Door Openers


Hospitals (Buildings)

  • CURA Pods: CURA is an open-source design for emergency COVID-19 hospitals.



There is a scientifical rationale for the wearing of masks by the general public: [51]


Mask Designs and Projects

  1. Covid Coronavirus Face Mask
  17. mask clip: ;
  18. Face mask hook:
  19. Faceshield:
  20. Full Face Mask:


By Country

  1. Chile: Hack The Pandemic N95 masks, Copper3D,
  2. Croatia: Face Shield,
  3. Hong Kong:
  4. Ireland: Irish Medtronic openly sharing the PB 560 design information
  5. Italy: Easy Covid mask,
  6. New Zealand: Kiwi 3D printer owners gift face mask lifeline to desperate medical clinics


  1. Masques : une ligne de production solidaire se met en place à Bruxelles
  2. Maak Je Mond Masker ; Faites Votre Masque Buccal
  3. Makerspace @ PXL/UHasselt print gezichtsmaskers voor zorgsector


  1. JoseLViveroPol: In Spain, there are more than 16k coronavirusmakers connected through @telegram_es So far, have produced & delivered thanks to taxi drivers more than 350k plastic masks to many undersupplied hospitals . Networked peerproduction WORKS!!! [52]
  2. A network of makers with 3-D printers R supplying Reina Sofia Hospital in Cordoba, Spain with masks

Research Papers

  1. Oliveira, Mileny Ximenes, Capistrano, Amilton dos Reis, Rosa, Suélia de Siqueira Rodrigues Fleury, Silva, José Felício, Rocha, Adson Ferreira da, & Carvalho, Hervaldo Sampaio. (2014). Control system for continuous positive airway pressure. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica, 30(2), 102-113.


  1. Farré, R., Montserrat, J. M., Solana, G., Gozal, D., & Navajas, D. (2019). Easy-to-build and affordable continuous positive airway pressure CPAP device for adult patients in low-income countries. European Respiratory Journal, 53(5).


Medical Supplies

See the FAQ on Making Safe Medical Devices for the COVID-19 Crisis ; Summary of Open Source Designs and Projects To Fight the Covid-19 Outbreak

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Safety for medical personnel

Testing Kits

ATTENTION, this is the PRIORITY now for the open source, p2p-peer production, commons-oriented movements: physical distancing is only a mitigation and flow management tactic and does not eradicate the virus; what is need for that is mass testing capabilities, as practiced successfully in several East Asian countries:

  • COVID Tracking Project collects information from 50 US states, the District of Columbia, and 5 other US territories to provide the most comprehensive testing data we can collect for the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. We attempt to report positive and negative results, pending tests, and total people tested for each state

Environmental Testing

By Country


By Country


See: Open Source Ventilator ; COVID-19 Ventilator Open Source Project

  • many technical details and requirements in this recent google doc: [56]


  • OxVent: "In just one week, a group of doctors, technicians and other experts organised themselves to design a crowdsourced ventilator, the OxVent, which can be produced from widely available parts for under £1,000." [59]
  • Thingiverse, Respirator valve: [61] ; Air Filter: [62] ; Hot Water Inhaler

[63]; UV Sterilizer [64]

  • VentilAid: open-source ventilator that can be made anywhere, locally

  • VentilatorPAL, can be manufactured for $370 [65]


  • Code Life Ventilator Challenge: "To design a low-cost, simple, easy-to-use and easy-to-build ventilator that can serve the COVID patients, in an emergency timeframe."

By country



  1. Oxygen Emergency Respirator
  2. Reespirator 23 (Reesistencia Team)


  1. Wales: Welsh doctor designs ventilator that could save the lives of thousands of coronavirus patients
  2. UK Open Air Project,

Research Papers

  • Design and Prototyping of a Low-cost Portable Mechanical Ventilator. By Abdul Mohsen Al Husseini. Proceedings of the 2010 Design of Medical Devices Conference DMD2010, April 13-15, 2010, Minneapolis, MN, USA [67]


What is changing in post-corona times ?

Introductory Quote(s)

"Suddenly everything is happening very quickly. Within hours, such large sums are being pumped into the markets that make the ‘radical’ promises of Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders seem like pocket money in comparison. German politicians, who yesterday had gotten heated up by the intellectual musings of young socialist Kevin Kühnert, are now seriously considering the nationalisation of corporations. What was dismissed in the climate debate as the naive dreams of children is now a sad reality: global air traffic is coming to a standstill. Borders that were considered unclosable in the refugee crisis are now indeed closed. And along the way, conservative governor of Bavaria, Markus Söder has abandoned the German fetish of balanced budgets, announcing, ‘We will not be guided by accounting issues, but by what Germany needs.’ The age of neoliberalism, in terms of the primacy of market interests over all other social interests, is coming to an end. Of course, all of these measures are due to the state of emergency. However, citizens will remember them when they soon again are told ‘There is no alternative.’ With the crisis, long-dormant sphere of politics has been set into motion. After four decades of neoliberal scepticism about the state, a long forgotten fact is coming to the light: that nation states still have enormous creative power, if only they are willing to use it."

- Marc Saxer [68]

"There are several ways that we can begin to discuss how the current form of the capitalist system has contributed to making the COVID-19 crisis. Two widely discussed key features of the viral ecology are: (1) the expansion of monoculture agricultural economies, creating ripe ecological conditions for zoonotic disease emergence, and (2) the dependency of the mortality rate of the virus on hospital capacity, causing geographic variance in COVID-19’s capacity to produce mass premature death. This second problem has been exacerbated in countries that have exercised state-led neoliberal contraction in the health sector."

- Neel Ahuja [69]


  • The Social Recession. Atlantic, March 22, 2020: "A social recession is marked by growing loneliness and isolation."


  • French educators are learning from each other how to do post-presence learning and teaching [70]



  • countermoves to amazonifcation: local shops coalescing in one online ordering platform, the case of Antwerp, Belgium:

Supply-Chains: Disruption and/or transformation ?


This category has only the following subcategory.


Pages in category "Corona Solidarity Initiatives"

The following 95 pages are in this category, out of 95 total.