Difference between revisions of "Category:Corona Solidarity Initiatives"

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*  countermoves to amazonifcation: local shops coalescing in one online ordering platform, the case of Antwerp, Belgium: eshopantwerpen.be?
 
*  countermoves to amazonifcation: local shops coalescing in one online ordering platform, the case of Antwerp, Belgium: eshopantwerpen.be?
  
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==Media==
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* Media Consumption in the Age of COVID-19, https://www.visualcapitalist.com/media-consumption-covid-19/? : usage statistics from the Global Web Index
  
 
==Politics, Movements, Activism==
 
==Politics, Movements, Activism==

Revision as of 07:03, 14 July 2020

= Commons-oriented, P2P-driven, open source initiatives to help combat the outbreak of Covid-19

What is the difference between this and other directories ? There are many good directories on Corona solutions and initiatives out there, and they are listed here as well. However these directories are specialized by community of practice, topic or locality. This directory attempts to operate at the global meta-level, offering a fuller picture of what is happening.

This guide focuses on:

1) initiatives from open source communities and open hardware medical devices 2) grassroots-based mutual aid initiatives 3) the wider context of societal effects and policy proposals and reforms, from a p2p/commons point of view.

Thanks for reading this as your first article: The Rediscovery of Health as a Common Good After the Coronavirus Outbreak, by Gael Giraud.


  • The P2P Foundation is particular interested in the following collaborative initiatives:
  1. Viral Solidarity : an open and collaborative wiki to map, connect and organize information channels, solidarity initiatives, innovation and social cooperation from local to global in response to the pandemic". [1]
  2. THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT, AND THE SEED FOR A PUBIC-COMMONS COOPERATION PROTOCOL FOR THE COSMO-LOCAL PRODUCTION OF MEDICAL DEVICES, launched by the public hospitals of the Paris region: 3D Covid: "Plateforme interne d'impression haut-débit pour répondre aux besoins sanitaires urgents des soignants. Fédération des initiatives de conception et d’impression 3D pour lutter contre le COVID-19 en Île-de-France". (Assistance Publique - Hopitaux de Paris] => CONCEVOIR - VALIDER - FABRIQUER - DISTRIBUER - COMBATTRE LE VIRUS
  3. Disaster Collectivism as promoted by Shareable.com and the Long Disaster Response of Burners Without Borders


Contents

General Context

(this companion article, explains the specific moment in human history, see: The Pulsation of the Commons: The temporal context for the cosmo-local transition. By Michel Bauwens, with Jose Ramos. P2P Foundation, 2020.


Contextual Quotes

The Collaborative Response to Covid-19 as an example of Awareness-Based Collective Action

"We are bending the curve. How? By bending the beam of collective attention back onto ourselves, through the realization that our own behavior (e.g., social distancing) contributes to the flattening of the curve, to the well-being of all. That, in my view, is the new superpower in the making — the rise of a new pattern of collective action that operates from an awareness of the whole: Awareness-Based Collective action (ABC).

It’s a pattern of action that is familiar to most of us — for example, when we face disruptive challenges in our families or communities. What do we do? We come together. We hold each other. We jointly pay attention to what is happening. And then, once we see together, everyone simply does what needs to be done. Often without central coordination. Without formal governance. Spontaneously. Coordinated by seeing together — by a shared awareness of the whole. That’s the magic. We often see this kind of response in local communities. We see it less often on a national level and scale. And we rarely ever see it on a global level. But occasionally we do, such as in the case of the Paris Climate Accord. The “spoon” starts to bend when we shift our mode of action from one way of operating to another — from ego-system to eco-system awareness."

- Otto Scharmer [2]


Key insights

  1. American Enterprise Institute,
  2. Center for American Progress,
  3. Harvard University’s Safra Center for Ethics,


Societal

  1. a possible return to neoliberal orthodoxy
  2. we move towards a more authoritarian state monitoring
  3. a return to growth at any price (Belle Epoque)
  4. accelerating the ecological transition and a rapid rethinking of our growth model


  • Another opportunity for a long-needed fundamental shift in the economic vernacular is now unfolding. COVID-19, along with climate change, could be the equivalent of the Great Depression and WWII in forcing a sea change in economic thinking and policy. [3]. By Samuel Bowles, Wendy Carlin.

"The COVID-19 pandemic is a blow to self-interest as a value orientation and laissez-faire as a policy paradigm, both already reeling amid mounting public concerns about climate change. Will the pandemic change our economic narrative, expressing new everyday understandings of how the economy works and how it should work? COVID-19, for better or worse, brings into focus a third pole in the debate: call it community or civil society. In the absence of this third pole, the conventional language of economics and public policy misses the contribution of social norms and of institutions that are neither governments nor markets – like families, relationships within firms, and community organisations."


  • "The specter of massive layoffs and unemployment has already led to levels of state intervention to protect citizens and businesses that were previously unthinkable. Coronavirus has already been more effective in slowing down climate breakdown and ecological collapse than all the world’s policy initiatives combined. As supply lines break down, communities will look to local and regional producers for their daily needs." [4]. By Jeremy Lent.


  • If you ask yourself 'what went wrong' in the response to Corona, this is the best article on the longer term I have read so far [5]: our governments ignored the 'carrying capacity' of our health system, just as our socio-economic system ignores the basic 'tresholds and allocations' inherent in our planetary boundaries.

"What’s particularly pernicious about crossing carrying capacity thresholds is the potential for amplifying feedback loops to trigger tipping points, thus exiting the relative stability of an existing state of a system in a non-linear phase shift to an altogether different (and inherently unpredictable) systemic state. Think of climate chaos as transgressing the carrying capacity threshold of temperature stability (the best science says the dividing line is 1.5C) tipping us into a hothouse earth, or the spontaneous 1960s riots against racism in the US or the more recent Arab Spring that crossed the carrying capacity of social justice. In each of these instances, there are vital resources that underpin stable systems, and if these resources are depleted, or if we fail to regenerate new resources, we risk crossing carrying capacity thresholds."


  • Very good, realistic analysis, of what will change and not change, after Corona is over, by Micha Narberhaus, an analysis deeply informed by the critique of identity politics and the culture wars, by Micha Narberhaus: "I firmly believe that in order to tackle the big societal transformation towards an ecologically sustainable society and economy, we need to find solutions to polarisation and re-establish a minimum level of trust and mutual tolerance between the somewheres and the anywheres."
  • Naomi Klein on the Screen New Deal as Pandemic Shock Doctrine: "It has taken some time to gel, but something resembling a coherent pandemic shock doctrine is beginning to emerge. Call it the Screen New Deal. Far more hi-tech than anything we have seen during previous disasters, the future that is being rushed into being as the bodies still pile up treats our past weeks of physical isolation not as a painful necessity to save lives, but as a living laboratory for a permanent – and highly profitable – no-touch future."


"The average North-South gap in per-capita income has grown, not shrunk, since the 1960 United Nations Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, which affirmed the right of all people to self-determination and proclaimed that colonialism should be brought to a speedy and unconditional end. Global inequality is now so high that the global Gini coefficient, which measures the level of inequality across the world, is about the same as South Africa’s — one of the most unequal societies on the planet. Global South countries are faced with a triple bind: to have the money to dole out stimulus and bailouts, many will have to take on more debt. To secure loans, they may have to impose additional “structural adjustment” policies. And those very measures will hollow out an already decrepit public sector, leaving countries ill-equipped for a mass pandemic."

This article distinguishes 3 types of countries re covid, 1) those doing well 2) those nearly there and 3) those needing stronger action. It then concludes showing a virtuous vs a vicious cycle in the approaches: "By reading the news archives, we find the countries that are doing the best are the ones, like New Zealand, Taiwan, and Germany, which have a properly funded health system, technological edge, decisive leadership, and a strong commitment to building public trust. Many of them, as Avivah Wittenberg-Cox points out, have women leaders. They acted swiftly and decisively, with testing and contact tracing protocols across the entire country.

By contrast, some of the worst countries were plagued by delay, absence of public trust, misinformation, and incoherent prevention and mitigation protocols. Male authoritarian political figures like Bolsonaro, Trump, and Putin all fared badly. Weak and fragmented public-health infrastructure also played a role. Most sought to blame others and external factors – like China – for their ineptitude. China also has its share of blame – for its absence of transparency and its crackdown on whistleblowers. Thus, we see two divergent maps emerging – one – the “cycle of failure” and the its opposite, the “cycle of success” (h/t Leonard Schlesinger + James Heskett).

For this project, we called them a wicked cycle and the virtuous cycle:" http://www.wicked7.org/mapping-covid-19-as-a-wicked-problem/?


"It is crystal clear that the class character of capitalist relations deeply contradicts with the states’ aim of protecting their citizens’ lives. When rulers around the world realize that they need to make a choice between risking either capital accumulation or human lives, they almost always opt for risking/sacrificing the latter without much hesitation. This choice is self-evident in the hypocritical suggestions many governments make to stop such pandemic. Working class people, who cannot afford losing their jobs or their wage, are asked to not to go to work if they are sick. Yet they are not granted any paid sick leave. People are advised to immediately seek medical aid when they show symptoms of high fever and dry cough. Yet the right to universal healthcare and social security is still denied in many countries. For many precarious workers around the world who try to survive within the interstices of the informal economy, “social distancing” is not an option because it means hunger, homelessness, and starvation. What appears at the first sight as “ineffective government responses” to the Covid-19 pandemic—such as lack of extensive testing and transparency—turn out to be the most rational actions on capital’s behalf based on simple cost-benefit calculations. Proposed strategies such as “flattening the epidemic curve” by means of social distancing and slowing down our interactions are counter-productive for capital accumulation. As far as capital accumulation is concerned, it is more rational to let the disease spread and wait for it to disappear by its own dynamic than to prolong social distancing and slowing down which would eventually exacerbate the existing economic stagnation and crisis. What is widely called the “herd immunity” strategy is also a predatory accumulation strategy with genocidal tendencies targeting the elderly people. By externalizing the responsibility of “social distancing” to their citizens and by not aiding working classes to prepare for the pandemic in a socially responsible way, many governments are already following the capital’s “herd immunity” strategy without naming or intending it."

- Sahan Savas Karatasli [6]


Read also:

  • "the pandemic is a struggle waged by labour, not capital, by doctors and nurses in understaffed public health systems, by precarious workers in the vital supply chains, by those that keep basics infrastructure running during the lock-down." [7]
  • Coronavirus, synchronous failure and the global phase-shift by Nafeez Ahmed. A systems analysis uncovering the light at the end of the tunnel. [8]: analysis


In French:

Medical

The four myths are:

  1. Allowing some transmission is good because it will create herd immunity and protect people.
  2. The infection doesn’t matter in children and young people because it is mild or asymptomatic
  3. The choice we face is between saving lives or jobs and case fatality rate is low
  4. Lockdown has to remain for 6-12 months


  • COVID-19 and Circuits of Capital : Crucial article for understanding the distinction between the suppression strategies in East Asia (short term pain) from the mitigation strategies in Europe and the US (long term pain)
  • Rodrick Wallace, “Pandemic Firefighting vs. Pandemic Fire Prevention” (unpublished manuscript, March 20, 2020). "Context counts for pandemic infection, and current political structures that allow multinational agricultural enterprises to privatize profits while externalizing and socializing costs, must become subject to “code enforcement” that reinternalizes those costs if truly mass-fatal pandemic disease is to be avoided in the near future." (no URL)
  • Physical distancing only mitigates the rate of infection. Mass testing, and industrial mobilization, is the only thing that can actually really suppress it. [9]
  • A call to honesty in pandemic modeling: By Maria Chikina and Wesley Pegden: " Public health depends on public trust. If we claim now that our models show that 2 months of mitigations will cut deaths by 90%, why will anyone believe us 2 months from now when the story has to change?"
  • Regime type isn’t correlated with outcomes, by STEVEN WEBER AND NILS GILMAN, Noema: "The progression of the initial outbreak in different countries followed three main patterns. Countries like Singapore and Taiwan represented Pattern A, where (despite many connections to the original source of the outbreak in China) vigilant government action effectively cut off community transmission, keeping total cases and deaths low. China and South Korea represented Pattern B: an initial uncontrolled outbreak followed by draconian government interventions that succeeded in getting at least the first wave of the outbreak under control. Pattern C is represented by countries like Italy and Iran, where waiting too long to lock down populations led to a short-term exponential growth of new cases that overwhelmed the healthcare system and resulted in a large number of deaths." [10]
  • The interesting medical/societal analysis by medical anthropologist Jean-Dominique Michel:

"It is in this complicated paradox between the great harmlessness of the virus for the vast majority of people and its extreme dangerousness in some cases that we found ourselves stuck. We then adopted measures that were absolutely contrary to good practice: we stopped screening people who might be ill, pleading for the confining the population as a whole to stop the spread of the virus. These measures were actually medieval and problematic, since they only slowed down the epidemic at the risk of producing potentially even worse rebound phenomena. And too, they lock up everyone while only a small minority is affected. Conversely, all public health recommendations call for social distancing combined with detecting as many cases as possible, and confining positive cases only, until they are no longer contagious. Confinement of everyone is a poor second-best way to deal with the epidemic, one that is due to the lack of everything that would enable us to fight it effectively... Why did it come to this? Simply because we failed to set up the proper responses from the outset. The lack of tests and screening measures in particular is emblematic of this shipwreck: while Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore and China made these their top priority, we were unbelievably passive in organizing such technically simple action." [11]

  • US-based researchers looked at more than 140 viruses known to have been transmitted from animals to humans, and cross-referenced them with the IUCN's Red List of endangered species.

They found that domesticated animals, primates, bats and rats carried the most zoonotic viruses -- around 75 percent. But they also concluded that the risk of spillover from animal to human populations was highest when a species is threatened by over-consumption and habitat loss." (https://news.yahoo.com/human-activity-blame-virus-spread-study-112905689.html)

Recommended Reading


In French:

The ABC of Coronavirus Response


Resources

  • The COVID-19 Disorder Tracker (CDT) provides special coverage of the pandemic’s impact on political violence and protest around the world
  • The Covid Social Impact Timeline: The European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) is monitoring the social and employment impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic in Europe. This timeline is being produced by Christophe Degryse, senior researcher at the Foresight Unit of the ETUI, and will be regularly updated.
  • Crowdfight COVID-19: An initiative from the scientific community to put all available resources at the service of the fight against COVID-19
  • LitCovid is a curated literature hub for tracking up-to-date scientific information about the 2019 novel Coronavirus. It is the most comprehensive resource on the subject, providing a central access to 1558 (and growing) relevant articles in PubMed.
  • The Open Covid Pledge: "a simple way for universities, companies, and other holders of intellectual property rights to support the development of medicines, test kits, vaccines, and other scientific discoveries related to COVID-19 for the duration of the pandemic. The Open COVID Pledge grants the public free, temporary access to IP rights in support of solving the COVID-19 crisis." [12]
  • Viral Solidarity an open and collaborative wiki to map, connect and organize information channels, solidarity initiatives, innovation and social cooperation from local to global in response to the pandemic".


  • See below in the Encyclopedia, but also:

Apps

Directory of contact tracing projects: Projects using personal data to combat SARS-CoV-2. This page is meant to collect different approaches by government and private projects to use personal data to combat SARS-CoV-2. It does not include mere information apps on the corona virus.

  • Covid Risk, app: "an app to collect and track risks of infection at the individual level, using Bluetooth and GPS data, while (miraculously) safeguarding privacy". [Covid19Risk.com]
  • project: NextTrace aims to coordinate test results and contact tracing to enable public health decisions [13]
  • Trace Together (Singapore): "taps Bluetooth signals to detect other participating mobile devices in close proximity to allow them to identify those who have been in close contact when needed." [14]


See also:

  • Tracking the tracers: "We read the privacy policies of 48 contact-tracing apps for Covid-19. They’re often opaque, incomplete and impenetrable to the average reader"
  • Recommendations from Algorithm Watch: "How to use automated decision-making systems (ADMS) to curb the outbreak. What follows is a set of possible principles and considerations on which to ground an informed, democratic and useful discussion regarding the use of ADMS in the current pandemic." [15]

Articles

  • COVID-19 Watch, ETUC Briefing Notes for the EU-28 Countries, labor oriented material [16]

Books

  • the National Emergency Library, a collection of books that supports emergency remote teaching, research activities, independent scholarship, and intellectual stimulation while universities, schools, training centers, and libraries are closed

Some recommended reads:

Data


By Country

Netherlands


Licenses

Creative Commons

"By licensing material under a CC BY-NC-SA license, the World Health Organization (WHO) is adopting a more conservative approach to open access that falls short of what the scientific community urgently needs in order to access and build upon critical information. All publicly funded organizations should: 1) Adopt open access policies that require publicly funded research to be made available under an open license (e.g. CC BY 4.0) or dedicated to the public domain. In practice, this means research articles and data can be freely reused by others, thereby enhancing collaboration among scientists and accelerating the pace of discovery. 2) Ensure all educational resources (such as videos, infographics and other media tools) are also openly licensed to facilitate dissemination of reliable, practical information to the public. The current race to find a vaccine for COVID-19 exemplifies why rapid and unrestricted access to scientific research and educational materials is vital in the most open terms possible." [19]


Maps


By Country

  • Netherlands: Code for NL, map: [20]

Online Tools

  • NextStrain, an online resource that uses genome data to monitor the evolution of disease-causing organisms such as viruses in real time.

Scientific Resources

  • bioRxiv (pronounced Bio-Archive), an online server where scientists post the first drafts of papers they may or may not submit later to academic journals, https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/780627v1
  • Crowdfight COVID-19: An initiative from the scientific community to put all available resources at the service of the fight against COVID-19
  • Evidence Aid: "The COVID-19 (Coronavirus) pandemic is leading to a rapidly expanding and evolving literature. Evidence Aid is preparing summaries of relevant research which are available below as soon as each is ready."
  • GISAID, an online repository where labs from all over the world post new genomic data. "Bedford's phylogenetic charts — family trees for viruses — can help guide the public health response as an epidemic unfolds" https://www.gisaid.org/
  • Just One Giant Lab, fully open source participatory research with 1k+ active members: see our entry at OpenCovid19 Initiative - JOGL
  • LitCovid is a curated literature hub for tracking up-to-date scientific information about the 2019 novel Coronavirus. It is the most comprehensive resource on the subject, providing a central access to 1558 (and growing) relevant articles in PubMed.
  • NJEM Coronavirus: A collection of articles and other res(ources on the Coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak, including clinical reports, management guidelines, and commentary
  • Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service: "The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine develops, promotes and disseminates better evidence for healthcare."

Stories

  • Project Lockdown: How a young man survives the COVID-19 lockdown— and thrives [21]


Videos

By Topic

Context Future Scenarios for Emerging Infectious Diseases: Sohail Inatullah on the "predictability of the Coronavirus outbreak"


Business and Labor Support


By country

Education


Environmental Issues

Market and State Failures

Contextual Quote

"institutional failings have hampered the response to the outbreak of the virus. For instance, Chinese authorities responded to reports of a potential SARS outbreak in early January by arresting eight people for “spreading rumors”. The World Heath Organization announced in mid-January that there was no evidence of human-to-human transmission, ignoring warnings from Taiwanese health authorities sent in December. (Taiwan, which has not had an outbreak, is not allowed to participate in the WHO due to political pressure from China, which views it as a breakaway province). In the US, the CDC prevented testing in the early stages of the outbreak while containment was still possible, and elected officials dumped millions in stock while doing nothing to mobilize resources or prepare a response."

- HENRY DE VALENCE [23]


"the situation in Northern Italy had deteriorated rapidly, he told me, largely due to the terrible decisions of the people in power. Even as the epidemic was exploding, the national union of restaurateurs distributed a video, with the hashtag #wewontstop, encouraging people to go out, to eat in restaurants and drink in bars. Confindustria, the association of industrialists, has repeatedly lobbied the government to keep factories and workshops open even as the armies patrol the streets and the death toll rises. On March 21, the Italian government took the unprecedented step of closing the factories, but even then Confindustria managed to lobby to keep them open for a few more days."

- Commune magazine [24]


Articles

  • low-wage-sector companies are now exacerbating the spread of COVID-19, insofar as they refused to pay their workers sick pay, forcing them to go to work.

[25]



Arguments review

State failures:

Summary of the arguments:

  • austerity policies destroyed public health infrastructure
  • failure to plan for pandemicc
  • failure to act on time to mitigate or suppress the virus
  • lack of public healtn insure forces workers to continue to work
  • lack of support for freelance and independent workers

Market failure:

Summary of the arguments:

  • price gouging of medical devices
  • failure to produce medical producs and devices needed for pandemics

Medical Issues

  • The ethics of triage NJEM


Mental Health Resources

  • Corona virus anxiety: "Resources for anxiety and your mental health in a global climate of uncertainty". [26]


Mitigation Strategies

The successful ones so far


The unsuccessful ones:

Mutual Aid

  • Next Door: "I find good ol' Next Door App to be helpful if you want to offer your own services or look for help." [28]

By Country

  • China: "In Wuhan, as soon as public transport was suspended, volunteer drivers created a community fleet, transporting medical workers between their homes and hospitals." [29]
  • Czechia: Students in Prague are babysitting the children of doctors and nurses. [30]
  • India: "young people have self-organised on a massive scale to provide aid packages for “daily wagers”: people without savings or stores, who rely entirely on cash flow that has now been cut off." [31]
  • Ireland: "balcony bingo: the caller sits in the square between the blocks of flats with a large speaker, while the players sit on their balconies, taking down the numbers." [32]
  • Norway: a group of people who have recovered from Covid-19 provide services that would be dangerous for non-immune people to offer. [34]
  • Serbia: In Belgrade volunteers organise virtual coffee mornings and crisis counselling. [35]


Belgium

France


South Africa

  • "communities in Johannesburg have made survival packs for people in informal settlements: hand sanitiser, toilet paper, bottled water and food." [36]
  • "In Cape Town, a local group has GIS mapped all the district’s households, surveyed the occupants, and assembled local people with medical expertise, ready to step in if the hospitals are overwhelmed." [37] [38]
  • "Another community in the city has built washstands in the train station and is working to turn a pottery studio into a factory making sanitiser." [39]


UK

  • A mothers’ running group in Bristol have restyled themselves “drug runners”, keeping fit by delivering medicines from chemists’ shops to people who can’t leave their homes. [40]


USA

  • Intellihelp: "Cohesive, no-nonsense support community connecting those needing help with those who can give it."

[41]

  • HospitalHero connects healthcare workers who don’t have time to meet their own needs with people who can offer meals and accommodation. [42]
  • A group called WePals, created by an eight-year-old, sets up virtual play dates for children. [43]
  • A new website, schoolclosures.org, finds teaching, meals and emergency childcare for overstretched parents. [44]
  • A network called Money During Corona texts news of job opportunities to people looking for work. [45]


For particular places and communities

  • Ann Arbor: the Kekere Emergency Childcare Collective has formed as a response to Coronavirus related school closures. The group is striving to organize mutual aid childcare for families
  • NY/NJ: invisible Hands, Free deliveries for the most at-risk community members, https://www.invisiblehandsdeliver.com/ [46]: "1,300 volunteers in 72 hours to deliver groceries and medicine to older New Yorkers and other vulnerable people"

Public Services


Social Inequality

  • Paul Engler: How progressive and solidaristic impulses have come to the fore in response to Trigger Events [47]

Solidarity Economy / Social Economy / Cooperatives

Policy

Policies (laws and proposals)

Actual policies, voted in parliaments or decided by governments, or at least serious policy and legal propositions:


ETUI Briefing Notes for the EU-28 Countries

Find them at https://www.etuc.org/en/publication/covid-19-watch-etuc-briefing-notes

  1. Short Time Work Measures Across Europe
  2. National measures to support households by providing different (tax) relief measures
  3. National measures to avoid collective/individual lay-offs (incl. granting (additional/special) leaves)
  4. Sick pay and social protection-related interventions: extraordinary measures to protect

workers in times of Covid19

  1. National measures to protect non-standard workers including workers in the platform economy
  2. National measures to protect self-employed workers
  3. Workers' Information Consultation and Participation
  4. Frontier workers
  5. Human Rights and COVID-19

Policy (debates and interventions)


Environment:

  • The Covid19 Emergency Is a Green One: A message to European finance ministers to double down on European Green Deal as the economic response to the Corona-pandemic. By Sandrine Dixson-Declève, Hunter Lovins, Kate Raworth, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber. Club of Rome, 20/3/2020
  • The Economic Case for Post-Corona Low-carbon Development: "pursuing low-carbon and climate-resilient growth is the best way to unlock lasting economic and social benefits. Bold climate action could deliver at least $26 trillion in net global economic benefits between now and 2030 compared with business-as-usual according to the New Climate Economy"


Finance and Debt

  • This is going to be inevitable, argue Prof. Steve Keen, Michael Hudson, Jordan Hall and others: Quantitative Easing for the Public aka a "Modern Debt Jubilee", as explained here by Steve Keen.

Global South and 'Development' Issues

* The situation in the Global South requires a Global Green New Deal: "The average North-South gap in per-capita income has grown, not shrunk, since the 1960 United Nations Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, which affirmed the right of all people to self-determination and proclaimed that colonialism should be brought to a speedy and unconditional end. Global inequality is now so high that the global Gini coefficient, which measures the level of inequality across the world, is about the same as South Africa’s — one of the most unequal societies on the planet. Global South countries are faced with a triple bind: to have the money to dole out stimulus and bailouts, many will have to take on more debt. To secure loans, they may have to impose additional “structural adjustment” policies. And those very measures will hollow out an already decrepit public sector, leaving countries ill-equipped for a mass pandemic."


Health


Food


Localization


Transportation


By Country

  • UK: Call for a Post-Pandemic Plan: Adam Lent argues we need to start thinking now about a post-pandemic plan focused on building stronger communities and a resilient economy.
  • USA: A group of experts from academia and civil society, many of whom advised the presidential campaigns of Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders, have issued a detailed call for “Green Stimulus To Rebuild Our Economy.” The open letter for members of Congress calls for “an ambitious Green Stimulus of at least $2 trillion” [48]
  • Roundtable on Nationalization, by the Next Democracy project,focusing on US history

By Language and Country

Dutch-language

Belgium

Netherlands

  • Hack Corona [49]: Dutch Hacking Health initiative
  • Molecular Modelling Project Wetenschappelijk onderzoek (drug discovery corona) [50]
  • Open State Foundation: ‘tracker lokale en regionale covid-19-maatregelen’ gestart: In dit openbare bestand worden maatregelen van gemeenten en veiligheidsregio’s verzameld,

https://openstate.eu/nl/2020/04/lokale-en-regionale-corona-maatregelen-op-een-rij/ 600+ maatregelen in GoogleDoc

English-language

Australia

  • COVID-19 PANDEMIC RESOURCES FOR PROGRESSIVES [51]


UK

  • More than 500 @CovidAidUK community support groups spring up as neighbours offer support during Coronavirus outbreak.' [52]
  • Covid 19 Mutual Aid Groups (UK), 931 listed on google doc [53]

USA

  • Covid-19 Financial Solidarity, Oakland, US: " inspiring prototype out of Oakland that has facilitated hundreds of financial transactions to those disproportionately impacted: [54]
  • San Diego (county-wide) COVID-19 Mutual Aid Volunteer [55]
  • How Can I Help? - SF Bay Area [56]
  • [ioby.org/project/grocery-stipends serviceworkerscoalition Service Workers Coalition Grocery Stipends]: A cash relief network for and by service workers in New York City. Email us for aid at [email protected]

French-language

"Il n’y aura pas de « sortie de crise » sans un bouleversement majeur de l’organisation sociale et économique actuelle"

France

  • 3D Covid: "Plateforme interne d'impression haut-débit pour répondre aux besoins sanitaires urgents des soignants. Fédération des initiatives de conception et d’impression 3D pour lutter contre le COVID-19 en Île-de-France". (Assistance Publique - Hopitaux de Paris] => CONCEVOIR - VALIDER - FABRIQUER - DISTRIBUER - COMBATTRE LE VIRUS
  • Code-Virus: "constitution d’un collectif de travail interdisciplinaire en sciences humaines et sociales CODE-VIRUS (Coordination interDisciplinaire pour l’Etude de l’impact sociétal du CoronaVIRUS) . Objectif : Suivre, documenter et anticiper collectivement et de manière interdisciplinaire les conséquences de la pandémie de Coronavirus sur nos modes de vie, nos organisations et nos territoires" [57]. Contact : [email protected]
  • La plateforme Covid-Initiatives, soutenue par le Réseau Français des Fablabs, rassemble les initiatives de makers en France et au-delà qui proposent des équipements et solutions de fortune dans la lutte contre le Covid-19.

"entraide-coronavirus.glideapp.io"

  • FabriCommuns: "Pour venir en soutien des soignants et tous les travailleurs en première ligne face au Covid19, un collectif d'acteur·rices citoyen·nes s’est constitué pour faciliter la coordination"
  • Le Jour Apres: "Pendant les jours qui viennent, mettons à profit le confinement pour imaginer ce que nous voulons de mieux. Soyons ambitieux et audacieux pour nous-même et pour notre planète."
  • OpenCOVID19-fr: Organisation informelle issue de la société civile dont l'objet est de consolider des données et de proposer des outils de visualisation concernant l'épidémie de COVID19 en France. [60]
  • La Plateforme de Microbiologie Mutualisée (P2M) est ouverte à l’ensemble des laboratoires de référence de l’Institut Pasteur, à Paris et dans le Réseau International. Dans un esprit de mutualisation technologique, P2M regroupe les demandes et permet ainsi l’utilisation en routine, jusqu’ici impossible du séquençage à haut débit multi-pathogènes (NGS par les technologies illumina et Ion Torrent). [61]


Voire aussi:

Initiatives limitees a un lieu particulier :

(via Pierre PP)

  1. Paris : https://www.facebook.com/notes/transition-paris-20/situation-epidemique-infos-et-initiatives-dans-paris/2533493596868699/

Reseaux Sociaux :

  1. Covid-entraide infos France a des groupes facebook et telegram : https://www.facebook.com/pg/coronavirusentraide/about/?ref=page_internal
  2. Dont le groupe Coronavirus - Infos pratiques : https://www.facebook.com/groups/1979446748866204/
  3. Marie covid 19 infos : https://www.facebook.com/groups/195816401648291/

Canada

  • Covid-19 aide communautaire Montreal fb ; [Covid-19 aide communautaire Montreal [62]

Italian-langague

Italy

Portuguese-langague

Brazil

  • Segura a Onda - the Brazilian version of the Spanish Frena la Curva, a collaborative guide of citizen initiatives to fight the coronavirus. Social innovation and civic resilience in times of pandemic. [63]

Portugal

  • Achata a Curva - the Portuguese version of the Spanish Frena la Curva, a mapping of civic initiatives in the fight against COVID19. [64]

Spanish Language

  • Frenalacurva.net Peer/citizen produced guides to cope with the virus. Social innovation and civic resilience for pandemic times. [65]
  • The super-neighborhood (supervecina.com/#/yaquevas/en) app Is working overtime during the Corona crisis in Spain and Portugal


Tools

See the overview maintained by Appropedia at https://www.appropedia.org/Collaborative_COVID-19_initiatives?

  • CivicTechHub lists international grassroots movements, bringing together individuals, organisations and governments. We are using open data and encourage open collaboration globally [66]
  • COVIDbase is a work-in-progress curated list of projects, news, and data related to COVID-19
  • Open Covid: OpenCovid "is an Open Source Pharma & CRI Paris initiative in the #LearningPlanet spirit: to inspire and empower learners (of all age) willing to contribute to collective problem solving".



Miscellaneous Tools

  1. UV Sterilizer, https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4223034
  2. U-Shaped Virus Water Trap Filler, https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4222897
  3. Acrylic board stand for blocking droplet, https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4198078
  4. UV Sterilizer, https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4223034
  5. U-Shaped Virus Water Trap Filler https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4222897
  6. Acrylic board stand for blocking droplet https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4198078
  7. Handy Tool for Buttons (Kid), https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4220694
  8. Button press tool with a protective sleeve, https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4219470
  9. Coronavirus Covid-19 Custom Message Display Board https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4220162


By Country


Tech Events / Hackatons


3D Printing


By Country

A lire: * In France, makers and industry have found each other!

France

  • 3D Covid: "Plateforme interne d'impression haut-débit pour répondre aux besoins sanitaires urgents des soignants. Fédération des initiatives de conception et d’impression 3D pour lutter contre le COVID-19 en Île-de-France". (Assistance Publique - Hopitaux de Paris] => CONCEVOIR - VALIDER - FABRIQUER - DISTRIBUER - COMBATTRE LE VIRUS
  • La plateforme Covid-Initiatives, soutenue par le Réseau Français des Fablabs, rassemble les initiatives de makers en France et au-delà qui proposent des équipements et solutions de fortune dans la lutte contre le Covid-19.

Decontamination


Door Openers


Face Shields


Handwashing

Hospitals (Buildings)

  • CURA Pods: CURA is an open-source design for emergency COVID-19 hospitals.


Maps


Masks

  • "If you have COVID-19 and cough on someone from 8 inches away, wearing a cotton mask will reduce the amount of virus you transmit to that person by 36 times" [69]: overview of scientific facts about masks


General


Mask Designs and Projects

In alphabetical order:

  • The Adam Mask project: "an open source reusable mask with high protection qualities to spread protection gear all over the world"
  • Carola: Project CAROLA, a Mobile Open Source Mask MIcrofactory, created the scalable open source protection mask production line that helps to produce respiratory masks quickly and easily. Our aim is to provide as many respiratory masks as possible to the general population.
  1. Covid Coronavirus Face Mask https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4222563
  2. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4177128
  3. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4185367
  4. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4223974
  5. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4222984
  6. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4215454
  7. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4222567
  8. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4225667
  9. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4223531
  10. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4226409
  11. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4217534
  12. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4164771
  13. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4167649
  14. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4214066
  15. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4227577
  16. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4227223
  17. mask clip: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4227132 ; https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4219552
  18. Face mask hook: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4225191
  19. Faceshield: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4227278
  20. Full Face Mask: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4225760


Videos

By Country

  1. Chile: Hack The Pandemic N95 masks, Copper3D, https://copper3d.com/hackthepandemic/
  2. Croatia: Face Shield, https://www.prusaprinters.org/prints/25718-face-shield
  3. Hong Kong: https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/health-environment/article/3052135/polytechnic-university-lab-3d-printing-face
  4. Ireland: Irish Medtronic openly sharing the PB 560 design information
  5. New Zealand: Kiwi 3D printer owners gift face mask lifeline to desperate medical clinics


Belgium

  • The Adam Mask project: "an open source reusable mask with high protection qualities to spread protection gear all over the world"

ADAM is a project from Timelab, Gent in collaboration with Howest, Ugent, ZiggZagg, The Coalition of the Willing (bescherm onze helden) and a lot of individual experts from the fields of manufacturing, textiles, chemistry, plastics, communication, supply chain, policy, .. Our point of contact is Evi Swinnen: [email protected]

See also:

  1. Masques : une ligne de production solidaire se met en place à Bruxelles
  2. Maak Je Mond Masker ; Faites Votre Masque Buccal
  3. Makerspace @ PXL/UHasselt print gezichtsmaskers voor zorgsector


Italy

  1. Italy: Easy Covid mask, https://www.isinnova.it/easy-covid19-eng/
  2. the "Mechanical Ventilator Milano," or MVM, a device that is "designed to be simple, cheap and easily reparable [70]


Spain

  1. JoseLViveroPol: In Spain, there are more than 16k coronavirusmakers connected through @telegram_es So far, have produced & delivered thanks to taxi drivers more than 350k plastic masks to many undersupplied hospitals . Networked peerproduction WORKS!!! [71]
  2. A network of makers with 3-D printers R supplying Reina Sofia Hospital in Cordoba, Spain with masks https://coronavirusmakers.org/index.php/es/

Research Papers

  1. Oliveira, Mileny Ximenes, Capistrano, Amilton dos Reis, Rosa, Suélia de Siqueira Rodrigues Fleury, Silva, José Felício, Rocha, Adson Ferreira da, & Carvalho, Hervaldo Sampaio. (2014). Control system for continuous positive airway pressure. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica, 30(2), 102-113. https://doi.org/10.1590/rbeb.2014.017

[72]

  1. Farré, R., Montserrat, J. M., Solana, G., Gozal, D., & Navajas, D. (2019). Easy-to-build and affordable continuous positive airway pressure CPAP device for adult patients in low-income countries. European Respiratory Journal, 53(5).https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.02290-2018

[73]

Medical Supplies

See the FAQ on Making Safe Medical Devices for the COVID-19 Crisis ; Summary of Open Source Designs and Projects To Fight the Covid-19 Outbreak


By Country


Medicines

  • MOOR Covid: "This is a Massive Online Open Research (MOOR) initiative for COVID-19, a global collaborative research effort that seeks to tap into the minds of scientists and researchers across the world to virtually screen molecules to fight the virus."

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Safety for medical personnel


Testing Kits

ATTENTION, this is the PRIORITY now for the open source, p2p-peer production, commons-oriented movements: physical distancing is only a mitigation and flow management tactic and does not eradicate the virus; what is need for that is mass testing capabilities, as practiced successfully in several East Asian countries:

  • COVID Tracking Project collects information from 50 US states, the District of Columbia, and 5 other US territories to provide the most comprehensive testing data we can collect for the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. We attempt to report positive and negative results, pending tests, and total people tested for each state


Environmental Testing


By Country

Valves

By Country


Ventilators

See: Open Source Ventilator ; COVID-19 Ventilator Open Source Project

  • many technical details and requirements in this recent google doc: [75]


Designs

  • OxVent: "In just one week, a group of doctors, technicians and other experts organised themselves to design a crowdsourced ventilator, the OxVent, which can be produced from widely available parts for under £1,000." [79]
  • Thingiverse, Respirator valve: [81] ; Air Filter: [82] ; Hot Water Inhaler

[83]; UV Sterilizer [84]

  • VentilAid: open-source ventilator that can be made anywhere, locally

  • VentilatorPAL, can be manufactured for $370 [85]

Awards

  • Code Life Ventilator Challenge: "To design a low-cost, simple, easy-to-use and easy-to-build ventilator that can serve the COVID patients, in an emergency timeframe."

https://www.agorize.com/en/challenges/code-life-challenge


By country


Ireland


Spain

  1. Oxygen Emergency Respirator
  2. Reespirator 23 (Reesistencia Team)


UK

  1. Rapidly Manufactured Ventilator System (RMVS): " Defines the minimum viable product clinically acceptable by clinicians; a specification of the minimally (and some preferred options) clinically acceptable ventilator to be used in UK hospitals during the current COVID-19 pandemic"
  2. Wales: Welsh doctor designs ventilator that could save the lives of thousands of coronavirus patients
  3. UK Open Air Project, http://www.openair-project.org

Research Papers

  • Design and Prototyping of a Low-cost Portable Mechanical Ventilator. By Abdul Mohsen Al Husseini. Proceedings of the 2010 Design of Medical Devices Conference DMD2010, April 13-15, 2010, Minneapolis, MN, USA [87]

Trends

What is changing in post-corona times ?


Introductory Quote(s)

"Suddenly everything is happening very quickly. Within hours, such large sums are being pumped into the markets that make the ‘radical’ promises of Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders seem like pocket money in comparison. German politicians, who yesterday had gotten heated up by the intellectual musings of young socialist Kevin Kühnert, are now seriously considering the nationalisation of corporations. What was dismissed in the climate debate as the naive dreams of children is now a sad reality: global air traffic is coming to a standstill. Borders that were considered unclosable in the refugee crisis are now indeed closed. And along the way, conservative governor of Bavaria, Markus Söder has abandoned the German fetish of balanced budgets, announcing, ‘We will not be guided by accounting issues, but by what Germany needs.’ The age of neoliberalism, in terms of the primacy of market interests over all other social interests, is coming to an end. Of course, all of these measures are due to the state of emergency. However, citizens will remember them when they soon again are told ‘There is no alternative.’ With the crisis, long-dormant sphere of politics has been set into motion. After four decades of neoliberal scepticism about the state, a long forgotten fact is coming to the light: that nation states still have enormous creative power, if only they are willing to use it."

- Marc Saxer [88]


"There are several ways that we can begin to discuss how the current form of the capitalist system has contributed to making the COVID-19 crisis. Two widely discussed key features of the viral ecology are: (1) the expansion of monoculture agricultural economies, creating ripe ecological conditions for zoonotic disease emergence, and (2) the dependency of the mortality rate of the virus on hospital capacity, causing geographic variance in COVID-19’s capacity to produce mass premature death. This second problem has been exacerbated in countries that have exercised state-led neoliberal contraction in the health sector."

- Neel Ahuja [89]


Community

  • The Social Recession. Atlantic, March 22, 2020: "A social recession is marked by growing loneliness and isolation."
  • "The COVID-19 pandemic is a blow to self-interest as a value orientation and laissez-faire as a policy paradigm, both already reeling amid mounting public concerns about climate change. Will the pandemic change our economic narrative, expressing new everyday understandings of how the economy works and how it should work? COVID-19, for better or worse, brings into focus a third pole in the debate: call it community or civil society. In the absence of this third pole, the conventional language of economics and public policy misses the contribution of social norms and of institutions that are neither governments nor markets – like families, relationships within firms, and community organisations." https://voxeu.org/article/coming-battle-covid-19-narrative]. By Samuel Bowles, Wendy Carlin.


Economics


Education

  • French educators are learning from each other how to do post-presence learning and teaching [90]


Food

  • the @covidfood twitter account is tracking food security policy initiatives during #covid19 outbreak

Finance


Gender and Care

  • Collaborative Feminist Degrowth: Pandemic as an Opening for a Care-Full Radical Transformation. By the Feminisms and Degrowth Alliance (FaDA), 2020

[91]

Institutional Innovations

Public-Commons Cooperation Protocols and Regulatory Frameworks are needed to smooth the path for vital innovations in the open hardware production of missing medical devices

WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT ?

In the face of huge market and state failure which has led to many unnecessary deaths, there has been a huge compensatory mobilization by the commons-based, p2p-driven open hardware and maker movements to design and produce alternatives. HOWEVER, the public authorities have all but been ready for this, and many innovations are blocked. THIS IS WHY we need urgently the equivlanet of the Bologna Regulation in Italy, which has mobilized 1 million people in urban commons projects.

We now need such public-commons cooperation protocols to allow the open hardware to flow safely into the medical establishements that are dealing with COVID-19.

The good news, French medical institutions are taking this regulatory framework in their own hands:

  • le debut d'un cadre pour une regulation public-communs pour le open hardware pour COVID-19: Un espoir nouveau vient désormais de l’Assistance publique – Hôpitaux de Paris) et de sa plateforme Covid-3d qui, homologuera au fil de l’eau des modèles sans brevets issus de la recherche ouverte https://covid3d.org/
|

Labor

Articles

Resources

  • The Covid Social Impact Timeline: The European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) is monitoring the social and employment impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic in Europe.

This timeline is being produced by Christophe Degryse, senior researcher at the Foresight Unit of the ETUI, and will be regularly updated.

Localization

  • countermoves to amazonifcation: local shops coalescing in one online ordering platform, the case of Antwerp, Belgium: eshopantwerpen.be?


Media

Politics, Movements, Activism

  • The COVID-19 Disorder Tracker (CDT) provides special coverage of the pandemic’s impact on political violence and protest around the world

Supply-Chains: Disruption and/or transformation ?


Urbanism

  • "Find and share examples of schemes that adapt space for COVID-19: Tactical Space is the global, free bank of tactical and temporary infrastructure measures, to advance knowledge and accelerate progress to a better future, for professionals and communities worldwide."

Subcategories

This category has only the following subcategory.

C

Pages in category "Corona Solidarity Initiatives"

The following 88 pages are in this category, out of 88 total.