From the Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternative_currency
"Alternative currency is a term that refers to any currency used as an alternative to the dominant national or multinational currency systems (usually referred to as national or fiat money). Alternative currencies can be carefully created by an individual, corporation, or organization, they can be created by national, state, or local governments, or they can arise naturally as people begin to use a certain commodity as a currency. Mutual credit is a form of alternative currency, and thus any form of lending that does not go through the banking system can be considered form of alternative currency.
When used in combination with or when designed to work in combination with national or multinational fiat currencies they can be referred to as Complementary Currencies. If the use of an alternative currency is limited to a certain region, they are called Local Currencies." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternative_currency)
Such currencies are either time-based (each hour of work is considered equal), or have a value that can be negotiated (LETS
Alternative currencies & monetary systems comparison chart
Alternative currencies & monetary systems comparison chart prepared and hosted by SocialCompare.com (click on image to see).
The editable chart, as of July, 2011, includes side by side comparisons of Bitcoin, Flattr, Ithaca Hours, LETS, Metacurrency, Open Bank Project, Payswarm, Ripple, Sol, Time/bank, Ven (Hub Culture), Wingcash, WirBank, and BernalBucks (Clearbon).
SocialCompare encourages additions and updates to the chart.
See our entries on
- Free Currencies
- Complementary Currencies
- Local Currencies
- Targeted Currencies
- Community Currencies
- Open Money
- Interest and Inflation Free Money
- The Resource Based Economy, a system in which money and barter serve no purpose
- Financial commons
- Open Source Economics
- Circular Multilateral Barter
Note to P2PFoundation wikimaster
Is it possible to embed SocialCompare.com wiki-like charts on P2PFoundation's wiki?
The steps are here -
Embed script and advice from SocialCompare: http://blog.socialcompare.com/2010/12/08/customize-the-embed-comparison-table)
SocialCompare's solution to embed editable charts into MediaWiki:
>>install a special extenstion such as: http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:SecureHTML (because by default mediawiki does not accept external html code for security reasons..)