[p2p-research] Fwd: Red earthquake alert (6.8M, depth:20km) in Indonesia (Bima) 8/11 19:41UTC, Pop100km:0.8m www.gdacs.org - JRC

Ryan Lanham rlanham1963 at gmail.com
Sun Nov 8 23:33:25 CET 2009

Not sure if people are aware of GDACS...which is a UN supported warning
system of earthquakes.  One can be made aware of the worst/largest disasters
nearly as they occur...see below.


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: GDACS <gdacs-noreply at jrc.ec.europa.eu>
Date: Sun, Nov 8, 2009 at 3:12 PM
Subject: Red earthquake alert (6.8M,depth:20km) in Indonesia (Bima) 8/11
19:41UTC, Pop100km:0.8m www.gdacs.org - JRC
To: gdacs-noreply at jrc.ec.europa.eu

  *Red Earthquake Alert Indonesia*     Summary

On 11/8/2009 7:41:04 PM UTC (about 03:36h local time) an earthquake of
magnitude 6.8 occurred in the highly populated region of Nusa Tenggara Barat
in Indonesia. The nearest populated places are: Bima (18km), Kananta (17km),
Sowa (11km), Nggaronangga (10km). The closest civilian airport is Bima

Potentially affected critical infrastructure:

   - *Nuclear plants*: [None]
   - *Hydrodams*: [None]
   - *Airports*: Tambolaka (136km), Lunyuk (181km), Satartacik (194km), Bima
   (27km), Sumbawa Besar (148km), Komodo (128km)
   - *Ports*: Memboro (155km), Teluk Sape (42km), Labuhanbajo (127km),
   Sumbawa (147km), Bima (17km), Tambora (75km)

Whether international humanitarian aid is needed must be decided by an
expert. However, the following automatically calculated elements can help.
This earthquake has potentially a *high humanitarian impact* and the
affected region has *high vulnerability* to natural disasters.
 Humanitarian Impact    Vulnerability

Event Date Univ. Time: *Sun, 11/8/2009 19:41 UTC* European Time of the
event: Sun, 11/8/2009 20:41 CET (Brussels, Paris, Rome) East America Time of
the event: Sun, 11/8/2009 14:41 EST (New York, Washington) West America Time
of the event: Sun, 11/8/2009 11:41 PST (San Francisco, Los Angeles) East
Asia Time of the event: Mon, 11/9/2009 04:41 JTI (Tokyo)   This email report
was automatically created by a computer at: 11/8/2009 8:11:32 PM UTC (30
minutes after the event)

See the GDACS website <http://www.gdacs.org> for live news coverage
(including OCHA Situation Reports), the full earthquake

For information on emergency response, please consult the GDACS Virtual
OSOCC <http://ocha.unog.ch/virtualosocc/VODisaster.aspx?emid=53>.
 Earthquake Event   Characteristics

   - *Source*: European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC) M
   - *Magnitude*: 6.8 M
   - *Depth*: 20 km
   - *Location *(Lat/Long): -8.3 | 118.74
   - *Country*: Indonesia
   - *Province*: Nusa Tenggara Barat
   - *Region*: Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
   - *UTC/GMT (Greenwich time)*: 11/8/2009 7:41:04 PM
   - *Estimated local solar time*: 11/9/2009 3:36:02 AM

*Population Density near epicenter (people/km2). Image area: 6x4 decimal
degrees (approx. 650x450km2).*
   Earthquake Impact Details  Potentially affected People

Population Data
 Radius (km) Population Density (people/km²)  1 0  0   2 0  0   5 1040  13
10 9704  30   20 105044  83   50 605316  77   100 887800  28   200 2265520

The population in the area of this earthquake is 77 people/km².

The earthquake occurred at 3h local time. At this time a day, more people
are at home and therefore more vulnerable to collapsing residential
buildings. During traffic hours, people can be affected by collapsing
bridges and other road infrastructure.
  Resilience and Vulnerability  ECHO Intervention Priority Ranking for

   *Overall situation*  Human Development

Human Poverty
   *Exposure to Major Disasters*

Natural Disasters

   *Humanitarian effects of population movement*  Refugees    Internally
Displaced People    *Health and Nutrition*  Undernourishment    Mortality
rates    *Donor contributions*  Official Development assistance

   Source ECHO
Key: Bad - Medium - Good - No data

Resilience is the capacity of the population to cope with a hazard. Since
much of investments in earthquake preparedness and available funds for quick
response is related to household income, the GDP per capita can be used as a
rough indicator of resilience.

Indonesia has a GDP per capita of 961 PPP$ (Parity Purchasing Power Dollar,
about 1 Euro) and is therefore part of the low level income countries.
Therefore, the earthquake happened in an area of *low resilience*.

Based on the combination of 9 indicators, ECHO attributes Indonesia a *high
   Secondary effects

Probability of secondary effects:

   - * Landslides*: The maximum slope in the area of the earthquake is
   47.394% and the maximum altitude is 2547 m. Since this is a medium slope,
   the risk of earthquake induced landslides is medium. Note, however, that the
   slope data is not reliable on a local scale, while landslides depend very
   much on local topography, soil and meteorological conditions.
   - * Nuclear power plants*: There are no nuclear facilities nearby the
   - * Hydrodams*: There are no hydrodam facilities nearby the epicenter.
   - * Tsunami*: No tsunami risk.

   Tsunami propagation for lat/lon =-8.3/118.74 and magnitude=6.8


While we try everything to ensure accuracy, this information is purely
indicative and should not be used for any decision making without alternate
sources of information. The JRC is not responsible for any damage or loss
resulting from the use of the information presented on this website.

Please refer to the GDACS website <http://www.gdacs.org>for subscribing or
unsubscribing from the earthquake alert email or SMS service.

Ryan Lanham
rlanham1963 at gmail.com
Facebook: Ryan_Lanham
P.O. Box 633
Grand Cayman, KY1-1303
Cayman Islands
(345) 916-1712
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