[p2p-research] Developing countries falling into 'broadband gap'
Paul D. Fernhout
pdfernhout at kurtz-fernhout.com
Fri Nov 6 21:15:40 CET 2009
Part of the OLPC project was to create wireless meshes. The hardware for
that was not entirely open though, as it uses commercial chips.
And it still needs some kind of portal to the internet.
Some references to free software in relation to that:
Michel Bauwens wrote:
> Hi Ryan,
> possibly Sepp and the free network service people could answer this, so I've
> put them in cc,
> On Sat, Nov 7, 2009 at 1:03 AM, Ryan Lanham <rlanham1963 at gmail.com> wrote:
>> Is there such a thing as open source broadband hardware?
>> On Fri, Nov 6, 2009 at 11:45 AM, Michel Bauwens <michelsub2004 at gmail.com
>>> From: plenary-bounces at wsis-cs.org [mailto:plenary-bounces at wsis-cs.org]
>>> On Behalf Of Michel Towa koh
>>> Sent: Thursday, November 05, 2009 8:23 AM
>>> To: plenary at wsis-cs.org
>>> Cc: list-reseauafricanet at list.reseauafricanet.org;
>>> acsis_cameroun at yahoogroupes.fr
>>> Subject: [WSIS CS-Plenary] 'broadband gap'
>>> Developing countries falling into 'broadband gap'
>>> Ola Al-Ghazawy
>>> 29 octobre 2009 | EN
>>> Much of the developing world is falling behind with broadband access
>>> [CAIRO] Limited access to broadband Internet is crippling the spread of
>>> information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the developing world
>>> and widening the already significant digital divide, a report has warned.
>>> Bandwidth availability is low and the cost of broadband Internet is high
>>> in many developing countries, says 'Information Economy Report 2009',
>>> released last week (22 October) by the UN Conference on Trade and
>>> Development (UNCTAD).
>>> Prices can reach more than US$1,000 per month in countries such as Burkina
>>> Faso and Kazakhstan. Australia, a country with little more than 20 million
>>> residents, has more broadband users than the whole of the African continent.
>>> This broadband gap deprives developing country businesses of economic
>>> development opportunities such as call centres and offshore offices.
>>> "Broadband access is almost a must for companies with international
>>> branches," Ahmed Ali, a software engineer at computing giant IBM's Egypt
>>> branch, told SciDev.Net.
>>> While major companies such as his use a satellite Internet connection,
>>> smaller companies that provide offshore services for businesses in other
>>> regions need a fast communication channel.
>>> "If broadband is not sufficient then it will be a problem for them and may
>>> hinder progress of their work," he says.
>>> But the mobile phone market is booming in the developing world despite the
>>> economic crisis, the report found. Mobile phone penetration reached 100 per
>>> cent in countries such as Bahrain, South Africa and Qatar. Growth in mobile
>>> use increased more than eightfold in less than ten years.
>>> Mobiles are becoming the preferred mode of communication over landlines
>>> and are increasingly fulfilling ICT needs.
>>> "We now see three and four mobile service providers opening up in these
>>> countries to fill demand. For many people, it is becoming an important tool
>>> for business as well as accessing the Internet," Ahmed Momtaz, a
>>> telecommunication engineer at Vodafone Egypt, told SciDev.Net.
>>> The report suggests governments can work with Internet providers to narrow
>>> the broadband gap by
>>> promoting competition to bring down prices and the sharing of
>>> infrastructure to reduce costs by preventing duplicate efforts. Governments
>>> can also promote Internet centres to offer access to people in poorer
>>> The UNCTAD report also calls for the expansion of underwater fibre optics
>>> network, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa.
>>> Work: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhurakij_Pundit_University - Research:
>>> http://www.dpu.ac.th/dpuic/info/Research.html - Think thank:
>>> P2P Foundation: http://p2pfoundation.net - http://blog.p2pfoundation.net
>>> Connect: http://p2pfoundation.ning.com; Discuss:
>>> Updates: http://del.icio.us/mbauwens; http://friendfeed.com/mbauwens;
>>> http://twitter.com/mbauwens; http://www.facebook.com/mbauwens
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