Difference between revisions of "Global Villages"

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'''Global Villages = local, self-sustaining communities that are nevertheless globally connected.'''
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'''Global Villages = local, self-sustaining, learning communities that are globally connected''' , combining the immaterial wealth of global connectedness and peer design  with the material wealth of local natural resource cycles and human community.
  
combining the immaterial wealth of global connectedness and peer design
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[[Image:Synchroni-city.jpg|200px|thumb|left| This image is giving a visual expression of what a truly Global Village might be and look like is courtesy of [http://www.tonygwilliam.com Tony S. Gwilliam] /Global Villager of the first hour. ]]
with the material wealth of local natural resource cycles and human community.
 
  
[[Image:Synchroni-city.jpg|200px|thumb|left| This image is giving a visual expression of what a truly Global Village might be and look like is courtesy of [http://www.tonysthouse.com/ Tony S. Gwilliam]  [[http://www.tonysthouse.com/img/bali/tony2.jpg]] Global Villager of the first hour.  ]]
 
  
 
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<br>
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<br>
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[http://www.globalvillages.info/wiki?GlobalVillages  The Concept of Global Villages ] <br>
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[[Global Villages Network]] - come and join where you feel at home!
  
  
URL =  http://www.globalvillages.info/wiki.cgi?GlobalVillages/Welcome
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<br clear="all"/>
 
 
URL = http://www.globalvillages.info/wiki.cgi?GlobalVillages/Concept
 
 
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
  
=Citation=
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==Citation==
  
Franz Nahrada:
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[[Franz Nahrada]]:
  
"The core subject of Global Villages is the way we can live physically if
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"The '''core subject''' of Global Villages is the way we can live physically if
we have all the support that the communication revolution can give us.
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we have all the support that the communication revolution can give us.<br />
The core assumption is that we can, for the first time, deeply follow
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The '''core assumption''' is that we can, for the first time, deeply follow
the insight of Kohr and Schumacher that smaller units of living are
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the insight of Kohr and Schumacher that smaller units of social living are
 
potentially more rich in terms of human experience and compassion."
 
potentially more rich in terms of human experience and compassion."
  
 +
[[Image:Synchroni-city.jpg|200px|thumb|right| go to the original Global Village conferences of the nineties: http://www.give.at  ]]
  
=Introduction=
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==Introduction==
  
A contribution of [http://www.p2pfoundation.net/Nahrada%2C_Franz Franz Nahrada], who played some role in the Oekonux mailing list and their third conference in Vienna 2004, on the concept of Global Villages, local, self-sustaining communities that are nevertheless globally connected and collaborating - to even increase their degree of autonomy..
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A contribution of [[Franz Nahrada]], who played some role in the Oekonux mailing list and their third conference in Vienna 2004, on the concept of Global Villages, local, self-sustaining communities that are nevertheless globally connected and collaborating - to even increase their degree of autonomy..
  
 +
"'''Global Villages''' (in plural!) (also sometimes named "Planetary Villages", see the reason  [http://p2pfoundation.net/Category:Economics#Comparison_of_a_Global_Economy_and_Planetary_Systemic_Economy -> here]) is the name for the vision of a new human habitat - offering virtually all of the services and amenities of cities (or even better equivalents!) while still preserving the rural quality of life and care for healing and human dimension. <br />
 +
So the question is if this circumstance already exists, if it is even possible, if it is thgere in embryonic form etc.  That is what we are researching on and the general result of our findings is that the pattern increasingly comes into existence, while lots of functional solutions still have to be met. We seek to create a directory so we can look at more individual examples of what are or might become GlobalVillages. There is innumerable attempts around the globe, and they have a need to be connected to each other.
  
"Global Villages (in plural!) is the name for the vision of a new human habitat - offering virtually all the of services and amenities of cities while still preserving the rural quality of life and care for healing and human dimension. ...But your question is if they already exist. Thats what we are researching on and we find that the pattern comes into existence, while still lots of functions still have to be met. We created a directory so we can look at more individual examples of what are or might become GlobalVillages. There is innumerable attempts around the globe, and they have a need to be connected to each other:
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Global Villages as conceptualized around a free but organized material resource "flow" like in a biotope. That means producers and participants of a humane ecosystem are planning the flow and transformation of material resources and therefore their activity is heavily knowledge - dependent.
  
Global Villages as conceptualized around a free but organized material resource "flow" like in a biotope. '''That means producers and participants of a humane ecosystem are planning the flow and transformation of material resources.'''
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Their human relation does not necessarily mean direct reciprocity (exchange, mostly monetary), this is a rather primitive and unusual form from the point of view of a system flows and you do not see too much reciprocity in ecosystems. Rather it is a challenge of design of interrelatedness of human activities - so their material component mediates mutual reinforcement and cycles.  '''It is neither exchange nor automatic unlimited availability; it is systemic symbiosis.'''
 
 
It does not necessarily mean direct reciprocity, this is rather primitive and unusual from the point of view of a system and you do not see too much reciprocity in ecosystems. Rather it is a challenge of design of interrelatedness of human activities so their material component mediates mutual reenforcement.  '''It is neither exchange nor automatic unlimited availability; it is systemic symbiosis.'''
 
  
 
There are important preconditions for that. The system is based on the McDonough-Braungart formula of "There is no waste in clever  production".
 
There are important preconditions for that. The system is based on the McDonough-Braungart formula of "There is no waste in clever  production".
  
The aim of the Global Villages Movement is to focus [[Peer Production]] on tools that achieve these goals. Which means that there is a lot of matter involved.
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One important aim of the Global Villages Movement / Network is to focus [[Peer Production]] on tools that help us to achieve these goals.
  
 +
==Principles and Goals of the Movement==
  
 +
By Franz Nahrada [http://www.globalvillages.info/wiki.cgi?GlobalVillages/Principles]:
  
=Principles and Goals of the Movement=
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===Principles of the Global Villages Network===
 
 
By Franz Nahrada [http://www.worknets.org/wiki.cgi?GlobalVillages/Principles]:
 
  
 
"I want to focus on the special goals of the Global
 
"I want to focus on the special goals of the Global
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lifestyle with the planet we are living with; in particular this means a
 
lifestyle with the planet we are living with; in particular this means a
 
physical transformation from a world of large industrial and
 
physical transformation from a world of large industrial and
administrative centers to a cellular-fractal world of highly sophisticated
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administrative centers to a '''cellular-fractal world''' of highly sophisticated
 
villages.
 
villages.
  
 
2. We do not want to loose the achievements of science and technology, of
 
2. We do not want to loose the achievements of science and technology, of
culture and art; rather we want to manifest them in physical spaces that
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culture and art; rather we want to manifest them in ''physical spaces that
 
represent more and more perfect encounters of the cultural and the
 
represent more and more perfect encounters of the cultural and the
underlying natural. By going deeper into the nature of things we have
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underlying natural''. By going deeper into the nature of things we have
discovered that nature is nothing that we can just leave behind us, but in
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discovered that ''nature is nothing that we can just leave behind us'', but in
 
itself an incredibly complex technological system, a web of life that
 
itself an incredibly complex technological system, a web of life that
 
transcends many of our highest technological and artistic abilities in
 
transcends many of our highest technological and artistic abilities in
ingenuity, sustainability, perfection and usefulness. The village is an
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ingenuity, sustainability, perfection and usefulness. <br>
 +
 
 +
The '''village''' (or small town) is an
 
environment in which these two layers - nature and culture - can coexist
 
environment in which these two layers - nature and culture - can coexist
 
and influence each other in the best possible way. Aligning ourselves with
 
and influence each other in the best possible way. Aligning ourselves with
nature is the best and most productive way we can overcome boundaries; it
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nature - landscape, plants, the regenerative cycles - is the best and most productive way we can overcome boundaries; it
is not the boundaries of nature that are hindering us but our limited
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is not the boundaries of nature that are hindering us, but our limited
 
understanding of nature and its creativity. Whilst the dominating monetary
 
understanding of nature and its creativity. Whilst the dominating monetary
 
economies have led to narrow-scaled costly battles for shrinking buying
 
economies have led to narrow-scaled costly battles for shrinking buying
 
power in the short-term cyclical consumption game and abandoned and
 
power in the short-term cyclical consumption game and abandoned and
 
exploited everything which could be made productive in the long run,
 
exploited everything which could be made productive in the long run,
Global Villages are directly linked to the constant long-term regeneration
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'''''Global Villages are directly linked to the constant long-term regeneration
of natural environments. Permaculture has proven hat humans can largely
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of natural environments'''''. Permaculture has proven that humans can largely
 
enhance and support natural systems instead of distorting or destroying
 
enhance and support natural systems instead of distorting or destroying
 
them, an activity which results in the creation of really sustainable
 
them, an activity which results in the creation of really sustainable
 
abundance.
 
abundance.
 +
 +
(Note: we believe that the degradation and deserting of natural and cultural landscape is the main cause not only of desertification, but in consequence of this also the main driver of climate change - through distortion of the cooling water cycles that influence our climate)
  
 
3. By the very same means the village is also the perfect environment to
 
3. By the very same means the village is also the perfect environment to
represent our diverse cultural designs; it allows people to live and
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represent our '''diverse cultural designs'''; it allows people to live and
 
breathe locally alongside shared values, whilst not hindering other people
 
breathe locally alongside shared values, whilst not hindering other people
in other villages in realizing theirs. An unprecedented culture of
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in other "villages" in realizing theirs. An unprecedented culture of
reconciliation and coesistence between formerly hostile cultures can
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reconciliation and coexistence between formerly hostile cultures can
 
result out of this, but also a positive competition of entirely different
 
result out of this, but also a positive competition of entirely different
 
solutions to common problems. Moving out of each others way will not
 
solutions to common problems. Moving out of each others way will not
 
require heavy migration, just maybe a little relocation. Many cities have
 
require heavy migration, just maybe a little relocation. Many cities have
 
successfully drawn their strength from this pattern, as Christopher
 
successfully drawn their strength from this pattern, as Christopher
Alexander describes in "a network of subcultures".
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Alexander describes in "a network of subcultures". Locality bears a "genius loci" and the main problem of our cities is the destruction of this simple truth.
 
 
  
'''C'''
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===What do we want to achieve===
  
 
So there result some intermediary goals:
 
So there result some intermediary goals:
  
 
1. Make the concept of a Global Village clearer and operationalize it in
 
1. Make the concept of a Global Village clearer and operationalize it in
the most simplest way. So the proposed formula is: a Global Village is
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the most simplest way and PUT IT INTO PRACTICE. So the proposed formula is: a Global Village is
simply and basically the synergetic relationship between a local learning
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simply and basically the synergetic relationship between a '''local learning
center with access to global knowledge (Telecenter, Hub, Library, ...) on
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center with access to global knowledge''' (Telecenter, Hub, Library, ...) on
one side  with a local environment in which this knowledge can be applied,
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one side  '''with a local innovation environment (test field)''' in which this knowledge can be applied,
 
tested, enhanced on the other side. A Global Village needs to be
 
tested, enhanced on the other side. A Global Village needs to be
 
resourceful in access to the world of information and culture, as well as
 
resourceful in access to the world of information and culture, as well as
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Global Village is to provide a high quality, healthy, satisfactory, secure
 
Global Village is to provide a high quality, healthy, satisfactory, secure
 
and sustainable lifestyle to its inhabitants and improve and densify the
 
and sustainable lifestyle to its inhabitants and improve and densify the
local life process.
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local life process. Thus it is the ultimate answer to the crisis of the capitalist - industrial system.
  
 
2. Paradoxically, the main means to accelerate this process is to increase
 
2. Paradoxically, the main means to accelerate this process is to increase
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knowledge and ingenuity needed to fulfill their task, Global Villages have
 
knowledge and ingenuity needed to fulfill their task, Global Villages have
 
a strong positive interest in the growth of partner villages around the
 
a strong positive interest in the growth of partner villages around the
world, a positive virtuos cycle that we see eventually ending in their
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world, a '''positive virtuous cycle''' that we see eventually ending in their
becoming the dominant form of human community of this planet - something
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becoming the dominant form of human community of this planet (something
which seems almost crazy to predict today when we are still hardly at the
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which seems almost crazy to predict today, when we are still hardly at the
end of a self-supporting depopulation wave towards and in favor of big
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end of the self-increasing depopulation wave towards and in favor of big
 
cities. It is therefore very important especially today to start creating
 
cities. It is therefore very important especially today to start creating
and showing more and more examples of this reversal trend. It is not
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and showing more and more examples to feed the reversal trend. It is not
 
important to focus on quantity today, but on the quality of design and the
 
important to focus on quantity today, but on the quality of design and the
 
scope of cooperative and generative activities. Global Villages of today
 
scope of cooperative and generative activities. Global Villages of today
are "pioneer plants" .
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are "pioneer plants").
  
 
3. Creating the infrastructure and the technology to make these villages
 
3. Creating the infrastructure and the technology to make these villages
co-developing and co-producing. We need virtual design boards for machines
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co-developing and co-producing. We need '''virtual design boards and communities''' for machines
 
and devices that can be assembled locally, we need the tools and the
 
and devices that can be assembled locally, we need the tools and the
 
regenerative skills to obtain local materials for assembly and production,
 
regenerative skills to obtain local materials for assembly and production,
 
as we need design languages to facilitate effective cooperation on complex
 
as we need design languages to facilitate effective cooperation on complex
 
issues. We need ways to quickly and effectively assign tasks in a virtual
 
issues. We need ways to quickly and effectively assign tasks in a virtual
division of labour, and we need basic life maintainance agreements to free
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division of r&d labour, and '''we need basic life maintenance agreements to free
our designing ingenuity from the individual struggle for survival. We need
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our designing ingenuity from the individual struggle for survival''' (Maybe a revival of the monastery idea?). We need
 
to exchange and evaluate different forms of local economic organisation,
 
to exchange and evaluate different forms of local economic organisation,
be it monetary or non-monetary. We need to empower people who have not yet
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be it monetary or non-monetary.  
 +
 
 +
We also need to empower people who have not yet
 
discovered this potential to cross the digital divide in their
 
discovered this potential to cross the digital divide in their
own,special, particular way. The healer, the baker, the shoemaker, the
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own, special, particular way. Whatever one does in this local world,
 +
it may get better by forming global virtual communities of practice.
 +
The healer, the baker, the shoemaker, the
 
artist, the thinker, the singer, the resource broker .... everyone has the
 
artist, the thinker, the singer, the resource broker .... everyone has the
 
opportunity and the challenge to develop their individual talent and
 
opportunity and the challenge to develop their individual talent and
contribution in allignment with global cultural communities that support
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contribution in alignment with global cultural communities that support
competence and passion.
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competence and passion, give support and know-how.
  
'''D'''
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This is, in the deepest sense, the reason why we call this new world not "Global Village" but "Global Villages" - a multitude of interconnected localities.
 +
 
 +
'''Immediate Goals'''
  
 
So the immediate goals could be
 
So the immediate goals could be
  
1. to identify learning centers that have the potential to feed into a
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1. to identify '''learning centers''' that have the potential to feed into a village / locality and join with all likeminded institutions to a "virtual university of the villages"
village and on the other hand villages that have the potential to generate
 
a learning center. We might want to make a difference between these two
 
approaches, because the first one is more focussed on "germs" and smaller
 
institutions (or even single people!) that bring a larger potential to a
 
locality, whilst the second one is focusing on communities and large,
 
official institutions, regional features, achievements etc.
 
  
2. to develop and deliver a criteria catalogue for BOTH appoaches without
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2. to identify '''actors''' which will be supportive in this respect. For this we also team up with the Project Unavision (http://www.unavision.eu)
confusing them.
 
  
3. To turn this into a questionaire because the potential GlobalVillages
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3. to identify '''contents''' shared and developed locally or in global teams, relevant to improving local life in all its dimensions.
all over the world are lining up!"
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(http://www.worknets.org/wiki.cgi?GlobalVillages/Principles)
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4. to draw maps of change in all peripheral regions of the world, to identify strong centers, hotspots and achievements,
  
 
==Hannover Principles==
 
==Hannover Principles==
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'''Global Villages follow the Hannover Principles'''
 
'''Global Villages follow the Hannover Principles'''
  
URL = http://www.mindfully.org/Sustainability/Hannover-Principles.htm
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URL = http://www.mindfully.org/Sustainability/Hannover-Principles.htm (with some additions by Franz Nahrada)
  
 
    
 
    
 
# Insist on rights of humanity and nature to '''co-exist''' in a healthy, supportive, diverse and sustainable condition.
 
# Insist on rights of humanity and nature to '''co-exist''' in a healthy, supportive, diverse and sustainable condition.
 
# Recognize interdependence. The elements of human design '''interact with and depend upon the natural world''', with broad and diverse implications at every scale. Expand design considerations to recognizing even distant effects.
 
# Recognize interdependence. The elements of human design '''interact with and depend upon the natural world''', with broad and diverse implications at every scale. Expand design considerations to recognizing even distant effects.
# Respect relationships between '''spirit and matter'''. Consider all aspects of human settlement including community, dwelling, industry and trade in terms of existing and evolving connections between spiritual and material consciousness.
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# Respect relationships between '''spirit and matter'''. Consider all aspects of human settlement including community, dwelling, industry and trade in terms of existing and evolving connections between spiritual and material consciousness. "Everything is connected"
# Accept responsibility for the consequences of design decisions upon human well-being, the viability of natural systems and their right to co-exist.
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# Accept responsibility for the consequences of design decisions upon human well-being, the viability of natural systems and their right to co-exist. "Design for small, incremental changes; Design for failure and learning"
 
# Create safe objects of long-term value. Do not burden future generations with requirements for maintenance or vigilant administration of potential danger due to the careless creation of products, processes or standards.
 
# Create safe objects of long-term value. Do not burden future generations with requirements for maintenance or vigilant administration of potential danger due to the careless creation of products, processes or standards.
# Eliminate the concept of waste. Evaluate and optimize the full life-cycle of products and processes, to approach the state of natural systems, in which there is no waste.
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# Eliminate the concept of waste. Evaluate and optimize the full life-cycle of products and processes, to approach the state of natural systems, in which there is no waste. "cradle to cradle - the waste of the one is the food of the other"
# Rely on natural energy flows. Human designs should, like the living world, derive their creative forces from perpetual solar income. Incorporate this energy efficiently and safely for responsible use.
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# Rely on natural energy flows ad material flows. Human designs should, like the living world, derive their creative forces from perpetual solar income. Incorporate this energy efficiently and safely for responsible use. Keep in mind that water is the bearer of life.
 
# Understand the limitations of design. No human creation lasts forever and design does not solve all problems. Those who create and plan should practice humility in the face of nature. Treat nature as a model and mentor, not as an inconvenience to be evaded or controlled.
 
# Understand the limitations of design. No human creation lasts forever and design does not solve all problems. Those who create and plan should practice humility in the face of nature. Treat nature as a model and mentor, not as an inconvenience to be evaded or controlled.
# Seek constant improvement by the sharing of knowledge. Encourage direct and open communication between colleagues, patrons, manufacturers and users to link long term sustainable considerations with ethical responsibility, and re-establish the integral relationship between natural processes and human activity.
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# Seek constant improvement by the sharing of knowledge. Encourage direct and open communication between colleagues, patrons, manufacturers and users to link long term sustainable considerations with ethical responsibility, and re-establish the integral relationship between natural processes and human activity. Form open Design communities. release early, release often.
  
 
The Hannover Principles should be seen as a living document committed to the transformation and growth in the understanding of our interdependence with nature, so that they may adapt as our knowledge of the world evolves.
 
The Hannover Principles should be seen as a living document committed to the transformation and growth in the understanding of our interdependence with nature, so that they may adapt as our knowledge of the world evolves.
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When you make decisions in your organization, remember these essential '''Principles''':
 
When you make decisions in your organization, remember these essential '''Principles''':
 
 
    
 
    
 
* Recognize interdependence. Simply put: everything you do personally, in your organization and through your work interacts with and depends upon the natural world, at every scale, both locally and across the globe.
 
* Recognize interdependence. Simply put: everything you do personally, in your organization and through your work interacts with and depends upon the natural world, at every scale, both locally and across the globe.
   
 
 
* Eliminate the concept of waste. Are you considering the full, life-cycle consequences of what you create or buy?
 
* Eliminate the concept of waste. Are you considering the full, life-cycle consequences of what you create or buy?
   
 
 
* Understand the limitations of design. Treat nature as a model, not as an inconvenience to be evaded or controlled."
 
* Understand the limitations of design. Treat nature as a model, not as an inconvenience to be evaded or controlled."
 
 
The Hannover Principles, 1992 http://policyworks.gov/org/main/mp/gsa/sd2.html USGSA website; Definitions used in Hannover Principles, at http://www.fac.unc.edu/eag/Definitions.htm
 
The Hannover Principles, 1992 http://policyworks.gov/org/main/mp/gsa/sd2.html USGSA website; Definitions used in Hannover Principles, at http://www.fac.unc.edu/eag/Definitions.htm
  
=Full Text Presentation=
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==Discussion==
  
Franz Nahrada:
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===Vision Statement on Global Villages by Franz Nahrada===
  
"The Vision of Global Villages
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See: [[Global Village Movement Status Report 2008]]
  
The term Global Village originally was coined by Marshall McLuhan to
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and: [[Global Village Movement Status Report 2010]]
express the sensation of proximity in an era of mass media and mass
 
communication. Increasingly, the very near and the very remote – something
 
anywhere on the globe - can happen and be experienced synchronously by the
 
users of media. For McLuhan, the media that connect our thoughts and our
 
feelings were the primordial structures that shape the direction of our
 
perception, intention and culture. A change in media would allow certain
 
things to grow to new extremes, while blocking out other things. Also this
 
change would revitalize and retrieve older structures, while preparing new
 
developments in future.
 
  
When we use the term Global Village it is in plural: Global Villages. What
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==More Information==
can grow to extremes is the potential of human beings to access any kind
 
of information or experience from any point of this globe, which can mean
 
that we either can be “nomads” or we can be “settlers” and bring work,
 
relations, learning with us. This holds an exciting promise: we can gain
 
new liberty in choosing the place of our lives, without being lost in a
 
strange place. We can choose to ignore the place of our lives as well and
 
dive into the sphere of communication and virtual excitement. But we can
 
also do the very opposite: use the power of communication to enhance the
 
quality of a place, its capacity to support life, solve problems.
 
 
 
A very few people can create a dense field of local interactions
 
especially when supported by the immense power of ingenuity, know-how,
 
counsel, creativity, inventiveness that emerges between likeminded beings
 
around the world. We have chosen to use the term “Global Village” in this
 
particular sense, as the description of an information–enhanced physical
 
place. Its also connected to the idea of “retrieval”, expressing that we
 
can finally return to a more healthy and more appropriate environment that
 
has been the environment of humans for thousands of years; a place that
 
relates to nature, is of human size, allows the individual to influence
 
its surroundings. We bring our mind home again, as architect Tony Gwilliam
 
once said. We take some sophistication out of the centralised
 
institutions, the sophistication that helped so much to increase our
 
knowledge and abilities, and we apply and melt it to the small and
 
immediate environment around us that allows us to unfold in freedom and
 
self-determination. This environment is one that has its own traditional
 
sophistication, often forgotten. This environment used to be the village,
 
which is often connotated with terms like “miserable”, “dumb” and “poor”.
 
We retrieve the village and we want to make it smart and abundant. In
 
this goal, we are at the same time linked with a large number of
 
equal-minded people who live and work somewhere else on this globe. We
 
discover that this ubiquitous village spaces hold much more space for
 
human development than the overcrowded cities. We discover that we can
 
blend the natural potential of landscapes, plants, animals with the
 
technological potential of automation - to form a new “city-organism”
 
embedded in cultured landscape in which we live efficiently and safe. We
 
might still be adventurous, hungry for experience and therefore nomadic –
 
but we know there is something to return to, where we can spend most of
 
our life at. The main goal of our lives is to cultivate this network of
 
villages by increasing the technological base that helps us building,
 
growing, harvesting. From primarily market oriented we return to primarily
 
subsistence – oriented, and we share all knowledge freely that allows us
 
to build, grow, harvest better. We share it with all villages and people
 
of the world, and the world of Global Villages shares with us. Thus we
 
out-cooperate structures of intellectual property and competition. Yet we
 
might want to continue to buy and sell, but it is not for outperforming
 
each other - which led to the monstrous structures of industrialism. It is
 
rather a retrieval of craftsmanship, skill, uniqueness. We don’t have
 
“trade secrets”, but there is more individuality and uniqueness than ever
 
– a blend of place, people, culture that materializes in products and
 
services.
 
 
 
Villages might join together in different ways, as virtual cooperatives,
 
trade partners, barter circles, might use currencies or gift economy
 
schemes: the exciting thing is that all those possibilties are open. If in
 
this pattern we choose a place to live, it is because not just the place
 
but also the people with whom we live are in resonance with us. Culture is
 
an issue of choice, and this choice creates diversity between cultures on
 
one side and a test of cultures on the other side. We might intentionally
 
choose certain belief systems to live them out in full consequence, but we
 
will not claim there is only one true belief system, rather put them
 
constantly to test. Imagine a world where capitalism and communism is
 
possible at the same time, just at different locations!
 
 
 
This also means that we are decreasing dependence on external factors. One
 
of the main sources of the Kenyan Crisis in 2008, for example, is that a
 
decent life according to the promises of civilisation is not possible
 
without a share of money. When there is not enough internal accumulation
 
in a country, the source of that money is corruption. The scarce resources
 
are allocated by a system of monopolisation and power, and it is
 
existential to be in the right group to survive. The result of elections
 
determines the conditions of survival. This holds true not only for Kenya,
 
but for many countries and areas in the world. So it is about time to
 
radically think about internal accumulation of resources – but in a new
 
way, not for the sake of competition.
 
 
 
Global Villages as we foresee them will survive and thrive by their
 
internal capacities, which are constantly supported by networking. Every
 
invention or pattern that proves efficient and meaningful on one corner of
 
the world can be multiplied, tested elsewhere, can thus be refined and
 
enhanced. To give a simple example, only one percent of the sunflowers
 
mass is used for valuable production, the rest is “biomass” that is burned
 
one or the other way. Green chemistry is discovering enormous wealth in
 
this biomass, that can be processed in many ways and be the source of much
 
more valuable stuff.
 
 
 
Global Villages are a project of peace. The idea is to make it possible
 
for everyone, every group, each culture, to have a home place, to thrive
 
and share knowledge and therefore thrive more and so also develop a
 
positive interest into the growth of the commonwealth of villages
 
regardless of their denomination– simply because the more there are, the
 
greater the possibilities for all. The idea has to be tested, and it has
 
never been tested before. We know that the building blocks are there:
 
sophisticated communication technologies and therefore unlimited local
 
learning by access to networks, a new and deepened understanding of the
 
power and capacities of nature - if it is well-understood and well-managed
 
- , new patterns in architecture, solar and material technology, of
 
feedback cycles, interactions, fields. Carpenters will work with virtual
 
cooperatives of carpenters, shoemakers with shoemakers, bakers with bakers
 
and brickmakers with brickmakers! Almost each person in the village is
 
supported by a global network that cares about the persons profession,
 
calling, endavours, allowing to raise the quality and find the worlds best
 
answers to each question that might arise locally.
 
 
 
There are several perspectives why we think that Global Villages are an
 
important and substantial goal to work for.
 
 
 
From the perspective of the individual, especially of the independent
 
thinkers that we care for, villages in the broadest sense are environments
 
where there is potentially a larger degree of freedom and choice. In
 
large institutions and in crowded settlements little respect is paid to
 
individual freedom and creativity, to a balance between social norms and
 
the personal ability to modify them, change them, refine them. There is
 
anonymity and a feeling of alienation, of distance between what determines
 
society and what moves the individual (and what the individual can move).
 
Creativity is seen as a quality of entertainment, not of life. Even
 
though such alienation might even be worse and crushing in circumstances
 
of smaller communities, when an individual is labelled outsider by an old
 
elite, we can imagine that this situation is easier to change by
 
intensified local communication and direct challenge. In the context of
 
the Minciu Sodas / Orchard of Thought network we support the creative
 
power of people against the inertia of institutions, because institutions
 
tend to dampen and discourage the inventiveness and inner potential of
 
people, which is the main source of progress and evolution. We think that
 
independent thinkers seek an environment which they can influence (and
 
thus might even be found in villages rather than cities), and we help each
 
other bringing out the best – which also means manifestation in the life
 
circumstances of a community.
 
 
 
There is a radically different perspective - the perspective of the planet
 
as a living entity - which also supports the idea of Global Villages and
 
converges with the first. In this perspective, the better cooperation and
 
connection between humans, landscape, plants and animals stabilizes and
 
enhances the ecosystems, supports the intensification of the web of life
 
and the layer of beauty that is the surface of our common home. The earth
 
will look radically different if we continue to choose to live in urban
 
agglomerations or if we dare to reverse the trend and strengthen the
 
peripheries. In the latter case we understand that human presence and
 
regenerative design can also be the key to fertility and integrity of
 
soil, ubiquity of plants, stabilisation of climate, in short the breathing
 
and vitality of the being that we are part of. Human needs not to be
 
alienated and separated from ecology; human activities can be shaped in a
 
way that they are both creating abundance for humans and resources for
 
natural cycles. One example is the human-supported building of soil,
 
something that biological farming and composting is at the very beginning
 
to understand completely. New ways of composting, recycling, planting,
 
building, producing are sought that feed back in a non-toxic way into the
 
sources of life stock. Human presence and interest is required to do that,
 
and therefore the Global Villages where people live a more decentralized
 
life, assimilated to the exciting possibilities of every kind of
 
landscape, spreading but not sprawling, gentle and dense at the same time,
 
lean and green, connected by the virtual networks of united
 
problem-solving, are an interesting and essential element of our planets
 
future.
 
 
 
'''What are the next steps?'''
 
 
 
It is self – explanatory that we are far away from even coming close to
 
the vision of Global Villages just outlined, but we can start weaving the
 
pattern by understanding that each and every telecenter, networked
 
education place, virtual cooperation project, sharing of information and
 
so on is a tiny step towards a great goal. Therefore it is crucial to
 
foster and enhance networking around practical questions, mutual support,
 
solidarity of local communities around the world in cherishing their
 
immediate places. We must increase the awareness and the perception of
 
each others presence, we must start to understand that it is necessary to
 
invite and engage others into our local circumstance. We should be able to
 
find each other quickly and commonly develop a matrix of problem-solving
 
activities around the world.
 
 
 
Franz Nahrada, Hochegg, February 2008
 
 
 
=More Information=
 
  
 
More info from the [[GIVE]] initiative:  
 
More info from the [[GIVE]] initiative:  
 
+
* http://www.globalvillages.info/wiki?/GlobalVillages/Directory;   
* http://www.globalvillages.info/index.php/GlobalVillages/Directory;   
+
* http://www.globalvillages.info/wiki?/GlobalVillages/DiscussGlobalVillages
* http://www.globalvillages.info/index.php/GlobalVillages/DiscussGlobalVillages
 
 
 
  
 
Definitional work at  
 
Definitional work at  
 
 
* http://www.globalvillages.info/wiki.cgi?GlobalVillages/Definition
 
* http://www.globalvillages.info/wiki.cgi?GlobalVillages/Definition
 
  
 
See also related concepts such as [[Multi-local Societies]] and [[Glocalized Networks]]
 
See also related concepts such as [[Multi-local Societies]] and [[Glocalized Networks]]
  
=Key Books to Read=
+
==Key Books to Read==
  
 
The following 2 books are recommended by Franz Nahrada:
 
The following 2 books are recommended by Franz Nahrada:
  
 
+
1. '''Design Outlaws''', at http://www.designoutlaws.org/
1. '''Design Outlaws''', at http://www.designoutlaws.com/
 
  
 
crossing architecture, ecology and technology.
 
crossing architecture, ecology and technology.
 
  
 
'''2. Local Action / Global Interaction  Edited by Peter Day and Douglas
 
'''2. Local Action / Global Interaction  Edited by Peter Day and Douglas
Line 411: Line 218:
  
 
Info at http://trout.cpsr.org/program/sphere/books/community-practice.toc.html
 
Info at http://trout.cpsr.org/program/sphere/books/community-practice.toc.html
 +
 +
==More Information==
 +
*[[Global Ecovillage Network]]
 +
*[[Open Digital Village]]
 +
*[[Global Village Construction Set]] (GVCS)
 +
*[[Marcin Jakubowski on Building the World's First Replicable Open Source Global Village]]
 +
*The [[Venus Project]]
 +
*[[Damanhur]]
  
 
----
 
----
  
[[Category: Encyclopedia]]
+
[[Category:Encyclopedia]]
 
 
 
[[Category:Movements]]
 
[[Category:Movements]]
 
+
[[Category:Villages]]
 
[[Category:Governance]]
 
[[Category:Governance]]
 
 
[[Category:Ecology]]
 
[[Category:Ecology]]
 
 
[[Category:Geography]]
 
[[Category:Geography]]
 +
[[Category:Global Commons]]
 +
[[Category:Urbanism]]

Latest revision as of 10:43, 2 March 2020

Global Villages = local, self-sustaining, learning communities that are globally connected , combining the immaterial wealth of global connectedness and peer design with the material wealth of local natural resource cycles and human community.

This image is giving a visual expression of what a truly Global Village might be and look like is courtesy of Tony S. Gwilliam /Global Villager of the first hour.




The Concept of Global Villages
Global Villages Network - come and join where you feel at home!



Citation

Franz Nahrada:

"The core subject of Global Villages is the way we can live physically if we have all the support that the communication revolution can give us.
The core assumption is that we can, for the first time, deeply follow the insight of Kohr and Schumacher that smaller units of social living are potentially more rich in terms of human experience and compassion."

go to the original Global Village conferences of the nineties: http://www.give.at

Introduction

A contribution of Franz Nahrada, who played some role in the Oekonux mailing list and their third conference in Vienna 2004, on the concept of Global Villages, local, self-sustaining communities that are nevertheless globally connected and collaborating - to even increase their degree of autonomy..

"Global Villages (in plural!) (also sometimes named "Planetary Villages", see the reason -> here) is the name for the vision of a new human habitat - offering virtually all of the services and amenities of cities (or even better equivalents!) while still preserving the rural quality of life and care for healing and human dimension.
So the question is if this circumstance already exists, if it is even possible, if it is thgere in embryonic form etc. That is what we are researching on and the general result of our findings is that the pattern increasingly comes into existence, while lots of functional solutions still have to be met. We seek to create a directory so we can look at more individual examples of what are or might become GlobalVillages. There is innumerable attempts around the globe, and they have a need to be connected to each other.

Global Villages as conceptualized around a free but organized material resource "flow" like in a biotope. That means producers and participants of a humane ecosystem are planning the flow and transformation of material resources and therefore their activity is heavily knowledge - dependent.

Their human relation does not necessarily mean direct reciprocity (exchange, mostly monetary), this is a rather primitive and unusual form from the point of view of a system flows and you do not see too much reciprocity in ecosystems. Rather it is a challenge of design of interrelatedness of human activities - so their material component mediates mutual reinforcement and cycles. It is neither exchange nor automatic unlimited availability; it is systemic symbiosis.

There are important preconditions for that. The system is based on the McDonough-Braungart formula of "There is no waste in clever production".

One important aim of the Global Villages Movement / Network is to focus Peer Production on tools that help us to achieve these goals.

Principles and Goals of the Movement

By Franz Nahrada [1]:

Principles of the Global Villages Network

"I want to focus on the special goals of the Global Villages Network based on the following underlying assumptions:

1. We think that the biggest requirement of our time is to rebalance our lifestyle with the planet we are living with; in particular this means a physical transformation from a world of large industrial and administrative centers to a cellular-fractal world of highly sophisticated villages.

2. We do not want to loose the achievements of science and technology, of culture and art; rather we want to manifest them in physical spaces that represent more and more perfect encounters of the cultural and the underlying natural. By going deeper into the nature of things we have discovered that nature is nothing that we can just leave behind us, but in itself an incredibly complex technological system, a web of life that transcends many of our highest technological and artistic abilities in ingenuity, sustainability, perfection and usefulness.

The village (or small town) is an environment in which these two layers - nature and culture - can coexist and influence each other in the best possible way. Aligning ourselves with nature - landscape, plants, the regenerative cycles - is the best and most productive way we can overcome boundaries; it is not the boundaries of nature that are hindering us, but our limited understanding of nature and its creativity. Whilst the dominating monetary economies have led to narrow-scaled costly battles for shrinking buying power in the short-term cyclical consumption game and abandoned and exploited everything which could be made productive in the long run, Global Villages are directly linked to the constant long-term regeneration of natural environments. Permaculture has proven that humans can largely enhance and support natural systems instead of distorting or destroying them, an activity which results in the creation of really sustainable abundance.

(Note: we believe that the degradation and deserting of natural and cultural landscape is the main cause not only of desertification, but in consequence of this also the main driver of climate change - through distortion of the cooling water cycles that influence our climate)

3. By the very same means the village is also the perfect environment to represent our diverse cultural designs; it allows people to live and breathe locally alongside shared values, whilst not hindering other people in other "villages" in realizing theirs. An unprecedented culture of reconciliation and coexistence between formerly hostile cultures can result out of this, but also a positive competition of entirely different solutions to common problems. Moving out of each others way will not require heavy migration, just maybe a little relocation. Many cities have successfully drawn their strength from this pattern, as Christopher Alexander describes in "a network of subcultures". Locality bears a "genius loci" and the main problem of our cities is the destruction of this simple truth.

What do we want to achieve

So there result some intermediary goals:

1. Make the concept of a Global Village clearer and operationalize it in the most simplest way and PUT IT INTO PRACTICE. So the proposed formula is: a Global Village is simply and basically the synergetic relationship between a local learning center with access to global knowledge (Telecenter, Hub, Library, ...) on one side with a local innovation environment (test field) in which this knowledge can be applied, tested, enhanced on the other side. A Global Village needs to be resourceful in access to the world of information and culture, as well as it needs to be resourceful in access to local resources, material - energetical cycles, inhabitants, processes, biotopes etc. The purpose of a Global Village is to provide a high quality, healthy, satisfactory, secure and sustainable lifestyle to its inhabitants and improve and densify the local life process. Thus it is the ultimate answer to the crisis of the capitalist - industrial system.

2. Paradoxically, the main means to accelerate this process is to increase the number of likeminded places around the world. Because of the enormous knowledge and ingenuity needed to fulfill their task, Global Villages have a strong positive interest in the growth of partner villages around the world, a positive virtuous cycle that we see eventually ending in their becoming the dominant form of human community of this planet (something which seems almost crazy to predict today, when we are still hardly at the end of the self-increasing depopulation wave towards and in favor of big cities. It is therefore very important especially today to start creating and showing more and more examples to feed the reversal trend. It is not important to focus on quantity today, but on the quality of design and the scope of cooperative and generative activities. Global Villages of today are "pioneer plants").

3. Creating the infrastructure and the technology to make these villages co-developing and co-producing. We need virtual design boards and communities for machines and devices that can be assembled locally, we need the tools and the regenerative skills to obtain local materials for assembly and production, as we need design languages to facilitate effective cooperation on complex issues. We need ways to quickly and effectively assign tasks in a virtual division of r&d labour, and we need basic life maintenance agreements to free our designing ingenuity from the individual struggle for survival (Maybe a revival of the monastery idea?). We need to exchange and evaluate different forms of local economic organisation, be it monetary or non-monetary.

We also need to empower people who have not yet discovered this potential to cross the digital divide in their own, special, particular way. Whatever one does in this local world, it may get better by forming global virtual communities of practice. The healer, the baker, the shoemaker, the artist, the thinker, the singer, the resource broker .... everyone has the opportunity and the challenge to develop their individual talent and contribution in alignment with global cultural communities that support competence and passion, give support and know-how.

This is, in the deepest sense, the reason why we call this new world not "Global Village" but "Global Villages" - a multitude of interconnected localities.

Immediate Goals

So the immediate goals could be

1. to identify learning centers that have the potential to feed into a village / locality and join with all likeminded institutions to a "virtual university of the villages"

2. to identify actors which will be supportive in this respect. For this we also team up with the Project Unavision (http://www.unavision.eu)

3. to identify contents shared and developed locally or in global teams, relevant to improving local life in all its dimensions.

4. to draw maps of change in all peripheral regions of the world, to identify strong centers, hotspots and achievements,

Hannover Principles

Global Villages follow the Hannover Principles

URL = http://www.mindfully.org/Sustainability/Hannover-Principles.htm (with some additions by Franz Nahrada)


  1. Insist on rights of humanity and nature to co-exist in a healthy, supportive, diverse and sustainable condition.
  2. Recognize interdependence. The elements of human design interact with and depend upon the natural world, with broad and diverse implications at every scale. Expand design considerations to recognizing even distant effects.
  3. Respect relationships between spirit and matter. Consider all aspects of human settlement including community, dwelling, industry and trade in terms of existing and evolving connections between spiritual and material consciousness. "Everything is connected"
  4. Accept responsibility for the consequences of design decisions upon human well-being, the viability of natural systems and their right to co-exist. "Design for small, incremental changes; Design for failure and learning"
  5. Create safe objects of long-term value. Do not burden future generations with requirements for maintenance or vigilant administration of potential danger due to the careless creation of products, processes or standards.
  6. Eliminate the concept of waste. Evaluate and optimize the full life-cycle of products and processes, to approach the state of natural systems, in which there is no waste. "cradle to cradle - the waste of the one is the food of the other"
  7. Rely on natural energy flows ad material flows. Human designs should, like the living world, derive their creative forces from perpetual solar income. Incorporate this energy efficiently and safely for responsible use. Keep in mind that water is the bearer of life.
  8. Understand the limitations of design. No human creation lasts forever and design does not solve all problems. Those who create and plan should practice humility in the face of nature. Treat nature as a model and mentor, not as an inconvenience to be evaded or controlled.
  9. Seek constant improvement by the sharing of knowledge. Encourage direct and open communication between colleagues, patrons, manufacturers and users to link long term sustainable considerations with ethical responsibility, and re-establish the integral relationship between natural processes and human activity. Form open Design communities. release early, release often.

The Hannover Principles should be seen as a living document committed to the transformation and growth in the understanding of our interdependence with nature, so that they may adapt as our knowledge of the world evolves.

Developed by William McDonough and Michael Braungart, the Hannover Principles were among the first to comprehensively address the fundamental ideas of sustainability and the built environment, recognizing our interdependence with nature and proposing a new relationship that includes our responsibilities to protect it. The Principles encourage all of us - you, your organization, your suppliers and customers - to link long term sustainable considerations with ethical responsibility, and to re-establish the integral relationship between natural processes and human activity.


When you make decisions in your organization, remember these essential Principles:

  • Recognize interdependence. Simply put: everything you do personally, in your organization and through your work interacts with and depends upon the natural world, at every scale, both locally and across the globe.
  • Eliminate the concept of waste. Are you considering the full, life-cycle consequences of what you create or buy?
  • Understand the limitations of design. Treat nature as a model, not as an inconvenience to be evaded or controlled."

The Hannover Principles, 1992 http://policyworks.gov/org/main/mp/gsa/sd2.html USGSA website; Definitions used in Hannover Principles, at http://www.fac.unc.edu/eag/Definitions.htm

Discussion

Vision Statement on Global Villages by Franz Nahrada

See: Global Village Movement Status Report 2008

and: Global Village Movement Status Report 2010

More Information

More info from the GIVE initiative:

Definitional work at

See also related concepts such as Multi-local Societies and Glocalized Networks

Key Books to Read

The following 2 books are recommended by Franz Nahrada:

1. Design Outlaws, at http://www.designoutlaws.org/

crossing architecture, ecology and technology.

2. Local Action / Global Interaction Edited by Peter Day and Douglas Schuler

Info at http://trout.cpsr.org/program/sphere/books/community-practice.toc.html

More Information