Gross Data Product
"Academia have established criteria for the importance of “data” in the overall economy. This has lead to the ranking of world’s top “Gross Data Product” producers, according to four criteria:
Volume: Absolute amount of broadband consumed by a country, as a proxy for the raw data generated.
Usage: Number of users active on the internet, as a proxy for the breadth of usage behaviors, needs and contexts.
Accessibility: Institutional openness to data flows as a way to assess whether the data generated in a country permits wider usability and accessibility by multiple AI researchers, innovators, and applications.
Complexity: Volume of broadband consumption per capita, as a proxy for the sophistication and complexity of digital activity." (https://www.gunterpauli.com/blog/the-real-challenge-is-not-5g-but-who-is-datamining)