Difference Between Shared Code for Immaterial Production and Shared Design for Material Production
"Let me make some theorical considerations about open production. Imho the two big differences between immaterial production (ip) and material production (mp) now are:
1.1 in ip, the design and the product are the same (code is an "executive design")
1.2 in mp the design and the product are not the same (code need a material productive system - industry - to be transformed in a product).
2.1 in ip cause design and product are the same, is possible to create a community of designers/producers (coders) that share freely products, in which members have an "implicit agreement" to use the shared knowledge to improve continuously the product, for the benefit of all the community members. members can earn income from services related to the product (i.e. software customization) continuously improved by community.
2.1.1 basically software coding is a pre-industrial system! coder is an artisan, because product design and product production are not separated (work alienation in marxism)
2.1.2 the role of money is not significant in such community (apparenty..the knowledge sharing tools - the internet - are apparently free, but their existence is based on material production of products - computers - needed to make working the infrastructure)
2.2. in mp cause design and product are not the same, is possible to create a community of designers but to be effective as the ip communities, you need to have inside also producers (industry). in such community can be shared the design but imho members cannot earn income from services related only to design, cause the value is made by product.
2.2.1 the role of money is significant, it's related to investments needed to start a material production to transform projects in products
2.2.2 in mp the community will change his meaning only when will start massively the self-replicating personal industry (reprap), so design and product will be the same." (email July 2010)