Category:Labor

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Samuel Gompers: "So long as there is one man who seeks employment and cannot obtain it, the hours of labor are too long."


The section is dedicated to the intersection between peer to peer dynamics, , the new work culture and hacker ethics, the (im)material labor of knowledge workers, and their intersection with the traditional labour movement and concerns. It's also specifically dedicated to alliances between p2p movements and workers movements.


Introduction

  • Key article by Hilary Wainwright: Co-Creative Labor, Productive Democracy and the Partner State; a very important text to reset government policies for the p2p age. The 3 parts cover: 1 A value revolution in labor; 2 Re-constituting industrial strategies based on co-creative labor; 3 The Co-Creative Economy needs a Partner State


Conquering sovereignty over work, not just consumption

Editorial from Las Indias:

"Let’s start with a fact: consumption is an individual activity, something that we generally do alone. So, thinking about society in terms of consumption leads us to think that the only way we can transform our surroundings is through the “sovereignty of the consumer”—basically, changing brands. As consumers, we’re alone and infinitely small. Not even by joining together by the millions will we be able to question the hegemony of the great corporations, their regulatory capture, or their attacks on competition. All we’ll be able to do is get them to change certain practices in favor of others that are “greener” or “more social.” And that’s not a bad thing. But it’s clear that isn’t a place that makes us freer or more responsible. That’s why any attempt to build community through consumption, whether through cooperative forms or through networks and platforms, won’t go anywhere.

On the other hand, productive activity, work, is a community act, something that links us to others on the basis of commitments and responsibilities. It is there, in production on a community scale, where building egalitarian relationships becomes “spontaneous,” because the center is in everyone, and each one is a decision-maker. And when those products that incorporate our knowledge and our work enter the market, they enter the world of exchange, a space that, in turn, demands a strong ethical base.

Recovering the centrality of work and an awareness of what it means transforms us and transforms the world. There is nothing more revolutionary for a generation that has been thrown out of the market than to conquer work." (https://english.lasindias.com/work-not-consumption)

Worthy of attention and support

  • The P2P Foundation supports the emergence of Commonfare practices of social solidarity for networked workers who co-created commons and shared resources (see our special section http://p2pfoundation.net/Category:P2P_Solidarity), as well as their integration with a strengthened welfare system. In particular we support the creation of 'labor mutuals', i.e. freelance coops which already exist in the French-speaking world (Coopaname in France ; SMart in Belgium, Bigre, etc ..; see the project of AltGen in the UK).


See also:

[3]

Citations

“In the age of hand-crafting, the dominant forms of organization were the all-powerful churches, kingdoms, and hand-craftsmen guilds. Just as the age of machine-crafting led the emergence of today’s organizations, ending the dominance of guilds, kingdoms, and churches, so too will the age of mind-crafting give rise to new, more chaordic concepts of organization that will end the dominance of today’s organizational structures.”

- Dee Hock [4]


From a Labor-Saving Civilization to a Labor-Creating Civilization

" I think the real wealth in the future does not come from saving labor but in creating new kinds of things to do. In this sense long-term wealth depends on making new labor. Civilization is not just about saving labor but also about “wasting” labor to make art, to make beautiful things, to “waste” time playing, like sports. Nobody ever suggested that Picasso should spend fewer hours painting per picture in order to boost his wealth or improve the economy. The value he added to the economy could not be optimized for productivity. It’s hard to shoehorn some of the most important things we do in life into the category of “being productive.” Generally any task that can be measured by the metrics of productivity — output per hour — is a task we want automation to do. In short, productivity is for robots. Humans excel at wasting time, experimenting, playing, creating, and exploring. None of these fare well under the scrutiny of productivity. That is why science and art are so hard to fund. But they are also the foundation of long-term growth. Yet our notions of jobs, of work, of the economy don’t include a lot of space for wasting time, experimenting, playing, creating, and exploring."

- Kevin Kelly [5]

Key Resources

  • Free and Open Software Applications that are safe and useful for unionists, labour and social justice activists: [6]


Key Articles

  • Working Online. Special issue of Work Organisation Labour & Globalisation. [7]: analyses how the development of online work has meshed with broader trends in organisational restructuring to erode traditional employment norms, time structures and models of behaviour at work, placing new stresses on offline daily life."

* iCapitalism and the Cybertariat. Contradictions of the Digital Economy. by Ursula Huws. Monthly Review, Volume 66, Issue 08, January 2015. [8]



How-To

  1. How to Find a Job Using Social Media [9]
  2. The Shareable Job Search Search [10]
  3. How to Create Your Own Green Job [11]
  4. How to Make A Franchise Shareable [12]

Key Books

Labor under Cognitive Capitalism

[13]

  • Guy Standing. Precariat Charter: From Denizens to Citizens. Bloomsbury, 2014 [15]: discusses how rights - political, civil, social and economic - have been denied to the Precariat, and argues for the importance of redefining our social contract around notions of associational freedom, agency and the commons."

See also:

  1. Dyer-Withford, Nick. and Greig de Peuter, Games of Empire: Global Capitalism and Video Games. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2009.
  2. Neff, Gina. Venture Labor: Work and the Burden of Risk in Innovative Industries. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012.
  3. Scholz. Trebor, Ed. Digital Labor: The Internet as Factory and Playground. New York: Routledge, 2013
  4. Peters, Michael A. and Ergin Bulut, Eds. Cognitive Capitalism, Education and Digital Labor. New York: Peter Lang Publishers, 2011.


General Political Economy of Labor

  1. Labour Aristocracy: Mass Base of Social-Democracy (H.W. Edwards) [17]: "Makes the crucial argument for the origins and nature of social-democracy as arising out of imperialist rent."

Key Podcasts


Key Policy Documents

[18] ; proposes 3 simple principles.


Key Statistics

  • A report from Orange called The way to work states that, of 28.5 million UK workers, 3.64 million (13%) are self employed, 7 million (24%) are part-time workers, 7% are freelance workers, and 11% are in businesses with no employees. Otherwise stated: 55% of the UK workforce does not have a job in the traditional sense of the word."

(http://www.doorsofperception.com/notopic/life-as-a-spot/)


  • Ann Pettifor: "The ILO predicts that by 2019, more than 212 million people will be out of work, up

from the current tragedy of 201 million. (World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2015 (WESO).) [19]


Key Videos

Platform Cooperativism and Labor

Full list of videos at https://livestream.com/internetsociety/platformcoop2016

Our compilation so far:

Pages in category "Labor"

The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 665 total.

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